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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

sa'-lim (Saleim): A place evidently well known, since the position of Aenon, the springs where John was baptizing, was defined by reference to it: they were "near to Salim" (John 3:23). It must be sought on the West of the Jordan, as will be seen from comparison of John 1:28; John 3:26; John 10:40. Many identifications have been proposed: e.g. that of Alford with Shilhim and Ain in the South of Judah; that of Busching with `Ain Karim, and that of Barclay, who would place Salim in Wady Suleim near `Anata, making Aenon the springs in Wady Far`ah. These are all ruled out by their distance from the district where John is known to have been at work. If there were no other objection to that suggested by Conder (Tent Work, 49) following Robinson (BR, III, 333) with Salim in the plain East of Nablus, Aenon being `Ainun in Wady Far`ah, it would be sufficient to say that this is in the very heart of Samaria, and therefore impossible. In any case the position of Aenon, 6 miles distant, with a high ridge intervening, would hardly be defined by the village of Salim, with the important city of Shechem quite as near, and more easily accessible.

Onomasticon places Aenon 8 Roman miles South of Scythopolis (Beisan), near Salumias (Salim) and the Jordan. This points to Tell Ridhghah, on the northern side of which is a shrine known locally as Sheikh Selim. Not far off, by the ruins of Umm el-`Amdan, there are seven copious fountains which might well be called Aenon, "place of springs."

There is reason to believe that this district did not belong to Samaria, but was included in the lands of Scythopolis, which was an important member of the league of ten cities.

W. Ewing


hin'-der; ut'-most; ut'-er-most; wes'-tern.





(ha-yam ha-gadhol):

1. Names of the Sea:

This is the name given to the Mediterranean, which formed the western boundary of Palestine (Numbers 34:6 Joshua 15:12, 47 Ezekiel 47:19; Ezekiel 48:28). It is also called "the hinder sea" (Hebrew ha-yam ha-'aharon), i.e. the western sea (Deuteronomy 11:24; Deuteronomy 34:2 Joel 2:20 Zechariah 14:8), and "the sea of the Philis" (Exodus 23:31), which, of course, applies especially to the part washing the shore of Philistia, from Jaffa southward. Generally, when the word "sea" is used, and no other is definitely indicated, the Mediterranean is intended (Genesis 49:13 Numbers 13:29, etc.). It was the largest sheet of water with which the Hebrews had any acquaintance. Its gleaming mirror, stretching away to the sunset, could be seen from many an inland height.

2. Israel and the Sea:

It bulked large in the minds of the landsmen-for Israel produced few mariners-impressing itself upon their speech, so that "seaward" was the common term for "westward" (Exodus 26:22 Joshua 5:1, etc.). Its mystery and wonder, the raging of the storm, and the sound of "sorrow on the sea," borne to their upland ears, infected them with a strange dread of its wide waters, to which the seer of Patmos gave the last Scriptural expression in his vision of the new earth, where "the sea is no more" (Revelation 21:1).

3. The Coast Line:

Along the coast lay the tribal territories assigned to Asher, Zebulun, Manasseh, Dan and Judah. Many of the cities along the shore they failed to possess, however, and much of the land. The coast line offered little facility for the making of harbors. The one seaport of which in ancient times the Hebrews seem to have made much use was Joppa-the modern Jaffa (2 Chronicles 2:16, etc.). From this place, probably, argosies of Solomon turned their prows westward. Here, at least, "ships of Tarshish" were wont to set out upon their adventurous voyages (Jonah 1:3). The ships on this sea figure in the beautiful vision of Isaiah (60:8).


4. The Sea in the New Testament:

The boy Jesus, from the heights above Nazareth, must often have looked on the waters of the great sea, as they broke in foam on the curving shore, from the roots of Carmel to the point at Acre. Once only in His journeyings, so far as we know, did He approach the sea, namely on His ever-memorable visit to the "borders of Tyre and Sidon" (Matthew 15:21 Mark 7:24). The sea, in all its moods, was well known to the great apostle of the Gentiles. The three shipwrecks, which he suffered (2 Corinthians 11:25), were doubtless due to the power of its angry billows over the frail craft of those old days.


5. Debt of Palestine to the Sea:

The land owes much to the great sea. During the hot months of summer, a soft breeze from the water springs up at dawn, fanning all the seaward face of the Central Range. At sunset the chilled air slips down the slopes and the higher strata drift toward the uplands, charged with priceless moisture, giving rise to the refreshing dews which make the Palestinian morning so sweet.


W. Ewing


mol'-t'n, or (yam mutsaq, yam hanechosheth): This was a large brazen (bronze) reservoir for water which stood in the court of Solomon's Temple between the altar and the temple porch, toward the South (1 Kings 7:23-26 2 Chronicles 4:2-5, 10). The bronze from which it was made is stated in 1 Chronicles 18:8 to have been taken by David from the cities Tibhath and Cun. It replaced the laver of the tabernacle, and, like that, was used for storing the water in which the priests washed their hands and their feet (compare Exodus 30:18; Exodus 38:8). It rested on 12 brazen (bronze) oxen, facing in four groups the four quarters of heaven. For particulars of shape, size and ornamentation, see TEMPLE. The "sea" served its purpose till the time of Ahaz, who took away the brazen oxen, and placed, the sea upon a pavement (2 Kings 16:17). It is recorded that the oxen were afterward taken to Babylon (Jeremiah 52:20). The sea itself shared the same fate, being first broken to pieces (2 Kings 25:13, 16).

W. Shaw Caldecott

4530. Saleim -- Salim, a place in Palestine
... Saleim. 4531 . Salim, a place in Palestine. Transliteration: Saleim Phonetic Spelling:
(sal-ime') Short Definition: Salim. ... NASB Word Usage Salim (1). Salim. ...
// - 6k

Jesus at Ænon, Near Salim.
... CHAPTER V. JESUS AT ÆNON, NEAR SALIM. WE cannot fix with certainty the length of
Christ's first stay in Jerusalem after the beginning of his public ministry. ...
/.../chapter v jesus at aenon.htm

John at Ænon.
... (John 3:23) 23. John also was baptizing at Ænon near to Salim. The location
of Ænon was long in doubt, and it was left for Lieut. ...
/.../johnson/the new testament commentary vol iii john/john at aenon.htm

The Story of the Baptist, from his Last Testimony to Jesus to his ...
... 1. It was [3118] in the late spring, or rather early summer of the year 27
of our era, that John was baptizing in Ænon, near to Salim. ...
/.../the life and times of jesus the messiah/chapter xxviii the story of.htm

"We must Increase, but I must Decrease. "
... the Baptist was continuing his preparatory work in the Jordan Valley, though now
driven by persecution to leave the western bank for Aenon and Salim on the ...
// the baptist/ix we must increase but.htm

The Discrepancy Between John and the First Three Gospels at this ...
... into the land of Judæa, and there He tarried with them and baptized, at the same
time at which John also was baptizing in Ænon near Salim, because there were ...
/.../origens commentary on the gospel of john/2 the discrepancy between john.htm

First Ministry in Judæa --John's Second Testimony.
... There would hardly be two kinds of baptism administered by divine consent at one
time] in Aenon [This name means "springs"] near to Salim, because there was ...
/.../mcgarvey/the four-fold gospel/xxv first ministry in judaeajohns.htm

John the Baptist --visit of Jesus to John, and his Abode in the ...
... to Bethany or Bethabara,[6] upon the eastern shore, probably opposite to Jericho,
or to a place called AEnon, or "the Fountains,"[7] near Salim, where there ...
/.../renan/the life of jesus/chapter vi john the baptistvisit.htm

Jealousy of John's Disciples. --Final Testimony of the Baptist. ...
... CHAPTER V. JESUS AT ÆNON, NEAR SALIM. Section 120. Jealousy of John's
Disciples."Final Testimony of the Baptist."His Imprisonment. ...
/.../section 120 jealousy of johns.htm

In Judæa and through Samaria - a Sketch of Samaritan History and ...
... Jesus was within the boundaries of the province of Judæa, while John baptized at
Ænon (the springs), near to Salim. The latter site has not been identified. ...
/.../edersheim/the life and times of jesus the messiah/chapter vii in judaea and.htm

... Some treat iv.35 as a proverb with no chronological significance; so Alford, Comm.
on John. 39. Geographical notes. Aenon near Salim has not been identified. ...
// life of jesus of nazareth/references.htm

Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary

foxes; fists; path

Smith's Bible Dictionary

(peace), a place named (John 3:23) to denote the situation of AEnon, the scene of St. John's last baptisms; Salim being the well-known town, and AEnon a place of fountains or other waters near it. [SALEM] The name of Salim has been discovered by Mr. Van Deuteronomy Velde in a position exactly in accordance with the notice of Eusebius, viz., six English miles south of Beisan (Scythopolis), end two miles west of the Jordan. Near here is an abundant supply of water.

ATS Bible Dictionary

A town near Enon and the Jordan, south of Bethshean, John 3:23.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Peaceful, a place near AEnon (q.v.), on the west of Jordan, where John baptized (John 3:23). It was probably the Shalem mentioned in Genesis 33:18, about 7 miles south of AEnon, at the head of the great Wady Far'ah, which formed the northern boundary of Judea in the Jordan valley.
Salim (1 Occurrence)
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. SALIM. sa'-lim (Saleim): A place evidently
well known, since the position of Aenon, the springs ...
/s/salim.htm - 15k

Aenon (1 Occurrence)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary Springs, a place near Salim where John baptized
(John 3:23). ... Its position is defined by nearness to Salim. ...
/a/aenon.htm - 8k

Jebusi (2 Occurrences)
... The original name of Jerusalem was Babylonian, Uru-Salim, "the city of Salim,"
shortened into Salem in Genesis 14:18 and in the inscriptions of the Egyptian ...
/j/jebusi.htm - 11k

Jebus (5 Occurrences)
... The original name of Jerusalem was Babylonian, Uru-Salim, "the city of Salim,"
shortened into Salem in Genesis 14:18 and in the inscriptions of the Egyptian ...
/j/jebus.htm - 13k

Jebusite (39 Occurrences)
... The original name of Jerusalem was Babylonian, Uru-Salim, "the city of Salim,"
shortened into Salem in Genesis 14:18 and in the inscriptions of the Egyptian ...
/j/jebusite.htm - 25k

Shunem (3 Occurrences)
... with the Sanim of Eusebius, Onomasticon, which is said to be in the territory of
Sebaste (Samaria), in the region of Akrabatta: or perhaps with Salim, fully a ...
/s/shunem.htm - 10k

Salem (5 Occurrences)
... The Samaritans have always identified Salem with Salim, East of Nablus, but Jewish
and Christian tradition is more likely to be correct, supported, as it is ...
/s/salem.htm - 10k

Canaan (102 Occurrences)
... We must ascribe to this period the foundation of Jerusalem, which bears a Babylonian
name (Uru-Salim, "the city of Salim"), and commanded the road to the ...
/c/canaan.htm - 64k

Canaanites (63 Occurrences)
... We must ascribe to this period the foundation of Jerusalem, which bears a Babylonian
name (Uru-Salim, "the city of Salim"), and commanded the road to the ...
/c/canaanites.htm - 55k

... John the Baptist, baptized "in the river Jordan" (Matthew 3:6) and "in AEnon
near to Salim, because there was much water there" (John 3:23). ...
/i/immersion.htm - 14k

Bible Concordance
Salim (1 Occurrence)

John 3:23 John also was baptizing in Enon near Salim, because there was much water there. They came, and were baptized.



Salim: A City Which is Near Aenon

Related Terms

Aenon (1 Occurrence)

Jebusi (2 Occurrences)

Jebus (5 Occurrences)

Jebusite (39 Occurrences)

Shunem (3 Occurrences)

Salem (5 Occurrences)

Canaan (102 Occurrences)

Canaanites (63 Occurrences)




Enon (2 Occurrences)

Pools (15 Occurrences)

Plenty (43 Occurrences)

Baptising (6 Occurrences)

Baptised (46 Occurrences)

Baptizing (16 Occurrences)

Constantly (47 Occurrences)

Ae'non (1 Occurrence)


Sales (1 Occurrence)

Shalem (1 Occurrence)

Baptized (52 Occurrences)

Deal (170 Occurrences)

Jerusalem (782 Occurrences)

Received (312 Occurrences)

Giving (611 Occurrences)

John (154 Occurrences)

Baptist (16 Occurrences)

Palestine (1 Occurrence)

Baptism (76 Occurrences)

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