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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

zef-a-ni'-a (tsephanyah, tsephanyahu, "Yah hath treasured"):

(1) The prophet.


(2) A Levite or priest (1 Chronicles 6:36 (Hebrew 6:21)), called in some genealogies "Uriel" (1 Chronicles 6:24; 1 Chronicles 15:5, 11).

(3) Judean father or fathers of various contemporaries of Zechariah, the prophet (Zechariah 6:10, 14).

(4) A priest, the second in rank in the days of Jeremiah. He was a leader of the "patriotic" party which opposed Jeremiah. Nevertheless, he was sent to the prophet as a messenger of King Zedekiah when Nebuchadnezzar was about to attack the city (Jeremiah 21:1) and at other crises (Jeremiah 37:3; compare 29:25, 29; 2 Kings 25:18). That he continued to adhere to the policy of resistance against Babylonian authority is indicated by the fact that he was among the leaders of Israel taken by Nebuzaradan before the king of Babylon, and killed at Riblah (2 Kings 25:18 parallel Jeremiah 52:24).

Nathan Isaacs


A (probably) Jewish apocryphal work of this name is mentioned in the Stichometry of Nicephorus and another list practically identical with this; a quotation from it is also preserved by Clement of Alexandria (Strom., v. 11, 77). Dr. Charles thinks this indicates a Christian revision (Encyclopedia Brittanica, II, article "Apocalypse"); others suppose it to point to a Christian, rather than a Jewish, origin. See Schurer, HJP, div II, volume III, pp. 126-27, 132; GJV4, III, 367-69.



1. Name

2. Ancestry 3. Life


1. Date

2. Political Situation

3. Moral and Religious Conditions


1. Contents

2. Integrity


1. The Day of Yahweh

2. Universalism

3. Messianic Prophecy


I. The Author.

1. Name:

The name "Zephaniah" (tsephanyah; Sophonias), which is borne by three other men mentioned in the Old Testament, means "Yah hides," or "Yah has hidden" or "treasured." "It suggests," says G. A. Smith, "the prophet's birth in the killing time of Manasseh" (2 Kings 21:16).

2. Ancestry:

The ancestry of the prophet is carried back four generations (Zechariah 1:1), which is unusual in the Old Testament (compare Isaiah 1:1 Hosea 1:1); hence, it is thought, not without reason (Eiselen, Minor Prophets, 505), that the last-mentioned ancestor, Hezekiah, must have been a prominent man-indeed, no other than King Hezekiah of Judah, the contemporary of Isaiah and Micah. If Zephaniah was of royal blood, his condemnation of the royal princes (1:8) becomes of great interest. In a similar manner did Isaiah, who in all probability was of royal blood, condemn without hesitation the shortcomings and vices of the rulers and the court. An ancient tradition declares that Zephaniah was of the tribe of Simeon, which would make it impossible for him to be of royal blood; but the origin and value of this tradition are uncertain.

Zephaniah lived in Judah; that he lived in Jerusalem is made probable by the statement in 1:4, "I will cut off.... from this place," as well as by his intimate knowledge of the topography of the city (1:10, 11).

3. Life:

For how long he continued his prophetic activity we do not know, but it is not improbable that, as in the case of Amos, his public activity was short, and that, after delivering his message of judgment in connection with a great political crisis, he retired to private life, though his interest in reforms may have continued (2 Kings 23:2).

II. Time.

1. Date:

The title (Zechariah 1:1) places the prophetic activity of Zephaniah somewhere within the reign of Josiah, that is, between 639 and 608 B.C. Most scholars accept this statement as historically correct. The most important exception is E. Koenig (Einl, 252;), who places it in the decade following the death of Josiah. Koenig's arguments are altogether inconclusive, while all the internal evidence points toward the reign of Josiah as the period of Zephaniah's activity. Can the ministry of the prophet be more definitely located within the 31 years of Josiah? The latter's reign falls naturally into two parts, separated by the great reform of 621. Does the work of Zephaniah belong to the earlier or the later period?

The more important arguments in favor of the later period are:

(a) Deuteronomy 28:29, 30 is quoted in Zechariah 1:13, 15, 17, in a manner which shows that the former book was well known, but according to the modern view, the Deuteronomic Code was not known until 621, because it was lost (2 Kings 22:8).

(b) The "remnant of Baal" (Zechariah 1:4) points to a period when much of the Baal-worship had been removed, which means subsequent to 621.

(c) The condemnation of the "king's sons" (Zechariah 1:8) presupposes that at the time of the utterance they had reached the age of moral responsibility; this again points to the later period.

These arguments are inconclusive:

(a) The resemblances between Deuteronomy and Zephaniah are of such a general character that dependence of either passage on the other is improbable.

(b) The expression in Zechariah 1:4 bears an interpretation which made its use quite appropriate before 621 (Eiselen, Minor Prophets, 508).

(c) "King's sons" may be equivalent to "royal princes," referring not to Josiah's children at all. The last two objections lose all force if the Septuagint readings are accepted (Zechariah 1:4, "names of Baal"; 1:8, "house of the king").

On the other hand, there are several considerations pointing to the earlier date:

(a) The youth of the king would make it easy for the royal princes to go to the excesses condemned in Zechariah 1:8, 9.

(b) The idolatrous practices condemned by Zephaniah (1:3-5) are precisely those abolished in 621.

(c) The temper described in Zechariah 1:12 is explicable before 621 and after the death of Josiah in 608, but not between 621 and 608, when religious enthusiasm was widespread.

(d) Only the earlier part of Josiah's reign furnishes a suitable occasion for the prophecy.

Evidently at the time of its delivery an enemy was threatening the borders of Judah and of the surrounding nations. But the only foes of Judah during the latter part of the 7th century meeting all the conditions are the Scythians, who swept over Western Asia about 625 B.C. At the time the prophecy was delivered their advance against Egypt seems to have been still in the future, but imminent (Zechariah 1:14); hence, the prophet's activity may be placed between 630 and 625, perhaps in 626. If this date is correct, Zephaniah and Jeremiah began their ministries in the same year.

2. Political Situation:

Little can be said about the political conditions in Judah during the reign of Josiah, because the Biblical books are silent concerning them. Josiah seems to have remained loyal to his Assyrian lord to the very end, even when the latter's prestige had begun to wane, and this loyalty cost him his life (2 Kings 23:29). As already suggested, the advance of the Scythians furnished the occasion of the prophecy. Many questions concerning these Scythians remain still unanswered, but this much is clear, that they were a non-Semitic race of barbarians, which swept in great hordes over Western Asia during the 7th century B.C. (see SCYTHIANS). The prophet looked upon the Scythians as the executioners of the divine judgment upon his sinful countrymen and upon the surrounding nations; and he saw in the coming of the mysterious host the harbinger of the day of Yahweh.

3. Moral and Religious Conditions:

The Book of Zephaniah, the early discourses of Jeremiah, and 2 Kings 21-23 furnish a vivid picture of the social, moral, and religious conditions in Judah at the time Zephaniah prophesied. Social injustice and moral corruption were widespread (3:1, 3, 7). Luxury and extravagance might be seen on every hand; fortunes were heaped up by oppressing the poor (1:8, 9). The religious situation was equally bad. The reaction under Manasseh came near making an end of Yahweh-worship (2 Kings 21). Amon followed in the footsteps of his father, and the outlook was exceedingly dark when Josiah came to the throne. Fortunately the young king came under prophetic influence from the beginning, and soon undertook a religious reform, which reached its culmination in the 18th year of his reign. When Zephaniah preached, this reform was still in the future. The Baalim were still worshipped, and the high places were flourishing (1:4); the hosts of heaven were adored upon the housetops (1:5); a half-hearted Yahweh-worship, which in reality was idolatry, was widespread (1:5); great multitudes had turned entirely from following Yahweh (1:6). When the cruel Manasseh was allowed to sit undisturbed upon the throne for more than 50 years, many grew skeptical and questioned whether Yahweh was taking any interest in the affairs of the nation; they began to say in their hearts, "Yahweh will not do good, neither will he do evil" (1:12). Conditions could hardly be otherwise, when the religious leaders had become misleaders (3:4). The few who, amid the general corruption, remained faithful would be insufficient to avert the awful judgment upon the nation, though they themselves might be "hid in the day of Yahweh's anger" (2:3).

III. Book.

1. Contents:

The Book of Zephaniah falls naturally into two parts of unequal length. The first part (1:2-3:8) contains, almost exclusively, denunciations and threats; the second (3:9-20), a promise of salvation and glorification. The prophecy opens with the announcement of a world judgment (1:2, 3), which will be particularly severe upon Judah and Jerusalem, because of idolatry (1:4-6). The ungodly nobles will suffer most, because they are the leaders in crime (1:8, 9). The judgment is imminent (1:7); when it arrives there will be wailing on every hand (1:10, 11). No one will escape, even the indifferent skeptics will be aroused (1:12, 13). In the closing verses of chapter 1, the imminence and terribleness of the day of Yahweh are emphasized, from which there can be no escape, because Yahweh has determined to make a "terrible end of all them that dwell in the land" (1:14-18). A way of escape is offered to the meek; if they seek Yahweh, they may be "hid in the day of Yahweh" (2:1-3). Zechariah 2:4-15 contains threats upon 5 nations, Philistia (2:4-7), Moab and Ammon (2:8-11), Ethiopia (2:12), Assyria (2:13-15). In Zechariah 3:1 the prophet turns once more to Jerusalem. Leaders, both civil and religious, and people are hopelessly corrupt (3:1-4), and continue so in spite of Yahweh's many attempts to win the city back to purity (3:5-7); hence, the judgment which will involve all nations has become inevitable (3:8). A remnant of the nations and of Judah will escape and find rest and peace in Yahweh (3:9-13). The closing section (3:14-20) pictures the joy and exaltation of the redeemed daughter of Zion.

2. Integrity:

The authenticity of every verse in Zephaniah 2 and 3, and of several verses in chapter 1, has been questioned by one or more scholars, but the passages rejected or questioned with greatest persistency are 2:1-3, 4-15 (especially 2:8-11); 3:9, 10, 14-20. The principal objection to 2:1-3 is the presence in 2:3 of the expressions "meek of the earth," and "seek meekness." It is claimed that "meek" and "meekness" as religious terms are post-exilic. There can be no question that the words occur more frequently in post-exilic psalms and proverbs than in preexilic writings, but it cannot be proved, or even shown to be probable, that the words might not have been used in Zephaniah's day (compare Exodus 10:3 Numbers 12:3 Isaiah 2:9;; Micah 6:8). A second objection is seen in the difference of tone between these verses and Zephaniah 1. The latter, from beginning to end, speaks of the terrors of judgment; 2:1-3 weakens this by offering a way of escape. But surely, judgment cannot have been the last word of the prophets; in their thought, judgment always serves a disciplinary purpose. They are accustomed to offer hope to a remnant. Hence, 2:1-3 seems to form the necessary completion of chapter 1.

The objections against Zephaniah 2:4-15 as a whole are equally inconclusive. For 2:13-15, a date preceding the fall of Nineveh seems most suitable. The threat against Philistia (2:4-7) also is quite intelligible in the days of Zephaniah, for the Scythians passed right through the Philistine territory. If Ethiopia stands for Egypt, 2:12 can easily be accounted for as coming from Zephaniah, for the enemies who were going along the Mediterranean coast must inevitably reach Egypt. But if it is insisted upon that the reference is to Ethiopia proper, again no difficulty exists, for in speaking of a world judgment Zephaniah might mention Ethiopia as the representative of the far south. Against 2:8-11 the following objections are raised:

(a) Moab and Ammon were far removed from the route taken by the Scythians.

(b) The "reproaches" of 2:8, 10 presuppose the destruction of Jerusalem (Ezekiel 25:3, 6, 8).

(c) The attitude of the prophet toward Judah (Zech 2:9, 10) is the exact opposite of that expressed in Zephaniah 1.

(d) The qinah meter, which predominates in the rest of the section, is absent from 2:8-11.

(e) Zechariah 2:12 is the natural continuation of 2:9.

These five arguments are by no means conclusive:

(a) The prophet is announcing a world judgment. Could this be executed by the Scythians if they confined themselves to the territory along the Mediterranean Sea?

(b) Is it true that the "reproaches" of 2:8, 10 presuppose the destruction of Jerusalem?

(c) The promises in 2:7, 8-10 are only to a remnant, which presupposes a judgment such as is announced in chapter 1.

(d) Have we a right to demand consistency in the use of a certain meter in oratory, and, if so, may not the apparent inconsistency be due to corruption of the text, or to a later expansion of an authentic oracle?

(e) Zechariah 2:8-11 can be said to interrupt the thought only if it is assumed that the prophet meant to enumerate the nations in the order in which the Scythians naturally would reach their territory.

From Philistia they would naturally pass to Egypt. But is this assumption warranted? While the objections against the entire paragraph are inconclusive, it cannot be denied that 2:12 seems the natural continuation of 2:9, and since 2:10 and 11 differ in other respects from those preceding, suspicion of the originality of these two verses cannot be suppressed.

Zechariah 3:1-8 is so similar to chapter 1 that its originality cannot be seriously questioned, but 3:1-8 carry with them 3:9-13, which describe the purifying effects of the judgment announced in 3:1-8. The present text of 3:10 may be corrupt, but if properly emended there remains insufficient reason for questioning 3:10 and 11. The authenticity of 3:14-20 is more doubtful than that of any other section of Zephaniah. The buoyant tone of the passage forms a marked contrast to the somber, quiet strain of 3:11-13; the judgments upon Judah appear to be in the past; 3:18-20 seem to presuppose a scattering of the people of Judah, while the purifying judgment of 3:11-13 falls upon the people in their own land; hence, there is much justice in Davidson's remark that "the historical situation presupposed is that of Isaiah 40;." On the other hand, it must be borne in mind that the passage is highly poetic, that it presents an ideal picture of the future, in the drawing of which imagination must have played some part, and it may be difficult to assert that the composition of this poem was entirely beyond the power of Zephaniah's enlightened imagination. But while the bare possibility of Zephaniah's authorship may be admitted, it is not impossible that 3:14-20 contains a "new song from God," added to the utterances of Zephaniah at a period subsequent to the fall of Jerusalem.

IV. Teaching.

The teaching of Zephaniah closely resembles that of the earlier prophetic books. Yahweh is the God of the universe, a God of righteousness and holiness, who expects of His worshippers a life in accord with His will. Israel are His chosen people, but on account of rebellion they must suffer severe punishment. Wholesale conversion seems out of the question, but a remnant may escape, to be exalted among the nations. He adds little, but attempts with much moral and spiritual fervor to impress upon his comtemporaries the fundamental truths of the religion of Yahweh. Only a few points deserve special mention.

1. The Day of Yahweh:

Earlier prophets had spoken of the day of Yahweh; Amos (5:18-20) had described it in language similar to that employed by Zephaniah; but the latter surpasses all his predecessors in the emphasis he places upon this terrible manifestation of Yahweh (see ESCHATOLOGY OF THE OLD TESTAMENT). His entire teaching centers around this day; and in the Book of Zephaniah we find the germs of the apocalyptic visions which become so common in later prophecies of an eschatological character. Concerning this day he says

(a) that it is a day of terror (1:15),

(b) it is imminent (1:14),

(c) it is a judgment for sin (1:17),

(d) it falls upon all creation (1:2, 3; 2:4-15; 3:8),

(e) it is accompanied by great convulsions in Nature (1:15),

(f) a remnant of redeemed Hebrews and foreigners will escape from its terrors (Zechariah 2:3; 3:9-13).

2. Universalism:

The vision of the book is world-wide. The terrors of the day of Yahweh will fall upon all. In the same manner from all nations converts will be won to Yahweh (Zechariah 3:9, 10). These will not be compelled to come to Jerusalem to worship Yahweh (Isaiah 2:2 Micah 4:1); they may worship Him "every one from his place" (Zechariah 2:11), which is a step in the direction of the utterance of Jesus in John 4:21.

3. Messianic Prophecy:

The Messianic King is not mentioned by Zephaniah. Though he draws a sublime picture of the glories of the Messianic age (Zechariah 3:14-20), there is not a word concerning the person of the Messianic King. Whatever is done is accomplished by Yahweh Himself.


Cornms. on the Minor Prophets by Ewald, Pusey, Keil, Orelli, G. A. Smith (Expositor's Bible); Driver (New Century); Eiselen; A. B. Davidson, Commentary on Nahum, Habakkuk, and Zephaniah (Cambridge Bible); A. F. Kirkpatrick, Doctrine of the Prophets; Eiselen, Prophecy and the Prophets; F. W. Farrar, "Minor Prophets," Men of the Bible; S. R. Driver, Driver, Introduction to the Literature of the Old Testament; Hastings, Dictionary of the Bible (five volumes), article "Zephaniah, Book of"; Encyclopedia Biblica, article "Zephaniah."

F. C. Eiselen

Strong's Hebrew
6846. Tsephanyah -- "Yah has treasured," four Israelites
... "Yah has treasured," four Israelites. Transliteration: Tsephanyah or Tsephanyahu
Phonetic Spelling: (tsef-an-yaw') Short Definition: Zephaniah. ... Zephaniah. ...
/hebrew/6846.htm - 6k

4671. mots -- squeezer, extortioner
... chaff Or mowts (Zephaniah 2:2) {motes}; from muwts; chaff (as pressed out, ie Winnowed
or (rather) threshed loose) -- chaff. see HEBREW muwts. 4670, 4671. ...
/hebrew/4671.htm - 5k


... ZEPHANIAH. ... The prophecy presents a very impressive picture of the day of
Jehovah, but it cannot all be from the pen of Zephaniah. ...
/.../christianbookshelf.org/mcfadyen/introduction to the old testament/zephaniah.htm

What Jeremiah and Zephaniah Have, by the Prophetic Spirit, Spoken ...
... Chapter 33."What Jeremiah and Zephaniah Have, by the Prophetic Spirit, Spoken Before
Concerning Christ and the Calling of the Nations. ... [1194] Zephaniah 3:8. ...
/.../augustine/city of god/chapter 33 what jeremiah and zephaniah.htm

Zephaniah and Haggai.
... For the Outline Study of the Bible by Books. * * * * Chapter XXII. Zephaniah and
Haggai. Chapter XXII. Zephaniah and Haggai. Zephaniah. The Prophet. ...
/.../chapter xxii zephaniah and haggai.htm

The Plan for the Coming of Jesus.
... Zephaniah 3:17."visibly present, Isaiah 4:5, 6."characteristics, vengeance, Isaiah
61:2.63:1-6. Zephaniah 3:19."great victory, Zechariah 9:9."- but ...
//christianbookshelf.org/gordon/quiet talks about jesus/2 the plan for the.htm

Zion's Joy and God's
... ZEPHANIAH ZION'S JOY AND GOD'S. ... He will rejoice over thee with joy; He will rest
in His love, He will joy over thee with singing.'"Zephaniah 3:14, 17. ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture a/zions joy and gods.htm

Other Fulfilled Prophecies.
... [1838] And we will cite the prophetic utterances of another prophet, Zephaniah,
[1839] to the effect that He was foretold expressly as to sit upon the foal of ...
/.../justin/the first apology of justin/chapter xxxv other fulfilled prophecies.htm

The Girdle of the City. Nehemiah 3
... gate. That was also southward. Of it mention is made, Zephaniah 1:10;
where the Seventy have something obscure. Many conjecture ...
/.../lightfoot/from the talmud and hebraica/chapter 26 the girdle of.htm

That the Lust of Possessing, and Money, are not to be Sought For.
... Will ye dwell alone upon the earth?" [4503] Also in Zephaniah: "They shall build
houses, and shall not dwell in them; and they shall appoint vineyards, and ...
/.../cyprian/three books of testimonies against the jews/61 that the lust of.htm

That it Arises from Our Fault and Our Desert that we Suffer, and ...
... They trust in vanity, and speak emptiness, who conceive sorrow, and bring forth
wickedness." [4427] Also in Zephaniah: "In failing, let it fail from the face ...
/.../cyprian/three books of testimonies against the jews/47 that it arises from.htm

Various Discourses by the Assembled Bishops; Also by Eusebius, the ...
... Footnotes: [3343] [Eusebius gives us no example of his application of Scripture
in this case. His commentator Valesius refers to Zephaniah 3:8 (LXX), Di? ...
/.../pamphilius/the life of constantine/chapter xlv various discourses by the.htm

Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary

the Lord is my secret

Smith's Bible Dictionary

(hidden by Jehovah).

  1. The ninth in order of the twelve minor prophets. His pedigree is traced to his fourth ancestor, Hezekiah, (Zephaniah 1:1) supposed to be the celebrated king of that name. The chief characteristics of this book are the unity and harmony of the composition, the grace, energy and dignity of its style, and the rapid and effective alternations of threats and promises. The general tone of the last portion is Messianic, but without any specific reference to the person of our Lord. The date of the book is given in the inscription--viz, the reign of Josiah, from 642 to 611 B.C. It is most probable moreover, that the prophecy was delivered before the eighteenth year of Josiah.
  2. The son of Maaseiah, (Jeremiah 21:1) and sagan or second priest in the reign of Zedekiah. (B.C. 588.) He succeeded Jehoida, (Jeremiah 29:25,26) and was probably a ruler of the temple, whose office it was, among others, to punish pretenders to the gift of prophecy. (Jeremiah 29:29) On the capture of Jerusalem he was taken and slain at Riblah. (Jeremiah 52:24,27; 2 Kings 25:18,21)
  3. Father of Josiah, 2, (Zechariah 6:10) and of Hen, according to the reading of the received text of (Zechariah 6:14)
ATS Bible Dictionary

1. A Kohathite, in the seventh generation from Levi, 1 Chronicles 6:36.

2. A priest, high in the sacred order, during the troublous times of king Zedekiah, who often communicated with Jeremiah by his agency. He was among the captives slain by the king of Babylon at Riblah, 2 Kings 25:18-21 Jeremiah 21:1 29:25,29 37:3:52:24-27.

3. The ninth in order of the minor prophets, of the tribe of Simeon. He prophesied in the early part of king Josiah's reign, before the reforms of that good king were instituted, 2 Chronicles 34:3 Zephaniah 1:4-5.

This would fix his date about 630 B. C., and the destruction of Nineveh, foretold in Zephaniah 2:13, occurred in 625 B. C. His prophecy contains two oracles, in three chapters, directed against idolaters in Judah, against surrounding idolatrous nations, and against wicked rulers, priests, and prophets. It closes with cheering promises of gospel blessings. His style and manner are like those of Jeremiah, during whose early years they were contemporary. His subsequent history is unknown.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Jehovah has concealed, or Jehovah of darkness.

(1.) The son of Cushi, and great-grandson of Hezekiah, and the ninth in the order of the minor prophets. He prophesied in the days of Josiah, king of Judah (B.C. 641-610), and was contemporary with Jeremiah, with whom he had much in common. The book of his prophecies consists of:

(a) An introduction (1:1-6), announcing the judgment of the world, and the judgment upon Israel, because of their transgressions.

(b) The description of the judgment (1:7-18).

(c) An exhortation to seek God while there is still time (2:1-3).

(d) The announcement of judgment on the heathen (2:4-15).

(e) The hopeless misery of Jerusalem (3:1-7).

(f) The promise of salvation (3:8-20).

(2.) The son of Maaseiah, the "second priest" in the reign of Zedekiah, often mentioned in Jeremiah as having been sent from the king to inquire (Jeremiah 21:1) regarding the coming woes which he had denounced, and to entreat the prophet's intercession that the judgment threatened might be averted (Jeremiah 29:25, 26, 29; 37:3; 52:24). He, along with some other captive Jews, was put to death by the king of Babylon "at Riblah in the land of Hamath" (2 Kings 25:21).

(3.) A Kohathite ancestor of the prophet Samuel (1 Chronicles 6:36).

(4.) The father of Josiah, the priest who dwelt in Jerusalem when Darius issued the decree that the temple should be rebuilt (Zechariah 6:10).

Zephaniah (11 Occurrences)
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. ZEPHANIAH. zef-a-ni'-a (tsephanyah, tsephanyahu,
"Yah hath treasured"): (1) The prophet. See ZEPHANIAH, BOOK OF. ...
/z/zephaniah.htm - 32k

Zephani'ah (10 Occurrences)
Zephani'ah. Zephaniah, Zephani'ah. Zephath . ... 1 Chronicles 6:36 the son of Elkanah,
the son of Joel, the son of Azariah, the son of Zephaniah; (See RSV). ...
/z/zephani'ah.htm - 9k

Amariah (14 Occurrences)
... (6.) Zephaniah 1:1. (7.) Nehemiah 11:4. (8.) Nehemiah 10:3. ... (9) An ancestor of Zephaniah,
the prophet (Zephaniah 1:1). AL Breslich. Multi-Version Concordance ...
/a/amariah.htm - 14k

Hizkiah (2 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary An ancestor of the prophet Zephaniah (1:1). Int.
Standard Bible Encyclopedia. HIZKIAH. hiz-ki'-a (chizqiyah ...
/h/hizkiah.htm - 7k

Cushi (7 Occurrences)
... the use of Cushi as or in lieu of a proper name "seems to show that there were but
few Cushites among the Israelites." (3) The father of Zephaniah the prophet ...
/c/cushi.htm - 10k

Seacoast (7 Occurrences)
...Zephaniah 2:5 Ho! ... (See NAS RSV). Zephaniah 2:6 And the sea-coast hath been habitations,
Cottages 'for' shepherds, and folds 'for' a flock. (See NAS RSV). ...
/s/seacoast.htm - 8k

Maaseiah (25 Occurrences)
... Jerusalem. (5.) The father of the priest Zephaniah (Jeremiah 21:1; 37:3). (6.)
The father of the false prophet Zedekiah (Jeremiah 29:21). ...
/m/maaseiah.htm - 19k

Ma-asei'ah (23 Occurrences)
... Jeremiah 21:1 The word which came to Jeremiah from Yahweh, when king Zedekiah sent
to him Pashhur the son of Malchijah, and Zephaniah the son of Maaseiah, the ...
/m/ma-asei'ah.htm - 13k

Ashkelon (12 Occurrences)
... Gaza, Ashdod and Ekron in the denunciations of Amos (1:7, 8). It is referred to
in a similar way by Jeremiah (Jeremiah 25:20; Jeremiah 47:5, 7). Zephaniah (2:4 ...
/a/ashkelon.htm - 13k

Threshold (28 Occurrences)
... 2 Kings 25:18 The captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah
the second priest, and the three keepers of the threshold: (WEB ASV YLT RSV ...
/t/threshold.htm - 18k

Bible Concordance
Zephaniah (11 Occurrences)

2 Kings 25:18 The captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the threshold:

1 Chronicles 6:36 the son of Elkanah, the son of Joel, the son of Azariah, the son of Zephaniah,

Jeremiah 21:1 The word which came to Jeremiah from Yahweh, when king Zedekiah sent to him Pashhur the son of Malchijah, and Zephaniah the son of Maaseiah, the priest, saying,

Jeremiah 29:25 Thus speaks Yahweh of Armies, the God of Israel, saying, Because you have sent letters in your own name to all the people who are at Jerusalem, and to Zephaniah the son of Maaseiah, the priest, and to all the priests, saying,

Jeremiah 29:29 Zephaniah the priest read this letter in the ears of Jeremiah the prophet.

Jeremiah 37:3 Zedekiah the king sent Jehucal the son of Shelemiah, and Zephaniah the son of Maaseiah, the priest, to the prophet Jeremiah, saying, Pray now to Yahweh our God for us.

Jeremiah 52:24 The captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the threshold:

Hosea 2:11 I will also cause all her celebrations to cease: her feasts, her new moons, her Sabbaths, and all her solemn assemblies. Zephaniah

Zephaniah 1:1 The word of Yahweh which came to Zephaniah, the son of Cushi, the son of Gedaliah, the son of Amariah, the son of Hezekiah, in the days of Josiah, the son of Amon, king of Judah.

Zechariah 6:10 "Take of them of the captivity, even of Heldai, of Tobijah, and of Jedaiah; and come the same day, and go into the house of Josiah the son of Zephaniah, where they have come from Babylon.

Zechariah 6:14 The crowns shall be to Helem, and to Tobijah, and to Jedaiah, and to Hen the son of Zephaniah, for a memorial in the temple of Yahweh.


Sent by the King to Jeremiah With a Message Soliciting the Prophet's Intercession and Prayers


Zephaniah: A Kohathite

Zephaniah: A Priest in the Reign of Zedekiah, King of Judah: Shows Jeremiah the False Prophet's Letter

Zephaniah: A Priest in the Reign of Zedekiah, King of Judah: Taken to Riblah and Killed

Zephaniah: A Prophet in the Days of Josiah

Zephaniah: Father of Josiah

Related Terms

Zephani'ah (10 Occurrences)

Amariah (14 Occurrences)

Hizkiah (2 Occurrences)

Cushi (7 Occurrences)

Seacoast (7 Occurrences)

Maaseiah (25 Occurrences)

Ma-asei'ah (23 Occurrences)

Ashkelon (12 Occurrences)

Threshold (28 Occurrences)

Porcupine (3 Occurrences)

Bittern (4 Occurrences)

Josi'ah (50 Occurrences)

Exult (50 Occurrences)

Amon (20 Occurrences)

Jedaiah (13 Occurrences)

Jedai'ah (13 Occurrences)

Jehucal (2 Occurrences)

Taunted (18 Occurrences)

Tobijah (17 Occurrences)

Tobi'jah (3 Occurrences)

Terrifying (10 Occurrences)

Exulting (14 Occurrences)

Demolished (15 Occurrences)

Doorstep (11 Occurrences)

Dagon (9 Occurrences)

Dress (38 Occurrences)

Cushite (15 Occurrences)

Cherethites (11 Occurrences)

Chemarim (1 Occurrence)

Amari'ah (13 Occurrences)

Amoz (14 Occurrences)

Ash'kelon (10 Occurrences)

Serai'ah (18 Occurrences)

Alarm (26 Occurrences)

Meek (23 Occurrences)

Gedaliah (31 Occurrences)

Arrogant (60 Occurrences)

Moloch (2 Occurrences)

Rubble (17 Occurrences)

Chaff (24 Occurrences)

Body-guard (23 Occurrences)

Corrupted (28 Occurrences)

Reproached (27 Occurrences)

Correction (26 Occurrences)

Oppressors (31 Occurrences)

Renown (24 Occurrences)

Magnify (25 Occurrences)

Coast (70 Occurrences)

Executioners (32 Occurrences)

Magnified (34 Occurrences)

Fortunes (30 Occurrences)

Nahum (3 Occurrences)

Warrior (36 Occurrences)

Cush (31 Occurrences)

Door-keepers (34 Occurrences)

Heldai (4 Occurrences)

Gedali'ah (28 Occurrences)

Punish (84 Occurrences)


Passes (74 Occurrences)

Ekron (20 Occurrences)

Molech (16 Occurrences)

Ashdod (21 Occurrences)

Doorkeepers (37 Occurrences)

Towers (38 Occurrences)

Seraiah (18 Occurrences)

Zedeki'ah (62 Occurrences)

Unpeopled (38 Occurrences)

Nettles (5 Occurrences)

Lees (3 Occurrences)

Malcam (6 Occurrences)

Bring (1372 Occurrences)

Carelessly (5 Occurrences)

Canaanites (63 Occurrences)

Cormorant (4 Occurrences)

Ammonite (22 Occurrences)

Sheepfold (3 Occurrences)

Bid (35 Occurrences)

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