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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

(shenath ha-yobhel; etos tes apheseos; annus jubilaeus, "year of jubilee" (Leviticus 25:13), or simply ha-yobhel, "the jubilee" (Leviticus 25:28; compare Numbers 36:4), the King James Version and the English Revised Version Jubile): The Hebrew word yobhel stands for qeren ha-yobhel, meaning the horn of a ram. Now, such a horn can be made into a trumpet, and thus the word yobhel came to be used as a synonym of trumpet. According to Leviticus 25:9 a loud trumpet should proclaim liberty throughout the country on the 10th day of the 7th month (the Day of Atonement), after the lapse of 7 sabbaths of years = 49 years. In this manner, every 50th year was to be announced as a jubilee year. All real property should automatically revert to its original owner (Leviticus 25:10; compare 25:13), and those who, compelled by poverty, had sold themselves as slaves to their brothers, should regain their liberty (Leviticus 25:10; compare 25:39).

In addition to this, the Jubilee Year was to be observed after the manner of the sabbatic year, i.e. there should be neither sowing nor reaping nor pruning of vines, and everybody was expected to live on what the fields and the vineyards produced "of themselves," and no attempt should be made at storing up the products of the land (Leviticus 25:11 f). Thus there are three distinct factors constituting the essential features of the Jubilee Year: personal liberty, restitution of property, and what we might call the simple life.

1. Personal Liberty:

The 50th year was to be a time in which liberty should be proclaimed to all the inhabitants of the country. We should, indeed, diminish the import of this institution if we should apply it only to those who were to be freed from the bonds of physical servitude. Undoubtedly, they must have been the foremost in realizing its beneficial effects. But the law was intended to benefit all, the masters as well as the servants. They should never lose sight of their being brothers and citizens of theocratic kingdom. They owed their life to God and were subject to His sovereign will. Only through loyalty to Him were they free and could ever hope to be free and independent of all other masters.

2. Restitution of Property:

The institution of the Jubilee Year should become the means of fixing the price of real property (Leviticus 25:15; compare 25:25-28); moreover, it should exclude the possibility of selling any piece of land permanently (Leviticus 25:23), the next verse furnishing the motive: "The land is mine: for ye are strangers and sojourners with me." The same rule was to be applied to dwelling-houses outside of the walled cities (Leviticus 25:31), and also to the houses owned by Levites, although they were built within walled cities (Leviticus 25:32).

In the same manner the price of Hebrew slaves was to vary according to the proximity of the Jubilee Year (Leviticus 25:47-54). This passage deals with the enslaving of a Hebrew by a foreigner living among the Jews; it goes without saying that the same rule would hold good in the case of a Hebrew selling himself to one of his own people. In Leviticus 27:17-25 we find a similar arrangement respecting such lands that were "sanctified unto Yahweh." In all these cases the original owner was at liberty to redeem his property at any time, or have it redeemed by some of his nearest relatives (25:25-27, 29, 48;; 27:19).

The crowning feature, though, was the full restitution of all real property in the Jubilee Year. The primary object of this regulation was, of course, the reversion of all hereditary property to the family which originally possessed it, and the reestablishment of the original arrangement regarding the division of the land. But that was not all; for this legal disposition and regulation of external matters was closely connected with the high calling of the Jewish people. It was a part of the Divine plan looking forward to the salvation of mankind. "The deepest meaning of it (the Jubilee Year) is to be found in the apokatastasis tes basileias tou theou, i.e. in the restoring of all that which in the course of time was perverted by man's sin, in the removing of all slavery of sin, in the establishing of the true liberty of the children of God, and in the delivering of the creation from the bondage of corruption to which it was subjected on account of man's depravity" (Romans 8:19) (compare Keil, Manual of Biblical Archaeology). In the Year of Jubilee a great future era of Yahweh's favor is foreshadowed, that period which, according to Isaiah 61:1-3, shall be ushered in to all those that labor and are heavy laden, by Him who was anointed by the spirit of the Lord Yahweh.

3. The Simple Life:

The Jubilee Year, being the crowning point of all sabbatical institutions, gave the finishing touch as it were to the whole cycle of sabbatic days, months and years. It is, therefore, quite appropriate that it should be a year of rest for the land like the preceding sabbatic year (Leviticus 25:11 f). It follows, of course, that in this instance there were two years, one after the other, in which there should be no sowing or systematic ingathering. This seems to be clear from Leviticus 25:18-22: "And ye shall sow the eighth year, and eat of the fruits, the old store; until the ninth year, until its fruits come in, ye shall eat the old store." Thus in the 7th and 8th years the people were to live on what the fields had produced in the 6th year and whatever grew spontaneously. This shows the reason why we may say that one of the factors constituting the Jubilee Year was the "simple life." They could not help but live simply for two consecutive years. Nobody can deny that this afforded ample opportunity to develop the habit of living within very limited means. And again we see that this external part of the matter did not fully come up to the intention of the Lawgiver. It was not the simple life as such that He had in view, but rather the laying down of its moral and religious foundations. In this connection we must again refer to Leviticus 25:18-22, "What shall we eat the seventh year?" The answer is very simple and yet of surpassing grandeur: "Then I will command my blessing upon you," etc. Nothing was expected of the people but faith in Yahweh and confidence in His power, which was not to be shaken by any doubtful reflection. And right here we have found the root of the simple life: no life without the true God, and no simplicity of life without true faith in Him. "Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God" (Matthew 4:4; compare Deuteronomy 8:3).

We may well ask: Did the Jewish people ever observe the Jubilee Year? There is no reason why they should not have observed it in pre-exilic times (compare Lotz in The New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, X, under the word "Sabbatical Year" and "Year of Jubilee"). Perhaps they signally failed in it, and if so, we should not be surprised at all. Not that the institution in itself was cumbered with any obstacles that could not have been overcome; but what is more common than unbelief and unwillingness to trust absolutely in Yahweh? Or, was it observed in post-exilic times? Here, too, we are in the dark. There is, indeed, a tradition according to which the Jubilee Year has never been observed-neither in the time of Ezra and Nehemiah nor at any later period. The truth of this seems to be corroborated by the silence of Josephus, who, while referring quite frequently to the sabbatic year, never once mentions the Year of Jubilee.

William Baur


sa-bat'-ik-al, shenath shabbathon; eniautos anapauseos, "a year of solemn rest"; or shabbath shabbathon; sabbata anapausis, "a sabbath of solemn rest" (Leviticus 25:4); or shehath ha-shemittah; etos tes apheseos, "the year of release" (Deuteronomy 15:9; Deuteronomy 31:10)):

1. Primary Intention:

We find the first rudiments of this institution in the so-called Covenant Book (Exodus 21-23). Its connection with the day of rest (Sabbath) is obvious, although it strikes us as somewhat remarkable that in Exodus 23:10-12 the regulation regarding the 7th year should precede the statute respecting the 7th day. Still it seems natural that after the allusion in verse 9, "Ye were sojourners in the land of Egypt," the Covenant Book should put in a good word for the poor in Israel (verse 11: "Let it rest and lie fallow, that the poor of thy people may eat"). Even the beasts of the field are remembered (compare Jonah 4:11).

We must, therefore, conclude that in this early period of the history of Israel the regulation regarding the 7th year was primarily intended for the relief of the poor and for the awakening of a sense of responsibility in the hearts of those better provided with the means of subsistence. It would be wrong, however, to deny its Sabbatic character, for the text says expressly, "But in the 7th year thou shalt let it rest" (literally, "thou shalt release it"), implying that the land was entitled to a rest because it needed it; it must be released for a time in order to gain fresh strength and insure its future fertility. Two motives, then, present themselves most clearly, one of a social, the other of an economic character, and both are rooted in God's dealings with Israel (compare Exodus 21:1).

2. Mosaic Legislation Humane:

Another evidence of the humane spirit pervading the Mosaic Law may be found in Exodus 21:2-6 where, in the case of a Hebrew slave, the length of his servitude is limited to six years. The connection with the idea of the Sabbath is evident, but we fail to detect here any reference to the Sabbatical year. It is clear that the 7th year in which a slave might be set free need not necessarily coincide with the Sabbatical year, though it might, of course, The same is true of Deuteronomy 15:12-18; it has nothing to do with the Sabbatical year. On the other hand it is reasonable to assume that the "release" mentioned in Deuteronomy 15:1-3 took place in the Sabbatical year; in other words, its scope had been enlarged in later years so as to include the release from pecuniary obligation, i.e. the remission of debts or, at least, their temporary suspension. This means that the children of Israel were now developing from a purely agricultural people to a commercial nation. Still the same spirit of compassion for the poor and those struggling for a living asserts itself as in the earlier period, and it goes without saying that the old regulation concerning the release of the land in the 7th year was still in force (compare 15:2: "because Yahweh's release hath been proclaimed").

According to Deuteronomy 15:1, this proclamation occurred at the end of every 7 years, or, rather, during the 7th year; for we must be careful not to strain the expression "at the end" (compare 15:9, where the 7th year is called "the year of release"; it is quite natural to identify this 7th year with the Sabbatical year).

Moreover, we are now almost compelled to assert the Sabbatical year by this time had become an institution observed simultaneously all over the country. From the wording of the regulation regarding the 7th year in the Covenant Book we are not certain about this in those early times. But now it is different. "Yahweh's release hath been proclaimed."

3. General Observance:

It was a solemn and general proclamation, the date of which was very likely the day of atonement in the 7th month (the Sabbatical month). The celebration of the Feast of Tabernacles (booths) began five days later and it lasted from the 15th day to the 21st of the 7th month (Tisri). In the Sabbatical year, at that time, the Law was read "before all Israel in their hearing," a fact which tends to prove that the Sabbatical year had become a matter of general and simultaneous observance (compare Deuteronomy 31:10-13). Another lesson may be deduced from this passage: it gives us a hint respecting the use to which the people may have put their leisure time during the 12 months of Sabbatical rest; it may have been a period of religious and probably other instruction.

In Leviticus 25:1-7 the central idea of the Sabbatical year is unfolded. Although it has been said we should be careful not to look for too much of the ideal and dogmatic in the institutions of the children of Israel, yet we must never lose sight of the religious and educational character even of their ancient legislation.

4. Central Idea:

One central thought is brought home to them, namely, God is the owner of the soil, and through His grace only the chosen people have come into its possession. Their time, i.e. they themselves, belong to Him: this is the deepest meaning of the day of rest; their land, i.e. their means of subsistence, belong to Him: this reveals to us the innermost significance of the year of rest. It was Yahweh's pleasure to call the children of Israel into life, and if they live and work and prosper, they are indebted to His unmerited loving-kindness. They should, therefore, put their absolute trust in Him, never doubt His word or His power, always obey Him and so always receive His unbounded blessings.

If we thus put all the emphasis on the religious character of the Sabbatical year, we are in keeping with the idea permeating the Old Testament, namely that the children of Israel are the chosen people of Yahweh. All their agricultural, social, commercial and political relations were to be built upon their divine calling and shaped according to God's sovereign will.

But did they live up to it? Or, to limit the question to our subject: Did they really observe the Sabbatical year? There are those who hold that the law regarding the Sabbatical year was not observed before the captivity. In order to prove this assertion they point to Leviticus 26:34, 43; also to 2 Chronicles 36:21. But all we can gather from these passages is the palpable conclusion that the law regarding the Sabbatical year had not been strictly obeyed, a deficiency which may mar the effect of any law.

The possibility of observing the precept respecting the Sabbatical year is demonstrated by the post-exilic history of the Jewish people. Nehemiah registers the solemn fact that the reestablished nation entered into a covenant to keep the law and to maintain the temple worship (Nehemiah 9:38; Nehemiah 10:32). In 10:31 of the last-named chapter he alludes to the 7th year, "that we would forego the 7th year, and the exaction of every debt." We are not sure of the exact meaning of this short allusion; it may refer to the Sabbatical rest of the land and the suspension of debts.

For a certainty we know that the Sabbatical year was observed by the Jews at the time of Alexander the Great. When he was petitioned by the Samaritans "that he would remit the tribute of the 7th year to them, because they did not sow therein, he asked who they were that made such a petition"; he was told they were Hebrews, etc. (Josephus, Ant, XI, viii, 6).

During Maccabean and Asmonean times the law regarding the Sabbatical year was strictly observed, although it frequently weakened the cause of the Jews (1 Maccabees 6:49, 53; Josephus, Ant, XIII, viii, 1; compare Josephus, Jewish Wars, I, ii, 4; Ant, XIV, x, 6; XV, i, 2). Again we may find references to the Sabbatical year in Josephus, Ant, XIV, xvi, 2, etc.; Tac. Hist. v.4, etc., all of which testifies to the observance of the Sabbatical year in the Herodian era. The words of Tacitus show the proud Roman's estimate of the Jewish character and customs: "For the 7th day they are said to have prescribed rest because this day ended their labors; then, in addition, being allured by their lack of energy, they also spend the 7th year in laziness."

See also ASTRONOMY, sec. I, 5, (3), (4); JUBILEE YEAR.

William Baur


yer (shanah, Aramaic shenah, "a return" (of the sun), like the Greek eniautos; yamim, "days," is also used for "year," and the Greek hemerai, corresponds to it (Joshua 13:1 Luke 17, 18); etos, is also employed frequently in the New Testament; for the difference between etos and eniautos, see Grimm-Thayer, under the word): The Hebrew year was solar, although the month was lunar, the adjustment being made in intercalation.




4070. perusi -- last year
... last year. Part of Speech: Adverb Transliteration: perusi Phonetic Spelling:
(per'-oo-si) Short Definition: last year Definition: last year, a year ago. ...
// - 6k

1763. eniautos -- a cycle of time, a year
... a cycle of time, a year. Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: eniautos
Phonetic Spelling: (en-ee-ow-tos') Short Definition: a year Definition: a year ...
// - 6k

2094. etos -- a year
... 2093, 2094. etos. 2095 . a year. Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter Transliteration:
etos Phonetic Spelling: (et'-os) Short Definition: a year Definition: a year ...
// - 6k

1062. gamos -- a wedding
... This eschatological celebration is described in Mt 22:2-10 and Rev 19:7-9 -- "and
apparently occurs at the final day of the seven-year Tribulation" (G. Archer ...
// - 7k

536. aparche -- the beginning of a sacrifice, ie the first fruit
... aparche Phonetic Spelling: (ap-ar-khay') Short Definition: the first-fruits Definition:
the first-fruits, the earliest crop of the year, hence also met., for ...
// - 6k

3797. opsimos -- the latter rain
... the latter rain. Part of Speech: Adjective Transliteration: opsimos Phonetic Spelling:
(op'-sim-os) Short Definition: late in the year Definition: late, latter. ...
// - 6k

5063. tessarakontaetes -- forty years old.
... Cognate: 5063 (from 5062 , "forty" and 2094 , "year") -- a period of . See 5062 ().
Word Origin variant reading for tesserakontaetes, qv. forty years old. ...
// - 7k

4005. pentekoste -- fiftieth, Pentecost, the second of the three ...
... [The workers could only spare one day at this season of the year because the wheat
harvest was already in process.]. Word Origin from pentekostos; an ord. num. ...
// - 7k

Strong's Hebrew
8141. shanah -- a year
... 8140, 8141. shanah. 8142 . a year. Transliteration: shanah Phonetic Spelling:
(shaw-neh') Short Definition: years. Word Origin from ...
/hebrew/8141.htm - 6k

8140. shenah -- a year
... 8139, 8140. shenah. 8141 . a year. Transliteration: shenah Phonetic Spelling:
(shen-aw') Short Definition: year. Word Origin (Aramaic ...
/hebrew/8140.htm - 6k

5212. Nisan -- first month of the Jewish religious year
... 5211, 5212. Nisan. 5213 . first month of the Jewish religious year.
Transliteration: Nisan Phonetic Spelling: (nee-sawn') Short Definition: Nisan. ...
/hebrew/5212.htm - 6k

5510. Sivan -- third month of the Jewish year
... 5509, 5510. Sivan. 5511 . third month of the Jewish year. Transliteration:
Sivan Phonetic Spelling: (see-vawn') Short Definition: Sivan. ...
/hebrew/5510.htm - 5k

3117. yom -- day
... 2), eternity (1), evening* (1), ever in your life* (1), every day (2), fate (1),
first (5), forever* (11), forevermore* (1), full (5), full year (1), future* (1 ...
/hebrew/3117.htm - 7k

2416a. chay -- alive, living
... flowing (2), fresh (1), green (1), life (7), live (44), lives (54), living (63),
living one (4), living thing (6), man living (1), next (2), next year (2), raw ...
/hebrew/2416a.htm - 5k

7969. shalosh -- a three, triad
... 11), thirteen* (12), thirteenth* (11), thirty (2), thirty-three* (7), three (267),
three things (6), three-pronged* (1), three-tenths* (8), three-year-old (1 ...
/hebrew/7969.htm - 7k

7637. shebii -- seventh (an ordinal number)
... Word Origin from sheba Definition seventh (an ord. number) NASB Word Usage
fourth (1), seventh (96), seventh year (1). seventh time. ...
/hebrew/7637.htm - 6k

7992. shelishi -- third (an ordinal number)
... Ordinal from shalowsh; third; feminine a third (part); by extension, a third (day,
year or time); specifically, a third-story cell) -- third (part, rank, time ...
/hebrew/7992.htm - 6k

4150. moed -- appointed time, place, or meeting
... Chronicles 8:13) {mo-aw-daw'}; from ya'ad; properly, an appointment, ie A fixed
time or season; specifically, a festival; conventionally a year; by implication ...
/hebrew/4150.htm - 7k


My Daily Meditation for the Circling Year
My Daily Meditation for the Circling Year. <. My Daily Meditation
for the Circling Year John Henry Jowett. E-text prepared ...
// daily meditation for the circling year/

Lyra Germanica: The Christian Year
Lyra Germanica: The Christian Year. <. Lyra Germanica: The Christian Year
Catherine Winkworth. Table of Contents. Title Page. Preface. ...
// germanica the christian year/

The Life of Duty, a Year's Plain Sermons, v. 2
The Life of Duty, a Year's Plain Sermons, v. 2. <. The Life of
Duty, a Year's Plain Sermons, v. 2 HJ Wilmot-Buxton. ...
/.../wilmot-buxton/the life of duty a years plain sermons v 2/

The History of a Year.
... Chapter VI. The History of a Year. If the view that I have ... be supplied from
the other Evangelists. That year was one of activity. ...
/.../johnson/the new testament commentary vol iii john/the history of a year.htm

The New Year
... VARIOUS The New Year. ... Here is an example from the Thanksgiving service for the New
Year. tr., John Brownlie. 8,8,8,4. I. Lord, let us feel that Thou art near,. ...
// from the morningland/the new year.htm

The Sabbath Year
... The Sabbath Year. Gerhard Ter Steegen Hebrews 4:10. Oft comes to me a blessed hour,.
A wondrous hour and still". With empty hands I lay me down,. ...
/.../bevan/hymns of ter steegen suso and others/the sabbath year.htm

The Year of Jubilee.
... ORIGINAL HYMNS HYMN CCLXIII. The Year of Jubilee. James Montgomery.
The Year of Jubilee. Fair shines the morning star; ...
/.../montgomery/sacred poems and hymns/hymn cclxiii the year of.htm

Advent the New Year.
... Advent The New Year. IV. The New Year. Composed on his journey to Gotha
after his unjust expulsion from Erfurt; as we are told ...
/.../lyra germanica second series the christian life/advent the new year.htm

A Bygone Year.
... ORIGINAL HYMNS HYMN CCLXXXIV. A Bygone Year. James Montgomery. A Bygone
Year. "For who is this that engaged his heart to approach unto Me? ...
/.../montgomery/sacred poems and hymns/hymn cclxxxiv a bygone year.htm

The Closing Year.
... THE SEASONS, ANNUAL OCCASIONS, ETC. 899. " The Closing Year. 899. LM Doddridge.
The Closing Year. 1 God of our life! thy constant ...
/.../adams/hymns for christian devotion/899 the closing year.htm

Smith's Bible Dictionary

the highest ordinary division of time. Two years were known to, and apparently used by, the Hebrews.

  1. A year of 360 days appears to have been in use in Noah's time.
  2. The year used by the Hebrews from the time of the exodus may: be said to have been then instituted, since a current month, Abib, on the 14th day of which the first Passover was kept, was then made the first month of the year. The essential characteristics of this year can be clearly determined, though we cannot fix those of any single year. It was essentially solar for the offering of productions of the earth, first-fruits, harvest produce and ingathered fruits, was fixed to certain days of the year, two of which were in the periods of great feasts, the third itself a feast reckoned from one of the former days. But it is certain that the months were lunar, each commencing with a new moon. There must therefore have been some method of adjustment. The first point to be decided is how the commencement of each gear was fixed. Probably the Hebrews determined their new year's day by the observation of heliacal or other star-risings or settings known to mark the right time of the solar year. It follows, from the determination of the proper new moon of the first month, whether by observation of a stellar phenomenon or of the forwardness of the crops, that the method of intercalation can only have been that in use after the captivity, --the addition of a thirteenth month whenever the twelfth ended too long before the equinox for the offering of the first-fruits to be made at the time fixed. The later Jews had two commencements of the year, whence it is commonly but inaccurately said that they had two years, the sacred year and the civil. We prefer to speak of the sacred and civil reckonings. The sacred reckoning was that instituted at the exodus, according to which the first month was Abib; by the civil reckoning the first month was the seventh. The interval between the two commencements was thus exactly half a year. It has been supposed that the institution at the time of the exodus was a change of commencement, not the introduction of a new year, and that thenceforward the year had two beginnings, respectively at about the vernal and the autumnal equinox. The year was divided into --
  3. Seasons . Two seasons are mentioned in the Bible, "summer" and "winter." The former properly means the time of cutting fruits, the latter that, of gathering fruits; they are therefore originally rather summer and autumn than summer and winter. But that they signify ordinarily the two grand divisions of the year, the warm and cold seasons, is evident from their use for the whole year in the expression "summer and winter." (Psalms 74:17; Zechariah 14:18)
  4. Months . [MONTHS]
  5. Weeks . [WEEKS]
ATS Bible Dictionary

The Hebrews always had years of twelve months. But at the beginning, as some suppose, they were solar years of twelve months, each month having thirty days, excepting the twelfth, which had thirty-five days. We see, by the enumeration of the days of the deluge, Genesis 7:1-8:22, that the original year consisted of three hundred and sixtyfive days. It is supposed that they had an intercalary month at the end of one hundred and twenty years, at which time the beginning of their year would be out of its place full thirty days. Subsequently, however, and throughout the history of the Jews, the year was wholly lunar, having alternately a full month of thirty days, and a defective month of twenty-nine days, thus completing their year in three hundred and fifty-four days. To accommodate this lunar year to the solar year, (365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes, and 47.7 seconds,) or the period of the revolution of the earth around the sun, and to the return of the seasons, they added a whole month after Adar, usually once in three years. This intercalary month they call Ve-adar. See MONTH.

The ancient Hebrews appear to have had no formal and established era, but to have dated from the most memorable events in their history; as from the exodus out of Egypt, Exodus 19:1 Numbers 33:38 1 Kings 6:1; from the erection of Solomon's temple, 1 Kings 8:1 9:10; and from the Babylonish captivity, Ezekiel 33:21 40:1. See SABBATICAL YEAR, and JUBILEE.

The phrase, "from two years old and under," Matthew 2:16, that is, "from a child of two years and under," is thought by some to include all the male children who had not entered their second year; and by others, all who were near the beginning of their second year, within a few months before or after. The cardinal and ordinal numbers are often used indiscriminately. Thus in Genesis 7:6,11, Noah is six hundred years old, and soon after in his six hundredth year; Christ rose from the dead "three days after," Matthew 27:63, and "on the third day," Matthew 16:21; circumcision took place when the child was "eight days old," Genesis 17:11, and "on the eighth day," Le 12:3. Compare Luke 1:59 2:21. Many slight discrepancies in chronology may be thus accounted for.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Hebrews shanah, meaning "repetition" or "revolution" (Genesis 1:14; 5:3). Among the ancient Egyptians the year consisted of twelve months of thirty days each, with five days added to make it a complete revolution of the earth round the sun. The Jews reckoned the year in two ways, (1) according to a sacred calendar, in which the year began about the time of the vernal equinox, with the month Abib; and (2) according to a civil calendar, in which the year began about the time of the autumnal equinox, with the month Nisan. The month Tisri is now the beginning of the Jewish year.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) The time of the apparent revolution of the sun trough the ecliptic; the period occupied by the earth in making its revolution around the sun, called the astronomical year; also, a period more or less nearly agreeing with this, adopted by various nations as a measure of time, and called the civil year; as, the common lunar year of 354 days, still in use among the Mohammedans; the year of 360 days, etc. In common usage, the year consists of 365 days, and every fourth year (called bissextile, or leap year) of 366 days, a day being added to February on that year, on account of the excess above 365 days (see Bissextile).

2. (n.) The time in which any planet completes a revolution about the sun; as, the year of Jupiter or of Saturn.

3. (n.) Age, or old age; as, a man in years.

Year (4027 Occurrences)
... Hebrews shanah, meaning "repetition" or "revolution" (Genesis 1:14; 5:3). Among
the ancient Egyptians the year consisted of twelve months of thirty days each ...
/y/year.htm - 26k

Year-old (6 Occurrences)
Year-old. Yearns, Year-old. Years . Multi-Version Concordance
Year-old (6 Occurrences). Exodus 12:5 Your lamb shall ...
/y/year-old.htm - 8k

Year's (8 Occurrences)
...Year's (8 Occurrences). ... Exodus 34:22 "You shall observe the feast of weeks with the
first fruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of harvest at the year's end. ...
/y/year's.htm - 8k

Three-year (1 Occurrence)
Three-year. Three-tenths, Three-year. Three-year-old . Multi-Version
Concordance Three-year (1 Occurrence). 1 Samuel ...
/t/three-year.htm - 6k

Three-year-old (1 Occurrence)
Three-year-old. Three-year, Three-year-old. Thresh . Multi-Version
Concordance Three-year-old (1 Occurrence). 1 Samuel ...
/t/three-year-old.htm - 6k

Annual (6 Occurrences)
... 1. (a.) Occurring yearly; pertaining to a year; as an annual reunion; returning
every year; coming or happening once in the year; yearly. ...
/a/annual.htm - 8k

Yearly (16 Occurrences)
... 1. (a.) Happening, accruing, or coming every year; annual; as, a yearly income;
a yearly feast. 2. (a.) Lasting a year; as, a yearly plant. ...
/y/yearly.htm - 11k

Annually (6 Occurrences)
... (adv.) Yearly; year by year. ... 1 Samuel 7:16 He went from year to year in circuit to
Bethel and Gilgal, and Mizpah; and he judged Israel in all those places. ...
/a/annually.htm - 8k

... An orderly arrangement of the division of time, adapted to the purposes of civil
life, as years, months, weeks, and days; also, a register of the year with its ...
/c/calendar.htm - 13k

Bulls (68 Occurrences)
... Numbers 7:87 all the cattle for the burnt offering twelve bulls, the rams twelve,
the male lambs a year old twelve, and their meal offering; and the male goats ...
/b/bulls.htm - 27k

Bible Concordance
Year (4027 Occurrences)

Year is found 4027 times in 12 translations.

You can narrow your search using the Advanced Bible Search.



Year of Jubilee

Year of Release

Year: A Thousand, With the Lord is Like One Day

Year: Age Computed By of Abraham

Year: Age Computed By of Jacob

Year: Annual Feasts

Year: Divided Into Months

Year: General Scriptures Concerning

Year: Land to Rest for One, in Seven

Year: Redemption of Houses Sold, Limited to One

Year: Satan to be Bound for a Thousand

Related Terms

Year-old (6 Occurrences)

Year's (8 Occurrences)

Three-year (1 Occurrence)

Three-year-old (1 Occurrence)

Annual (6 Occurrences)

Yearly (16 Occurrences)

Annually (6 Occurrences)


Bulls (68 Occurrences)

Sabbatical (1 Occurrence)

Bullocks (50 Occurrences)

Abib (5 Occurrences)

Spontaneous (5 Occurrences)

Adonijah (28 Occurrences)

Springeth (12 Occurrences)

Azari'ah (46 Occurrences)

Adar (10 Occurrences)


Vine-gardens (41 Occurrences)

Ahazi'ah (33 Occurrences)

Besieged (34 Occurrences)

Years (5873 Occurrences)

Peace-offering (46 Occurrences)


Ar-ta-xerx'es (14 Occurrences)

After (10866 Occurrences)

Belshazzar (8 Occurrences)

Sow (61 Occurrences)

Conquered (20 Occurrences)

Sixth (45 Occurrences)

Sama'ria (102 Occurrences)

Booths (24 Occurrences)

Zif (2 Occurrences)

Buyer (7 Occurrences)

Bul (1 Occurrence)

Calculate (7 Occurrences)

Cors (6 Occurrences)

Coats (29 Occurrences)

Compute (3 Occurrences)

Sale (12 Occurrences)

Sargon (1 Occurrence)

Shalmaneser (3 Occurrences)

Slavery (31 Occurrences)

Ba'asha (26 Occurrences)

Baasa (26 Occurrences)

Bullock (95 Occurrences)

Ahaziah (34 Occurrences)

Blemish (71 Occurrences)

Athaliah (17 Occurrences)

Vineyards (55 Occurrences)

Artaxerxes (14 Occurrences)

Crops (48 Occurrences)

Zedeki'ah (62 Occurrences)

Slave (148 Occurrences)

Yearling (48 Occurrences)

Asa (54 Occurrences)

Springs (59 Occurrences)

Peace-offerings (82 Occurrences)

Zerubbabel (25 Occurrences)

Beth-el (65 Occurrences)

Armenia (2 Occurrences)

Pekah (11 Occurrences)

Sacrificed (112 Occurrences)

Crop (33 Occurrences)

Succeeded (81 Occurrences)

Completion (40 Occurrences)

Vines (39 Occurrences)

Vexed (37 Occurrences)

Zedekiah's (6 Occurrences)

Ziv (2 Occurrences)

Kislev (2 Occurrences)

Baasha (26 Occurrences)

Bathing (9 Occurrences)

Canceling (3 Occurrences)

Chisleu (2 Occurrences)

Claudius (3 Occurrences)

Conspiracy (17 Occurrences)

Cycle (3 Occurrences)

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