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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

ra-am'-sez, ram'-e-sez (Exodus 1:11), (Genesis 47:11 Exodus 12:37 Numbers 33:3, 5) (ra`mecec, ra`amcec; Rhamesse; Egyptian Ra-messu, "Ra created him" (or "it")):

1. The Meaning of "Store-Cities":

One of the two "settlements" (mickenoth) built, or "built up," by the Hebrews for the Pharaoh, the other being Pithom, to which the Septuagint adds a third, namely, "On which is Heliopolis," a town near Cairo (Exodus 1:11). The Hebrew term mickenoth comes from a root meaning "to settle down" (Arabic sakan, "settlement," Assyrian sakanu or shakanu, "to set"), but it is rendered "strong cities" in Septuagint, "treasure cities" in the King James Version, and (incorrectly) "store-cities" in the Revised Version: The "land of Rameses," where Jacob and his sons settled, was apparently the "field of Zoan" (see ZOAN), thus lying in the Delta East of the Bubastic branch of the Nile.

2. The Meaning of the Name:

It is often assumed that no city called Rameses would have existed before the time of Rameses II, or the 14th century B.C., though even before Rameses I the name occurs as that of a brother of Horemhib under the XVIIIth Dynasty. The usual translation "Child of Ra" is grammatically incorrect in Egyptian and as Ra was an ancient name for the "sun" it seems possible that a town may have borne the title "Ra created it" very early. The mention of Rameses in Genesis (47:11) is often regarded as an anachronism, since no scholar has supposed that Jacob lived as late as the time of Rameses II. This would equally apply to the other notices, and at most would serve to mark the age of the passages in the Pentateuch where Rameses is mentioned, but even this cannot be thought to be proved (see EXODUS). According to De Rouge (see Pierret, Vocab. Hieroglyph., 1875, 143) there were at least three towns in Lower Egypt that bore the name Pa Rames-ses ("city of Rameses"); but Brugsch supposes that the place mentioned in the Old Testament was Zoan, to which Rameses II gave this name when making it his capital in the Delta. Dr. Budge takes the same view, while Dr. Naville and others suppose that the site of Raamses has still to be found.

3. Situation:

There appears to have been no certain tradition preserving the site, for though Silvia (about 385 A.D.) was told that it lay 4 miles from the town of Arabia (see GOSHEN), she found no traces of such a place. Brugsch ("A New City of Rameses, 1876," Aegyptische Zeitschrift, 69) places one such city in the southern part of Memphis itself. Goodwin (Rec. of Past, Old Series, VI, 11) gives an Egyptian letter describing the "city of Rameses-Miamun," which appears to be Zoan, since it was on the seacoast. It was a very prosperous city when this letter was written, and a pa-khennu or "palace city." It had canals full of fish, lakes swarming with birds, fields of lentils, melons, wheat, onions and sesame, gardens of vines, almonds and figs. Ships entered its harbor; the lotus and papyrus grew in its waters. The inhabitants greeted Rameses II with garlands of flowers. Besides wine and mead, of the "conqueror's city," beer was brought to the harbor from the Kati (in Cilicia), and oil from the "Lake Sagabi." There is no reason to suppose that Zoan was less prosperous in the early Hyksos age, when the Hebrews dwelt in its plain, whatever be the conclusion as to the date when the city Rameses received that name. The description above given agrees with the Old Testament account of the possession given by Joseph to his family "in the best of the land, in the land of Rameses" (Genesis 47:11).

C. R. Conder


ram'-e-sez, ra-me'-sez.


Strong's Hebrew
7486. Raamses -- a city in Egypt
Raamses or Rameses. 7485, 7486. Raamses or Rameses. 7487 . a city in
Egypt. Transliteration: Raamses or Rameses Phonetic Spelling ...
/hebrew/7486.htm - 6k

The Love of Rameses
... CHAPTER XXV THE LOVE OF RAMESES. By the twentieth of May, the court of Meneptah
was ready to proceed to Tanis. ... What, then, O Rameses?". ...
//christianbookshelf.org/miller/the yoke/chapter xxv the love of.htm

List of Characters and Places
... Isis,"Eye'-sis, consort to Osiris and goddess of wisdom. Jambres,"Jam'-breez, a
priest in disgrace, sometime astrologer to Rameses II and to Meneptah. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/miller/the yoke/list of characters and places.htm

Further Diplomacy
... she had wept till the creamy linen over her small face was wet and her throat hurt
under the strain of angry sobs, and until she was sure that Rameses was gone ...
//christianbookshelf.org/miller/the yoke/chapter xxvi further diplomacy.htm

The Heir Intervenes
... It proved conclusively that until this period an influence against Har-hat had been
at work upon Meneptah, and seeing that Rameses had subsided, having cause ...
//christianbookshelf.org/miller/the yoke/chapter xxvii the heir intervenes.htm

The Tomb of the Pharaoh
... This was the keeper of the tomb of Rameses the Great. ... "He decorated the tomb
of Rameses," the young man continued. "Aye, I remember. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/miller/the yoke/chapter xxiii the tomb of.htm

The First-Born
... They had harkened to Rameses when he asked for her at their hands; they had harkened
to her father and yielded him power at her sacrifice; they had even pitied ...
//christianbookshelf.org/miller/the yoke/chapter xl the first-born.htm

Antiquity of Moses.
... After him Rameses, 1 year 4 months. ... After him his sons Thoessus and Rameses, 10 years,
who, it is said, had a large cavalry force and naval equipment. ...
/.../theophilus/theophilus to autolycus/chapter xx antiquity of moses.htm

On the Way to Thebes
... he were suffering punishment for the statue, what punishment had been his for the
sacrilegious execution of the Judgment of the Dead in the tomb of Rameses II? ...
//christianbookshelf.org/miller/the yoke/chapter xxi on the way.htm

The Heir to the Throne
... suburb of Thebes. He had himself borne in a litter to the greater palace
of Rameses II, and asked an audience with Meneptah. The king ...
//christianbookshelf.org/miller/the yoke/chapter v the heir to.htm

Chapter xlvii
... And Joseph settled his father and his brethren, giving them a possession in the
land of Egypt, in the best part of the land, in the land of Rameses, as Pharaoh ...
/.../christianbookshelf.org/leupold/exposition of genesis volume 1/chapter xlvii.htm

ATS Bible Dictionary


Easton's Bible Dictionary
"the land of" (Genesis 47:11), was probably "the land of Goshen" (q.v.) 45:10. After the Hebrews had built Rameses, one of the "treasure cities," it came to be known as the "land" in which that city was built.

The city bearing this name (Exodus 12:37) was probably identical with Zoan, which Rameses II. ("son of the sun") rebuilt. It became his special residence, and ranked next in importance and magnificance to Thebes. Huge masses of bricks, made of Nile mud, sun-dried, some of them mixed with stubble, possibly moulded by Jewish hands, still Mark the site of Rameses. This was the general rendezvous of the Israelites before they began their march out of Egypt. Called also Raamses (Exodus 1:11).

Rameses (5 Occurrences)
... After the Hebrews had built Rameses, one of the "treasure cities," it came to be
known as the "land" in which that city was built. ... RAAMSES; RAMESES. ...
/r/rameses.htm - 13k

Raamses (1 Occurrence)
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. RAAMSES; RAMESES. ra-am'-sez, ram'-e-sez
(Exodus 1:11), (Genesis 47:11 Exodus 12:37 Numbers 33:3 ...
/r/raamses.htm - 10k

... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia RAAMSES; RAMESES. ra-am'-sez, ram'-e-sez
(Exodus 1:11), (Genesis 47:11 Exodus 12:37 Numbers 33:3 ...
/r/ramses.htm - 10k

Pithom (1 Occurrence)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary Egyptian, Pa-Tum, "house of Tum," the sun-god,
one of the "treasure" cities built for Pharaoh Rameses II. ...
/p/pithom.htm - 12k

Ram'eses (4 Occurrences)
Ram'eses. Rameses, Ram'eses. Ramiah . Multi-Version Concordance Ram'eses
(4 Occurrences). Genesis 47:11 And Joseph placed his father ...
/r/ram'eses.htm - 7k

Pharaoh's (72 Occurrences)
... She was in all probability the sister of Rameses, and the daughter of Seti
I. Josephus calls her Thermuthis. It is supposed by some ...
/p/pharaoh's.htm - 31k

Zoan (7 Occurrences)
... This city was also called "the Field of Zoan" (Psalm 78:12, 43) and "the Town of
Rameses" (qv), because the oppressor rebuilt and embellished it, probably by ...
/z/zoan.htm - 17k

Goshen (16 Occurrences)
... It is called "the land of Goshen" (47:27), and also simply "Goshen" (46:28), and
"the land of Rameses" (47:11; Exodus 12:37), for the towns Pithom and Rameses...
/g/goshen.htm - 19k

Kadesh (30 Occurrences)
... On the ruins of the temple of Karnak, in Egypt, has been found an inscription
recording the capture of this city by Rameses II. ...
/k/kadesh.htm - 21k

Succoth (18 Occurrences)
... W. Ewing. SUCCOTH (2). (cukkoth; Sokchoth (Exodus 12:37; Exodus 13:20 Numbers
33:5)): The first station of the Hebrews on leaving Rameses (see EXODUS). ...
/s/succoth.htm - 16k

Bible Concordance
Rameses (5 Occurrences)

Genesis 47:11 Joseph placed his father and his brothers, and gave them a possession in the land of Egypt, in the best of the land, in the land of Rameses, as Pharaoh had commanded.

Exodus 1:11 And they set over them service-masters to oppress them with their burdens. And they built store-cities for Pharaoh, Pithom and Rameses.

Exodus 12:37 The children of Israel traveled from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot who were men, besides children.

Numbers 33:3 They traveled from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; on the next day after the Passover the children of Israel went out with a high hand in the sight of all the Egyptians,

Numbers 33:5 The children of Israel traveled from Rameses, and encamped in Succoth.



Rameses or Raamses

Rameses: City of, Built by the Israelites As a Treasure City for One of the Pharaohs

Rameses: The District in Egypt Which Was Inhabited by the Israelites

Related Terms

Raamses (1 Occurrence)


Pithom (1 Occurrence)

Ram'eses (4 Occurrences)

Pharaoh's (72 Occurrences)

Zoan (7 Occurrences)

Goshen (16 Occurrences)

Kadesh (30 Occurrences)

Succoth (18 Occurrences)

Hittites (39 Occurrences)

Traveled (104 Occurrences)


Daughter (320 Occurrences)

Chushanrishathaim (2 Occurrences)

Chushan-rishathaim (2 Occurrences)

Journeyed (111 Occurrences)

Armenia (2 Occurrences)

Memphis (8 Occurrences)

Exodus (2 Occurrences)

Pharaoh (245 Occurrences)

Syria (73 Occurrences)

Moses (9295 Occurrences)

Philistines (224 Occurrences)


Tablets (31 Occurrences)


Tell (3056 Occurrences)

Noph (6 Occurrences)

Oppress (57 Occurrences)

Writing (194 Occurrences)

Iron (104 Occurrences)

Fifteenth (18 Occurrences)

Tibhath (1 Occurrence)

Tidal (2 Occurrences)

Triumphantly (3 Occurrences)

Ra'math-miz'peh (1 Occurrence)

Etham (4 Occurrences)

Moabite (13 Occurrences)

Marched (51 Occurrences)

Mixed (96 Occurrences)


Pharaoh-necoh (3 Occurrences)

Beeshterah (1 Occurrence)

Carchemish (3 Occurrences)

Caphtor (4 Occurrences)

Caphtorim (3 Occurrences)

Acco (2 Occurrences)


Ashteroth-karnaim (1 Occurrence)

Ashkelon (12 Occurrences)

Arvad (2 Occurrences)

Arvadites (1 Occurrence)

Ashtaroth (13 Occurrences)

Settled (112 Occurrences)

Service-masters (1 Occurrence)

Shur (6 Occurrences)

Settleth (1 Occurrence)

Camped (100 Occurrences)

Boldly (26 Occurrences)

Pitched (101 Occurrences)

Infants (71 Occurrences)

Moabites (26 Occurrences)

Encamped (115 Occurrences)

Started (51 Occurrences)

Six (198 Occurrences)

District (59 Occurrences)

Directed (75 Occurrences)

Joshua (211 Occurrences)

Guard (185 Occurrences)

Red (124 Occurrences)

Besides (178 Occurrences)

Encamp (108 Occurrences)

Egypt (596 Occurrences)

History (57 Occurrences)

Best (252 Occurrences)

Thousand (405 Occurrences)

Possession (251 Occurrences)

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