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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

pol: The word (on the derivation of which see Skeat, Concise Etymological Dictionary of the English Language, 360) has been eliminated as a verb in the American Standard Revised Version. In the King James Version and English Revised Version it represents the Hebrew verbs kacam, literally "to shear" (Ezekiel 44:20), gazaz, literally, "to pull out," "to uproot," thence "to shear the sheep," figuratively, "to destroy an enemy" (Micah 1:16), galach, in Piel, literally, "to make bald or roundheaded" (2 Samuel 14:26) and qatsats, "to cut off" (Jeremiah 9:26; Jeremiah 25:23; Jeremiah 49:32). The Hebrew noun is gulgoleth. As will be seen from the above enumeration, the Hebrew verb differ considerably in etymology, while Revised Version has not tried to distinguish. In Micah 1:16 we have a reference to the oriental custom of cutting or tearing one's hair as a sign of mourning for one's relatives. "Make thee bald, and cut off thy hair (King James Version and English Revised Version "poll thee," Hebrew gazaz) for the children of thy delight: enlarge thy baldness as the eagle (margin "vulture"); for they are gone into captivity from thee." The priests, the sons of Zadok, are instructed to abstain from outward resemblance to heathen patterns of priesthood: "Neither shall they shave their heads, nor suffer their locks to grow long; they shall only cut off the hair (the King James Version and the English Revised Version, "poll," Hebrew kacam) of their heads" (Ezekiel 44:20). The Piel form of galach is employed in the description of the annual hair-cutting of Absalom (2 Samuel 14:26). Thrice we find the verb "to poll" as the translation of Hebrew qatsats, where the American Standard Revised Version materially improves the translation by adopting the marginal version of the King James Version (Jeremiah 9:26; Jeremiah 25:23; Jeremiah 49:32).


The noun (gulgoleth, lit. "head") is translated "poll" in the phrase "by the poll," "by their polls" (Numbers 1:2, 18, 20, 22; Numbers 3:47 1 Chronicles 23:3, 14). The expression has its origin in the numbering of persons by their heads, in the same way in which we speak of head-tax, etc.

H. L. E. Luering

2778b. kensos -- a poll tax
... kensos. 2779 . a poll tax. Transliteration: kensos Short Definition: poll-tax.
Word Origin of Latin origin Definition a poll tax NASB Word Usage poll-tax (4). ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2778b.htm - 5k

2778. kensos -- to muzzle
... to muzzle. Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: kensos Phonetic Spelling:
(kane'-sos) Short Definition: a poll-tax Definition: a poll-tax. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2778.htm - 6k

Strong's Hebrew
1538. gulgoleth -- a skull, head, poll (of persons)
... a skull, head, poll (of persons). Transliteration: gulgoleth Phonetic Spelling:
(gul-go'-leth) Short Definition: head. ... head, every man, poll, skull. ...
/hebrew/1538.htm - 6k

1494. gazaz -- to shear
... shearing (2), sheepshearers (2), sheepshearers* (1). cut off, poll, shave, shearer.
A primitive root (akin to guwz); to cut off; specifically ...
/hebrew/1494.htm - 6k

1548. galach -- to be bald, shave, shave off
... poll, shave off. A primitive root; properly, to be bald, ie (causatively) to shave;
figuratively to lay waste -- poll, shave (off). 1547, 1548. galach. 1549 ...
/hebrew/1548.htm - 6k

3697. kasam -- to shear, clip
... root Definition to shear, clip NASB Word Usage only trim (1). only, poll. A primitive
root; to shear -- X only, poll. Compare kircem. see HEBREW kircem. ...
/hebrew/3697.htm - 6k


... CCLX. is a poll-tax register of AD.72-3, based on the Household-Enrollment of
61-2; and references to older poll-tax registers are made, which imply previous ...
//christianbookshelf.org/ramsay/was christ born in bethlehem/note.htm

Enrollment by Households in Egypt
... burdens of public service, and especially they facilitated the conscription; and
finally they gave information which aided in levying the poll-tax, determining ...
/.../ramsay/was christ born in bethlehem/chapter 7 enrollment by households.htm

Travelling in Palestine --Roads, Inns, Hospitality, Custom-House ...
... seem to have consisted of tribute, duty on salt, a third of the produce of all that
was sown, and one-half of that from fruit-trees, besides poll-tax, custom ...
/.../sketches of jewish social life/chapter 4 travelling in palestineroads.htm

Epistle iv. To Cyriacus, Bishop.
... it is rightly said through Ezekiel [1685] , Let not the priests shave their heads,
nor suffer their locks to grow long; but polling let them poll their heads ...
/.../the epistles of saint gregory the great/epistle iv to cyriacus bishop.htm

That the Ruler Relax not his Care for the Things that are Within ...
... Hence it is well said to Ezekiel, The priests shall not shave their heads, nor suffer
their locks to grow long, but polling let them poll their heads (Ezekiel ...
/.../leo/writings of leo the great/chapter vii that the ruler.htm

Concerning the Fortitude of Samson, and what Mischiefs He Brought ...
... He exhorted her also not to poll his hair, and that he should avoid all other kinds
of drink, [for so had God commanded,] and be entirely contented with water. ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 8 concerning the fortitude.htm

Concerning Festivals in Honour of Emperors, victories, and the ...
... Cæsar's? Those, to wit, about which the consultation was then held, whether
the poll-tax should be furnished to Cæsar or no. Therefore ...
/.../tertullian/on idolatry/chapter xv concerning festivals in honour.htm

Dedicatory Letter.
... as may be, and to be court fool for once in my life: if I fail, I shall at any rate
gain this advantage, that no one need buy me a fool's cap or shave my poll. ...
/.../luther/first principles of the reformation/dedicatory letter.htm

The Disputes of the Faithful to be Settled by the Decisions of the ...
... of tribute or fear; but "render to Cæsar the things that are Cæsar's, and unto God
the things that are God's," [2793] as tribute, taxes, or poll-money, as ...
/.../various/constitutions of the holy apostles/sec vi the disputes of the.htm

"But they are Gods to Us," You Say. ...
... But indeed lands burdened with tribute are of less value; men under the assessment
of a poll-tax are less noble; for these things are the marks of servitude. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/tertullian/apology/chapter xiii but they are.htm

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) A parrot; -- familiarly so called.

2. (n.) One who does not try for honors, but is content to take a degree merely; a passman.

3. (n.) The head; the back part of the head.

4. (n.) A number or aggregate of heads; a list or register of heads or individuals.

5. (n.) Specifically, the register of the names of electors who may vote in an election.

6. (n.) The casting or recording of the votes of registered electors; as, the close of the poll.

7. (n.) The place where the votes are cast or recorded; as, to go to the polls.

8. (n.) The broad end of a hammer; the but of an ax.

9. (n.) The European chub. See Pollard, 3 (a).

10. (v. t.) To remove the poll or head of; hence, to remove the top or end of; to clip; to lop; to shear; as, to poll the head; to poll a tree.

11. (v. t.) To cut off; to remove by clipping, shearing, etc.; to mow or crop; -- sometimes with off; as, to poll the hair; to poll wool; to poll grass.

12. (v. t.) To extort from; to plunder; to strip.

13. (v. t.) To impose a tax upon.

14. (v. t.) To pay as one's personal tax.

15. (v. t.) To enter, as polls or persons, in a list or register; to enroll, esp. for purposes of taxation; to enumerate one by one.

16. (v. t.) To register or deposit, as a vote; to elicit or call forth, as votes or voters; as, he polled a hundred votes more than his opponent.

17. (v. t.) To cut or shave smooth or even; to cut in a straight line without indentation; as, a polled deed. See Dee/ poll.

18. (v. i.) To vote at an election.

Poll (5 Occurrences)
... in an election. 6. (n.) The casting or recording of the votes of registered
electors; as, the close of the poll. 7. (n.) The place ...
/p/poll.htm - 12k

Poll-tax (4 Occurrences)
Poll-tax. Polls, Poll-tax. Pollute . Multi-Version Concordance
Poll-tax (4 Occurrences). Matthew 17:25 And when he came ...
/p/poll-tax.htm - 7k

Tribute (67 Occurrences)
... by agriculturists, payment being made partly in kind, partly in money, and are
contrasted with the tele of the publicans, while kensos is strictly a poll tax. ...
/t/tribute.htm - 32k

Polled (3 Occurrences)
... Noah Webster's Dictionary 1. (imp. & pp) of Poll. 2. (a.) Deprived of a
poll, or of something belonging to the poll. Specifically ...
/p/polled.htm - 7k

Taxes (19 Occurrences)
... Mention is made of the tax (telos) on merchandise and travellers (Matthew 17:25);
the annual tax (phoros) on property (Luke 20:22; 23:2); the poll-tax (kensos ...
/t/taxes.htm - 14k

Allowable (6 Occurrences)
... Allowable (6 Occurrences). Matthew 22:17 Give us your judgement therefore: is
it allowable for us to pay a poll-tax to Caesar, or not?" (WEY). ...
/a/allowable.htm - 8k

Polls (5 Occurrences)

/p/polls.htm - 8k

Pollute (42 Occurrences)

/p/pollute.htm - 19k

Home (270 Occurrences)
... Simon? the kings of the earth -- from whom do they receive custom or
poll-tax? from their sons or from the strangers?' (See RSV). ...
/h/ - 36k

Judgement (68 Occurrences)
... WEY). Matthew 22:17 Give us your judgement therefore: is it allowable for
us to pay a poll-tax to Caesar, or not?" (WEY). Matthew ...
/j/judgement.htm - 26k

Bible Concordance
Poll (5 Occurrences)

Exodus 16:16 This is the thing which Jehovah has commanded: Gather of it every man according to what he can eat, an omer a poll, according to the number of your persons: ye shall take every man for those that are in his tent.

Numbers 1:2 Take ye the sum of all the congregation of the children of Israel, after their families, by the house of their fathers, with the number of their names, every male by their polls;

Numbers 3:47 Thou shalt even take five shekels apiece by the poll, after the shekel of the sanctuary shalt thou take them: (the shekel is twenty gerahs:)

Ezekiel 44:20 Neither shall they shave their heads, nor suffer their locks to grow long; they shall only poll their heads.

Micah 1:16 Make thee bald, and poll thee for thy delicate children; enlarge thy baldness as the eagle; for they are gone into captivity from thee.


Politics: Absalom, Electioneering for the Throne

Politics: Corruption In

Politics: Corruption In of Ahasuerus

Politics: Corruption In of Darius

Politics: Ministers in Nathan, the Prophet, Influences the Selection of David's Successor

Politics: Ministers in Zadok the Priest, a Partisan of David

Politics: Pilate, Condemning Jesus to Gratify the Clamoring People

Politics: Women in Bath-Sheba, in Securing the Crown for Solomon

Politics: Women in Herodias, in Influencing the Administration of Herod

Politics: Women in Mother of Zebedee's Children, in Seeking Favor for Her Sons

Politics: Women in The Wise Woman of Abel Who Saved the City Through Diplomacy


Related Terms

Poll-tax (4 Occurrences)

Tribute (67 Occurrences)

Polled (3 Occurrences)

Taxes (19 Occurrences)

Allowable (6 Occurrences)

Polls (5 Occurrences)

Pollute (42 Occurrences)

Home (270 Occurrences)

Judgement (68 Occurrences)

Genealogy (29 Occurrences)

Home (270 Occurrences)

Terms (25 Occurrences)

Troas (6 Occurrences)

Truthful (12 Occurrences)

Takest (17 Occurrences)

Rabbi (51 Occurrences)

Recognize (52 Occurrences)

Duly (2 Occurrences)

Distinctions (15 Occurrences)

Politarchs (2 Occurrences)

Punishments (31 Occurrences)

Current (4 Occurrences)

Capitation (1 Occurrence)

Colony (1 Occurrence)

Scrutiny (3 Occurrences)

Skull (7 Occurrences)

Taxing (3 Occurrences)

Head (4291 Occurrences)

Tax (43 Occurrences)

God's (602 Occurrences)

Delights (39 Occurrences)

Pharaoh (245 Occurrences)

Delicate (32 Occurrences)

Money (284 Occurrences)

Eagle (27 Occurrences)

Polling (1 Occurrence)

Fear (970 Occurrences)

Human (133 Occurrences)

Empire (8 Occurrences)

Roman (26 Occurrences)


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