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International Standard Bible EncyclopediaPOISON
poi'-z'-n (chemah, ro'-sh; thumos, ios): Residents in Palestine must, from the first, have been acquainted with venomous serpents. Six species of these are widely diffused in the land, and at least three of them are fairly common in places. Besides, there are scorpions, centipedes and the large spider, which are as much dreaded by the fellahin as are the serpents, not to speak of the minor but very serious discomforts of mosquitoes, sandflies and ticks, some of which were credited with lethal powers. In The Wisdom of Solomon 16:9 the Revised Version (British and American) we read that "the bites of locusts and flies did slay, and there was not found a healing for their life." There are also many poisonous plants, such as belladonna, henbane, thorn apple, and the opium poppy. None of these is mentioned in the Bible; the only names found there are the hemlock (Conium maculatum) of Hosea 10:4, the poisonous gourd (Citrullus colocynthis) of 2 Kings 4:39, and the grapes of gall, probably the fruit of Calotropis procera, the apples of Sodom of Josephus (BJ, IV, viii, 4). Some, however, believe that these are poppyheads. Poisonous waters are referred to at Marah (Exodus 15:23) and Jericho (2 Kings 2:19). There are no direct records of any person dying of poison except in 2 Maccabees 10:13, where the suicide of Ptolemy Macron is related. our Lord's promise in the appendix to Mark 16:18 shows, however, that poisons were known and might be administered by way of ordeal, as was the unknown "water of jealousy" (Numbers 5:17). In this connection the story in Eusebius (Historia Ecclesiastica, III, 39) is interesting, that "Justus surnamed Barsabbas, though he drank a deadly poison, suffered no injury, through the grace of the Lord." The passages in which poisonous serpents are mentioned are Deuteronomy 32:24, where serpents (the Revised Version (British and American) "crawling things") of the dust, probably Cerastes hasselquistii, the little horned vipers, are mentioned, and in Deuteronomy 32:33: "poison of serpents, and the cruel venom of asps." The asp may be the cobra Naia haje, not uncommon on the borders of the wilderness to the South. Psalm 58:4 mentions the poison of serpents. Psalm 140:3, "They have sharpened their tongue like a serpent; adders' poison is under their lips," indicates, what is still a common belief, that the forked tongue of the snake is the poison-bearer. This is referred to in James 3:8. That it was the fang and not the tongue which carried the poison was known to Pliny (xi.62). This verse of Psalm 140 is given in Paul's composite quotation in Romans 3:13. There may be a reference to the giving of an intoxicant poison in Habakkuk 2:15, where the Revised Version (British and American) reads "that addest thy venom." The prophets speak in several places of God's wrath as a cup of trembling (the Revised Version (British and American) "staggering"), e.g. Isaiah 51:17, 22, probably suggested by the fact that chemah primarily means "fury" and is used in that sense in more than a hundred passages. In Zechariah 12:2 Jerusalem is to be such a "cup of reeling unto all the peoples round about."
Greek2447. ios -- rust, poison
... rust, poison. Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: ios Phonetic Spelling:
(ee-os') Short Definition: poison, rust Definition: poison, rust; an arrow ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2447.htm - 6k
5521. chole -- gall (a bitter herb)
4088. pikria -- bitterness
2759. kentron -- a sharp point
Strong's Hebrew4846. merorah -- a bitter thing, gall, poison
... merorah or merorah. 4847 . a bitter thing, gall, poison. Transliteration: merorah
or merorah Phonetic Spelling: (mer-o-raw') Short Definition: bitter. ...
/hebrew/4846.htm - 6k
7219. rosh -- (bitter and poisonous herb) venom
2534. chemah -- heat, rage
891. beushim -- stinking or worthless (things), wild grapes
The Poison and the Antidote
July the Thirtieth Sin as Poison
Abstain from the Poison of Heretics.
Pheroras's Wife is Accused by his Freedmen, as Guilty of Poisoning ...
Herod is Made Procurator of all Syria; Malichus is Afraid of Him ...
The Anti-Missionary Agitation.
To Gregory xi
God's Cup of Myrrh
Easton's Bible Dictionary
(2.) Hebrews rosh, "a head," a poisonous plant (Deuteronomy 29:18), growing luxuriantly (Hosea 10:4), of a bitter taste (Psalm 69:21; Lamentations 3:5), and coupled with wormwood; probably the poppy. This word is rendered "gall", q.v., (Deuteronomy 29:18; 32:33; Psalm 69:21; Jeremiah 8:14, etc.), "hemlock" (Hosea 10:4; Amos 6:12), and "poison" (Job 20:16), "the poison of asps," showing that the rosh was not exclusively a vegetable poison.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary1. (n.) Any agent which, when introduced into the animal organism, is capable of producing a morbid, noxious, or deadly effect upon it; as, morphine is a deadly poison; the poison of pestilential diseases.
2. (n.) That which taints or destroys moral purity or health; as, the poison of evil example; the poison of sin.
3. (n.) To put poison upon or into; to infect with poison; as, to poison an arrow; to poison food or drink.
4. (n.) To injure or kill by poison; to administer poison to.
5. (n.) To taint; to corrupt; to vitiate; as, vice poisons happiness; slander poisoned his mind.
ThesaurusPoison (17 Occurrences)
... (1.) Hebrews hemah, "heat," the poison of certain venomous reptiles (Deuteronomy
32:24, 33; Job 6:4; Psalm 58:4), causing inflammation. ...
/p/poison.htm - 17k
Poison-snake (4 Occurrences)
Poison-snakes (3 Occurrences)
Poison-plant (1 Occurrence)
Snakes (25 Occurrences)
Venom (8 Occurrences)
Gall (17 Occurrences)
Deadly (31 Occurrences)
Snake (43 Occurrences)
Venomous (4 Occurrences)
Bible ConcordancePoison (17 Occurrences)
Mark 16:18 They shall take up venomous snakes, and if they drink any deadly poison it shall do them no harm whatever. They shall lay their hands on the sick, and the sick shall recover."
Romans 3:13 "Their throat is an open tomb. With their tongues they have used deceit." "The poison of vipers is under their lips;"
James 3:8 But nobody can tame the tongue. It is a restless evil, full of deadly poison.
Deuteronomy 29:18 So that there may not be among you any man or woman or family or tribe whose heart is turned away from the Lord our God today, to go after other gods and give them worship; or any root among you whose fruit is poison and bitter sorrow;
Deuteronomy 32:24 They shall be wasted with hunger, and devoured with burning heat and bitter destruction. I will send the teeth of animals on them, With the poison of crawling things of the dust.
Deuteronomy 32:32 For their vine is of the vine of Sodom, And of the fields of Gomorrah: Their grapes are grapes of poison, Bitter are their clusters;
Deuteronomy 32:33 Their wine is the poison of serpents, The cruel venom of asps.
Job 6:4 For the arrows of the Almighty are within me. My spirit drinks up their poison. The terrors of God set themselves in array against me.
Job 20:14 His food becomes bitter in his stomach; the poison of snakes is inside him.
Job 20:16 He shall suck the poison of asps: the viper's tongue shall slay him.
Psalms 58:4 Their poison is like the poison of a snake; like a deaf cobra that stops its ear,
Psalms 69:21 They gave me also gall for my food; And in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.
Psalms 140:3 They have sharpened their tongues like a serpent. Viper's poison is under their lips. Selah.
Jeremiah 51:39 When they are heated, I will make their feast, and I will make them drunken, that they may rejoice, and sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, saith Jehovah.
Lamentations 3:19 Keep in mind my trouble and my wandering, the bitter root and the poison.
Hosea 7:5 A day of our king! Princes have polluted themselves 'with' the poison of wine, He hath drawn out his hand with scorners.
Amos 6:12 Do horses run on the rocky crags? Does one plow there with oxen? But you have turned justice into poison, and the fruit of righteousness into bitterness;
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