International Standard Bible EncyclopediaPLEAD
pled: In modern non-legal English is a synonym of "pray" or "beseech," but in legal phraseology "plea," "plead," and "pleading" have a great variety of technical meanings, with "present a case before the court" as the idea common to all. All the uses of "plead" in English Versions of the Bible are connected with this legal sense, so that outside of the set phrase "plead a cause" (1 Samuel 24:15, etc.) there is hardly a use of the word in the King James Version, the English Revised Version, or the American Standard Revised Version that is clear modern English The most obscure instances are due to The King James Version's employment of "plead" to translate the niphal of shaphaT. ShaphaT means "judge," so its niphal means "bring oneself into a case to be judged," "enter into controversy with," and so "plead" in the legal sense. Hence, "None pleadeth in truth" (Isaiah 59:4) means "none of their lawsuits are honest." Accordingly, when God is said to "plead with" man (Isaiah 66:16 the King James Version, the English Revised Version, etc.), the meaning is that God states His side of the case and not at all that He supplicates man to repent. And this statement by God is a judicial act that of course admits of no reply. Hence, the Revised Version (British and American) has changed "plead with" into "enter into judgment with" in Jeremiah 2:35, and the American Standard Revised Version has carried this change into all the other passages (Jeremiah 25:31 Ezekiel 17:20; Ezekiel 20:35, 36; 38:22), with "execute judgment" in Isaiah 66:16 Joel 3:2. The same verb form occurs also in Isaiah 43:26: "Let us plead together," where "Let us present our arguments on both sides" would be a fair paraphrase. Otherwise "plead" usually represents ribh, for which the Revised Version (British and American) gives "strive" in place of "plead" in Psalm 35:1, and "contend" in Job 13:19; Job 23:6 (the American Standard Revised Version also in Judges 6:31, 32 Isaiah 3:13 Jeremiah 2:9; Jeremiah 12:1 Hosea 2:2, retaining "plead" only in Isaiah 1:17 and in the phrase "plead a cause"). yakhach, is rendered "plead" in Job 19:5 ("plead against me my reproach," where the meaning is "convict me of"), in Micah 6:2 the King James Version and the English Revised Version (the American Standard Revised Version "contend"), and Job 16:21 the King James Version (the Revised Version (British and American) "maintain the right"). "Plead" is used also for din, in Jeremiah 30:13 and Proverbs 31:9 the King James Version (the Revised Version (British and American) "minister justice to"), and Jeremiah 5:28 the Revised Version (British and American) (the King James Version "judge"; compare Jeremiah 22:16, the King James Version and the Revised Version (British and American) "judge"). the Revised Version (British and American) would have done vastly better if the use of "plead" had been avoided altogether.
Greek5241. huperentugchano -- to intercede, to make petition for
... Word Origin from huper and entugchano Definition to intercede, to make petition
for NASB Word Usage intercedes (1). to plead, intercede. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/5241.htm - 7k
1344. dikaioo -- to show to be righteous, declare righteous
1793. entugchano -- to chance upon, by impl. confer with, by ext. ...
3870. parakaleo -- to call to or for, to exhort, to encourage
Strong's Hebrew7378. rib -- to strive, contend
... 2), contend (22), contended (9), contends (1), dispute (1), ever strive (1), filed
(1), find fault (1), have a quarrel (1), judge (1), plead (9), plead my case ...
/hebrew/7378.htm - 6k
3198. yakach -- to decide, adjudge, prove
8199. shaphat -- to judge, govern
1245. baqash -- to seek
7379. rib -- strife, dispute
1777. din -- to judge
Rogation Days 183. Lord, in Thy Name Thy Servants Plead
"We have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the Righteous. ...
The Sinner Stripped of his Vain Pleas.
Revelation of Esdras.
The Sinner Arraigned and Convicted.
Two visitors by Night
"And if any Man Sin, we have an Advocate with the Father,",
The Poor Man's Friend
The Importunate Widow.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary1. (p. p.) of Plead.
2. (v. t.) To argue in support of a claim, or in defense against the claim of another; to urge reasons for or against a thing; to attempt to persuade one by argument or supplication; to speak by way of persuasion; as, to plead for the life of a criminal; to plead with a judge or with a father.
3. (v. t.) To present an answer, by allegation of fact, to the declaration of a plaintiff; to deny the plaintiff's declaration and demand, or to allege facts which show that ought not to recover in the suit; in a less strict sense, to make an allegation of fact in a cause; to carry on the allegations of the respective parties in a cause; to carry on a suit or plea.
4. (v. t.) To contend; to struggle.
5. (v. t.) To discuss, defend, and attempt to maintain by arguments or reasons presented to a tribunal or person having authority to determine; to argue at the bar; as, to plead a cause before a court or jury.
6. (v. t.) To allege or cite in a legal plea or defense, or for repelling a demand in law; to answer to an indictment; as, to plead usury; to plead statute of limitations; to plead not guilty.
ThesaurusPlead (64 Occurrences)
... Noah Webster's Dictionary 1. (pp) of Plead. 2. (vt) To argue in support
of a claim, or in defense against the claim of another; to ...
/p/plead.htm - 31k
Whilst (21 Occurrences)
Pleadeth (9 Occurrences)
Pleaded (21 Occurrences)
Defend (38 Occurrences)
Plea (35 Occurrences)
Gideon (45 Occurrences)
Vindicate (18 Occurrences)
Jerubbaal (15 Occurrences)
Prostitutions (6 Occurrences)
Bible ConcordancePlead (64 Occurrences)
Matthew 18:29 "So his fellow servant fell down at his feet and begged him, saying,'Have patience with me, and I will repay you!'
Luke 13:26 "Then you will plead, "'We have eaten and drunk in your company and you have taught in our streets.'
Romans 11:2 God didn't reject his people, which he foreknew. Or don't you know what the Scripture says about Elijah? How he pleads with God against Israel:
Romans 12:1 I plead with you therefore, brethren, by the compassionsof God, to present all your faculties to Him as a living and holy sacrifice acceptable to Him. This with you will be an act of reasonable worship.
Philippians 4:2 I exhort Euodia, and I exhort Syntyche, to think the same way in the Lord.
Hebrews 7:25 Hence too He is able to save to the uttermost those who come to God through Him, seeing that He ever lives to plead for them.
Genesis 6:3 And Jehovah said, My Spirit shall not always plead with Man; for he indeed is flesh; but his days shall be a hundred and twenty years.
Exodus 9:28 make ye supplication unto Jehovah, and plead that there be no voices of God and hail, and I send you away, and ye add not to remain.'
Judges 6:31 And Joash said unto all that stood against him, Will ye plead for Baal? will ye save him? he that will plead for him, let him be put to death whilst it is yet morning: if he be a god, let him plead for himself, because one hath cast down his altar.
Judges 6:32 Therefore on that day he called him Jerubbaal, saying, Let Baal plead against him, because he hath thrown down his altar.
Judges 21:22 and it hath been, when their fathers or their brethren come in to plead unto us, that we have said unto them, Favour us 'by' them, for we have not taken 'to' each his wife in battle, for ye -- ye have not given to them at this time 'that' ye are guilty.'
1 Samuel 2:36 Then it will be that the rest of your family, anyone who has not been cut off, will go down on his knees to him for a bit of silver or a bit of bread, and say, Be pleased to put me into one of the priest's places so that I may have a little food.
1 Samuel 12:7 Now therefore stand still, that I may plead with you before Yahweh concerning all the righteous acts of Yahweh, which he did to you and to your fathers.
1 Samuel 24:15 May Yahweh therefore be judge, and give sentence between me and you, and see, and plead my cause, and deliver me out of your hand."
1 Kings 8:47 yet if they shall repent in the land where they are carried captive, and turn again, and make supplication to you in the land of those who carried them captive, saying,'We have sinned, and have done perversely; we have dealt wickedly;'
2 Chronicles 6:37 yet if they shall repent themselves in the land where they are carried captive, and turn again, and make supplication to you in the land of their captivity, saying, We have sinned, we have done perversely, and have dealt wickedly;
Esther 4:8 Also he gave him the copy of the writing of the decree that was given out in Shushan to destroy them, to show it unto Esther, and to declare it unto her; and to charge her that she should go in unto the king, to make supplication unto him, and to make request before him, for her people.
Job 8:5 If you want to seek God diligently, make your supplication to the Almighty.
Job 9:15 Though I were righteous, yet I wouldn't answer him. I would make supplication to my judge.
Job 9:19 If I speak of strength, lo, he is strong: and if of judgment, who shall set me a time to plead?
Job 13:8 Will you show partiality to him? Will you contend for God?
Job 13:19 Who is he that will plead with me? for now, if I hold my tongue, I shall give up the ghost.
Job 16:21 O that one might plead for a man with God, as a man pleadeth for his neighbour!
Job 19:5 If indeed you will magnify yourselves against me, and plead against me my reproach;
Job 23:6 Will he plead against me with his great power? No; but he would put strength in me.
Job 35:9 "By reason of the multitude of oppressions they cry out. They cry for help by reason of the arm of the mighty.
Psalms 35:1 Plead my cause, O LORD, with them that strive with me: fight against them that fight against me.
Psalms 43:1 Vindicate me, God, and plead my cause against an ungodly nation. Oh, deliver me from deceitful and wicked men.
Psalms 74:22 Arise, God! Plead your own cause. Remember how the foolish man mocks you all day.
Psalms 119:154 Plead my cause, and redeem me! Revive me according to your promise.
Proverbs 18:17 He who pleads his cause first seems right; until another comes and questions him.
Proverbs 18:23 The poor plead for mercy, but the rich answer harshly.
Proverbs 22:23 for Yahweh will plead their case, and plunder the life of those who plunder them.
Proverbs 23:11 for their Defender is strong. He will plead their case against you.
Proverbs 25:9 Thy cause plead with thy neighbour, And the secret counsel of another reveal not,
Proverbs 28:4 Those forsaking the law praise the wicked, Those keeping the law plead against them.
Proverbs 31:9 Open thy mouth, judge righteously, and plead the cause of the poor and needy.
Isaiah 1:17 Learn to do well. Seek justice. Relieve the oppressed. Judge the fatherless. Plead for the widow."
Isaiah 3:13 The LORD standeth up to plead, and standeth to judge the people.
Isaiah 43:26 Put me in remembrance. Let us plead together. Set forth your case, that you may be justified.
Isaiah 45:14 The Lord says, The workmen of Egypt, and the traders of Ethiopia, and the tall Sabaeans, will come over the sea to you, and they will be yours; they will go after you; in chains they will come over: and they will go down on their faces before you, and will make prayer to you, saying, Truly, God is among you; and there is no other God.
Isaiah 66:16 For by fire and by his sword will the LORD plead with all flesh: and the slain of the LORD shall be many.
Jeremiah 2:9 Wherefore I will yet plead with you, saith the LORD, and with your children's children will I plead.
Jeremiah 2:29 Wherefore will ye plead with me? ye all have transgressed against me, saith the LORD.
Jeremiah 2:35 Yet thou sayest, Because I am innocent, surely his anger shall turn from me. Behold, I will plead with thee, because thou sayest, I have not sinned.
Jeremiah 5:28 They are grew fat, they shine: yes, they overpass in deeds of wickedness; they don't plead the cause, the cause of the fatherless, that they may prosper; and the right of the needy they don't judge.
Jeremiah 7:16 Therefore pray not thou for this people, neither lift up cry nor prayer for them, neither make intercession to Me; for I will not hear thee.
Jeremiah 12:1 Righteous art thou, O LORD, when I plead with thee: yet let me talk with thee of thy judgments: Wherefore doth the way of the wicked prosper? wherefore are all they happy that deal very treacherously?
Jeremiah 15:11 Yahweh said, Most certainly I will strengthen you for good; most certainly I will cause the enemy to make supplication to you in the time of evil and in the time of affliction.
Jeremiah 25:31 A noise shall come even to the ends of the earth; for the LORD hath a controversy with the nations, he will plead with all flesh; he will give them that are wicked to the sword, saith the LORD.
Jeremiah 27:18 But if they be prophets, and if the word of Yahweh be with them, let them now make intercession to Yahweh of Armies, that the vessels which are left in the house of Yahweh, and in the house of the king of Judah, and at Jerusalem, don't go to Babylon.
Jeremiah 30:13 There is none to plead your cause, that you may be bound up: you have no healing medicines.
Jeremiah 50:34 Their Redeemer is strong; Yahweh of Armies is his name: he will thoroughly plead their cause, that he may give rest to the earth, and disquiet the inhabitants of Babylon.
Jeremiah 51:36 Therefore thus says Yahweh: Behold, I will plead your cause, and take vengeance for you; and I will dry up her sea, and make her fountain dry.
Ezekiel 17:20 And I will spread my net upon him, and he shall be taken in my snare, and I will bring him to Babylon, and will plead with him there for his trespass that he hath trespassed against me.
Ezekiel 20:35 And I will bring you into the wilderness of the people, and there will I plead with you face to face.
Ezekiel 20:36 Like as I pleaded with your fathers in the wilderness of the land of Egypt, so will I plead with you, saith the Lord GOD.
Ezekiel 38:22 And I will plead against him with pestilence and with blood; and I will rain upon him, and upon his bands, and upon the many people that are with him, an overflowing rain, and great hailstones, fire, and brimstone.
Daniel 2:18 that they would desire mercies of the God of heaven concerning this secret; that Daniel and his companions should not perish with the rest of the wise men of Babylon.
Hosea 2:2 Plead with your mother, plead: for she is not my wife, neither am I her husband: let her therefore put away her whoredoms out of her sight, and her adulteries from between her breasts;
Joel 3:2 I will also gather all nations, and will bring them down into the valley of Jehoshaphat, and will plead with them there for my people and for my heritage Israel, whom they have scattered among the nations, and parted my land.
Micah 6:1 Listen now to what Yahweh says: "Arise, plead your case before the mountains, and let the hills hear what you have to say.
Micah 6:2 Hear ye, O mountains, the LORD's controversy, and ye strong foundations of the earth: for the LORD hath a controversy with his people, and he will plead with Israel.
Micah 7:9 I will bear the indignation of Yahweh, because I have sinned against him, until he pleads my case, and executes judgment for me. He will bring me forth to the light. I will see his righteousness.
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