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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

miz'-ra-im (mitsrayim):

(1) A son of Ham, and ancestor of various peoples, Ludim, Anamim, etc. (Genesis 10:6, 13 1 Chronicles 1:8, 11).


(2) The name of Egypt.


The land of Ham.-cham, was another name for the land of Egypt. It occurs only in Psalm 105:23, 17; Psalm 106:22 Psalm 78:51 probably refers to the land of Ham, though it may refer to the children of Ham. The origin and significance of this name are involved in much obscurity. Two improbable etymologies and one probable etymology for Ham as a name of Egypt have been proposed, and the improbable ones very much urged:

(1) Ham is often thought to be a Hebrew appropriation of the Egyptian name "Kemt," a name for the "black land" as distinguished from "desherr," the red land of the desert which surrounded it. This etymology is very attractive, but phonetically very improbable to say the least.

(2) Ham has sometimes been connected directly with cham, the second son of Noah whose descendants under the name Mitsraim occupied a part of Northeastern Africa. But as there is no trace of this name among the Egyptians and no use of it in the historical books of the Old Testament, this can hardly be said to be a probable derivation of the word.

(3) There is a third proposed etymology for Ham which connects it ultimately but indirectly with Ham, the second son of Noah. Some of the earliest sculptures yet found in Egypt represent the god Min (Menu; compare Koptos by Professor Petrie). This god seems also to have been called Khem, a very exact Egyptian equivalent for Cham, Ham, the second son of Noah and the ancestor of the Hamitic people of Egypt. That Ham the son of Noah should be deified in the Egyptian pantheon is not surprising. The sensuality of this god Min or Khem also accords well with the reputation for licentiousness borne by Ham the son of Noah. These facts suggest very strongly a trace in Egyptian mythology of the actual history of the movements of Hamitic people.

(4) While the preceding division (3) probably states the real explanation of the early name of Egypt, it still remains to be noted that the use of the name Ham by the Psalmist may be entirely poetic. Until it be found that the name Ham was applied to Egypt by other writers of that period it will ever be in some measure unlikely that the Psalmist was acquainted with the mythological use of the name Ham in Egypt, and so, in equal measure, probable that he meant nothing more than to speak of the land of the descendants of Ham the son of Noah.

See also HAM.

M. G. Kyle

Strong's Hebrew
6047. Anamim -- a tribe desc. from Mizraim, probably located in or ...
... Anamim. 6048 . a tribe desc. from Mizraim, probably located in or near Eg. ... from
Mizraim, probably located in or near Eg. NASB Word Usage Anam (1), Anamim (1). ...
/hebrew/6047.htm - 6k

3695. Kasluchim -- a people desc. from Mizraim, probably ancestors ...
... a people desc. from Mizraim, probably ancestors of the Philistines. Transliteration:
Kasluchim Phonetic Spelling: (kas-loo'-kheem) Short Definition: Casluh. ...
/hebrew/3695.htm - 6k

3732. Kaphtori -- descendant of Mizraim, also their land
... 3731, 3732. Kaphtori. 3733 . descendant of Mizraim, also their land.
Transliteration: Kaphtori Phonetic Spelling: (kaf-to-ree') Short Definition: Caphtorim ...
/hebrew/3732.htm - 6k

3853. Lehabim -- a tribe desc. from Mizraim
... from Mizraim. Transliteration: Lehabim Phonetic Spelling: (leh-haw-beem') Short
Definition: Lehab. ... from Mizraim NASB Word Usage Lehab (1), Lehabim (1). Lehabim. ...
/hebrew/3853.htm - 6k

5320. Naphtuchim -- a tribe desc. from Mizraim
... from Mizraim. Transliteration: Naphtuchim Phonetic Spelling: (naf-too-kheem) Short
Definition: Naphtuh. ... from Mizraim NASB Word Usage Naphtuh (1), Naphtuhim (1). ...
/hebrew/5320.htm - 6k

3866. Ludim -- a tribe desc. from Mizraim
... 3865, 3866. Ludim. 3867 . a tribe desc. from Mizraim. Transliteration:
Ludim Phonetic Spelling: (loo-dee') Short Definition: Ludim. ...
/hebrew/3866.htm - 6k

6625. Pathrusim -- a tribe, desc. from Mizraim, which inhab. S. Eg ...
... Pathrusim. 6626 . a tribe, desc. from Mizraim, which inhab. S. Eg. ... Word Origin
from Pathros Definition a tribe, desc. from Mizraim, which inhab. S. Eg. ...
/hebrew/6625.htm - 6k

67. Abel Mitsrayim -- "meadow of Egypt," a place East of the ...
... "meadow of Egypt," a place East of the Jordan. Transliteration: Abel Mitsrayim Phonetic
Spelling: (aw-bale' mits-rah'-yim) Short Definition: Abel-mizraim. ...
/hebrew/67.htm - 6k

4714. Mitsrayim -- a son of Ham, also his desc. and their country ...
... and their country in NW Africa NASB Word Usage Egypt (588), Egypt's (2), Egyptian
(1), Egyptians (87), Mizraim (4). Egypt, Egyptians, Mizraim. ...
/hebrew/4714.htm - 6k


Of the Generations of the Three Sons of Noah.
... From him Scripture returns to Ham's other son, Mizraim; and his sons are
enumerated, not as seven individuals, but as seven nations. ...
/.../augustine/city of god/chapter 3 of the generations of.htm

At the Well
... "The faithful of Israel have been summoned thither from the remotenesses of Mizraim.". ...
"The evilest tie and the strongest between Israel and Mizraim!". ...
//christianbookshelf.org/miller/the yoke/chapter xxxvii at the well.htm

Choosing the Tens
... Deborah. The prophetess went on: "Israel hath been a green tree, carried
hither in seed and grown in the wheat-fields of Mizraim. The ...
//christianbookshelf.org/miller/the yoke/chapter i choosing the tens.htm

The Margin of the Nile
... "Aye!" she exclaimed, "and thou hast given tongue to the same estimate of Israel,
which hath wrought consternation among the powers of Mizraim. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/miller/the yoke/chapter xiv the margin of.htm

Chapter x
... (See figure 363). 6. And the sons of Ham: Cush and Mizraim and Put and Canaan. ... The
Tell-el-Amarna Tablets call the land Kashi. "Mizraim" definitely is Egypt. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/leupold/exposition of genesis volume 1/chapter x.htm

... The sons of Mizraim, son of Ham, who first found out this fertile country, were
a very clever race, and made the most of the riches of the place. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/yonge/the chosen people/lesson iii egypt.htm

Rachel's Refuge
... "She departed out of the land of Mizraim before her people.". And this was prophecy.
Thus was Rachel left, but for Masanath, entirely alone. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/miller/the yoke/chapter xxxii rachels refuge.htm

The History after the Flood.
... And another son of Shem, the son of Noah, by name Mizraim, begat Ludim, and those
called Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim, and Pathrusim, and Casluhim, out ...
/.../theophilus/theophilus to autolycus/chapter xxxi the history after the.htm

List of Characters and Places
... Ramesu. Mesu,"May'-soo, Moses, the Law-giver. Mizraim,"Miz'-ray-im, the
Hebrew name for Egypt. Mut,"Moot, the mother goddess. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/miller/the yoke/list of characters and places.htm

Jewish Chronology Continued.
... And among Ham's children are: Canaan, [1071] from whom came the Canaanites; Mizraim,
from whom the Egyptians; Cush, from whom the Ethiopians; and Phut, from ...
/.../the refutation of all heresies/chapter xxvii jewish chronology continued.htm

Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary


ATS Bible Dictionary

A son of Ham, and father of various African races, Genesis 10:6, but particularly of the Egyptians, to whom his name was given. Mizraim is also the Hebrew word for Egypt in the Bible, and this country is still called Misr in Arabic.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
The dual form of matzor, meaning a "mound" or "fortress," the name of a people descended from Ham (Genesis 10:6, 13; 1 Chronicles 1:8, 11). It was the name generally given by the Hebrews to the land of Egypt (q.v.), and may denote the two Egypts, the Upper and the Lower. The modern Arabic name for Egypt is Muzr.
A'bel-Mizraim (1 Occurrence)
A'bel-Mizraim. Abel-mizraim, A'bel-Mizraim. Abel's . Multi-Version
Concordance A'bel-Mizraim (1 Occurrence). Genesis ...
/a/a'bel-mizraim.htm - 6k

Mizraim (5 Occurrences)
...MIZRAIM. miz'-ra-im (mitsrayim): (1) A son of Ham, and ancestor of various peoples,
Ludim, Anamim, etc. ... Multi-Version Concordance Mizraim (5 Occurrences). ...
/m/mizraim.htm - 11k

Abel-mizraim (1 Occurrence)
Abel-mizraim. Abelmizraim, Abel-mizraim. A'bel-Mizraim . Easton's Bible Dictionary ...
Its site is unknown. Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. ABEL-MIZRAIM. ...
/a/abel-mizraim.htm - 8k

Naphtuhim (2 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary A Hamitic tribe descended from Mizraim (Genesis
10:13). Others identify this word with Napata, the name ...
/n/naphtuhim.htm - 8k

Anamim (2 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary The name of an Egyptian tribe descended from Mizraim
(Genesis 10:13; 1 Chronicles 1:11). Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. ANAMIM. ...
/a/anamim.htm - 7k

Lehabim (2 Occurrences)
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia LEHABIM. le-ha'-bim (lehdbhim): Named in
Genesis 10:13 1 Chronicles 1:11 as descendants of Mizraim. ...
/l/lehabim.htm - 7k

Ludim (3 Occurrences)
... Ludites"; Loud, Loudieim; Targum Onk: ludha'e): 1. Two Different Nationalities:
In Genesis 10:13 Ludim appears as the firstborn of Mizraim (Egypt), and in 10 ...
/l/ludim.htm - 11k

Lud (10 Occurrences)
... (2.) One of the Hamitic tribes descended from Mizraim (Genesis 10:13), a
people of Africa (Ezek. 27:10; 30:5), on the west of Egypt. ...
/l/lud.htm - 13k

Abelmizraim (1 Occurrence)
... for Jacob (Genesis 50:4-11). Its site is unknown. Int. Standard Bible
Encyclopedia. ABEL-MIZRAIM. a'-bel-miz'-ra-im ('abhel mitsrayim ...
/a/abelmizraim.htm - 8k

Atad (2 Occurrences)
... the remains of their father Jacob, made for seven days a "great and very sore
lamentation." On this account the Canaanites called it "Abel-mizraim" (Genesis 50 ...
/a/atad.htm - 7k

Bible Concordance
Mizraim (5 Occurrences)

Genesis 10:6 The sons of Ham: Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan.

Genesis 10:13 Mizraim became the father of Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim,

Genesis 50:11 When the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, saw the mourning in the floor of Atad, they said, "This is a grievous mourning by the Egyptians." Therefore, its name was called Abel Mizraim, which is beyond the Jordan.

1 Chronicles 1:8 The sons of Ham: Cush, and Mizraim, Put, and Canaan.

1 Chronicles 1:11 Mizraim became the father of Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,



Mizraim or Mizraim

Mizraim: Son of Ham

Related Terms

Mizraim (5 Occurrences)

Abel-mizraim (1 Occurrence)

Naphtuhim (2 Occurrences)

Anamim (2 Occurrences)

Lehabim (2 Occurrences)

Ludim (3 Occurrences)

Lud (10 Occurrences)

Abelmizraim (1 Occurrence)

Atad (2 Occurrences)

Naphtuhites (2 Occurrences)

Naph-tu'him (2 Occurrences)

Ludites (2 Occurrences)

Lehabites (2 Occurrences)

Phut (7 Occurrences)

Pathrusim (2 Occurrences)

Casluhim (2 Occurrences)

Anamites (2 Occurrences)

An'amim (2 Occurrences)

Africa (1 Occurrence)

Begot (119 Occurrences)

Begat (112 Occurrences)

Cush (31 Occurrences)

Nations (683 Occurrences)

Ham (16 Occurrences)

Table (125 Occurrences)

Naphtuh (1 Occurrence)

Japheth (12 Occurrences)

Le'habim (1 Occurrence)

Leha'bim (1 Occurrence)

Lehab (1 Occurrence)

Grain-floor (27 Occurrences)

Inhabitant (54 Occurrences)

Threshing (57 Occurrences)

Threshing-floor (36 Occurrences)

Egyptians (108 Occurrences)

Mizzah (3 Occurrences)

Meadow (8 Occurrences)

Pathros (6 Occurrences)

Ceremony (3 Occurrences)

Anam (1 Occurrence)

Abel's (2 Occurrences)

Mizpeh (24 Occurrences)

Philistines (224 Occurrences)

Mourning (85 Occurrences)

Floor (69 Occurrences)

Inhabitants (254 Occurrences)

Genealogy (29 Occurrences)

Grievous (73 Occurrences)

Canaan (102 Occurrences)

Canaanite (74 Occurrences)

Canaanites (63 Occurrences)

Abel (22 Occurrences)


Ethiopia (26 Occurrences)

Solemn (100 Occurrences)

Holding (62 Occurrences)

Grief (252 Occurrences)

Beyond (209 Occurrences)

History (57 Occurrences)

Egypt (596 Occurrences)

Israel (27466 Occurrences)

Patriarchs (6 Occurrences)


Jordan (188 Occurrences)

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