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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

lep'-erd ((1) namer (Songs 4:8 Isaiah 11:6 Jeremiah 5:6; Jeremiah 13:23 Hosea 13:7 Habakkuk 1:8); compare Arabic nimr, "leopard." (2) Chaldaic nemar (Daniel 7:6). (3) pardalis (Revelation 13:2; Ecclesiasticus 28:23); compare nimrim Nimrim (Isaiah 15:6 Jeremiah 48:34), nimrah, Nimrah (Numbers 32:3), and beth-nimrah, Beth-nimrah (Numbers 32:36 Joshua 13:27)): The leopard is found throughout Africa and ranges through Southern Asia from Asia Minor to Japan, being absent from Siberia and Central Asia. Its range is much the same as that of the lion, which latter, however, does not extend so far to the East. Like other animals of wide range, it has local varieties, but these shade into each other imperceptibly, and the one specific name, Felis pardus, includes all. Leopards live in some of the valleys East and South of the Dead Sea, and in the mountains of Sinai and Northwestern Arabia. They have but rarely been seen of recent years in Lebanon or the more settled portions of Palestine. So far as can be judged from skins which are available for comparison, the leopard of Palestine is rather light in color, and is not as large as. some found in Africa or India. It is not certain that the place-names, NIMRIM, NIMRAH, and BETH-NIMRAH (which see), have to do with namer, "leopard," but their location is in Moab, where leopards are well known, even at the present day. One of the valleys entering the Dead Sea from the East, South of the Arnon, is called Wadi-en-Numeir ("valley of the little leopard"; numeir, diminutive of nimr).

In the Bible "leopard" occurs mainly in figurative expressions, as a large and fierce beast. The leopard is mentioned with the lion and bear in Daniel 7:6 Hosea 13:7 Revelation 13:2; with the lion, wolf and bear in Isaiah 11:6; with the lion and wolf in Jeremiah 5:6; with the lion alone in Ecclesiasticus 28:23; with the wolf alone in Habakkuk 1:8. The leopard is smaller than the lion and the tiger, but is more active than either. Its swiftness is referred to in Habakkuk 1:8: "Their horses also (of the Chaldeans) are swifter than leopards." The spots of the leopard are referred to in Jeremiah 13:23: "Can the Ethiopian change his skin, or the leopard his spots?"

The Greek pardalis, and panther, were both applied to the leopard. "Panther" is sometimes used of large leopards, while in America, with its corrupt form "painter," it is one of the names applied to the cougar or puma, Felis concolor, which, as the specific name implies, is not spotted like the leopard, or striped like the tiger.

Alfred Ely Day

3917. pardalis -- a panther, leopard
... a panther, leopard. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: pardalis Phonetic
Spelling: (par'-dal-is) Short Definition: a leopard, panther Definition: a ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/3917.htm - 6k
Strong's Hebrew
5246. namer -- a leopard
... 5245, 5246. namer. 5247 . a leopard. Transliteration: namer Phonetic
Spelling: (naw-mare') Short Definition: leopard. Word Origin ...
/hebrew/5246.htm - 6k

5245. nemar -- a leopard
... 5244, 5245. nemar. 5246 . a leopard. Transliteration: nemar Phonetic
Spelling: (nem-ar') Short Definition: leopard. Word Origin ...
/hebrew/5245.htm - 6k

1039. Beth Nimrah -- "place of a leopard," a place East of the ...
... "place of a leopard," a place East of the Jordan. Transliteration: Beth Nimrah Phonetic
Spelling: (bayth nim-raw') Short Definition: Beth-nimrah. ...
/hebrew/1039.htm - 6k

5247. Nimrah -- "place of leopard," a place East of the Jordan
... 5246, 5247. Nimrah. 5248 . "place of leopard," a place East of the Jordan.
Transliteration: Nimrah Phonetic Spelling: (nim-raw') Short Definition: Nimrah. ...
/hebrew/5247.htm - 6k


Argument. From the Prison they are Led Forth with Joy into the ...
... Perpetua and Felicitas are Thrown Down; They are Called Back to the Sanavivarian
Gate. Saturus Wounded by a Leopard, Exhorts the Soldier. ...
/.../chapter vi argument from the prison.htm

That Evening Vergilius Went to Feast with the Young Herodian ...
... There he kept a lion from northern Africa, a tiger, and a black leopard from the
Himalayas. ... You shall be punished; you shall enter the cage of the leopard.". ...
/.../christianbookshelf.org/bacheller/vergilius/chapter 4 that evening vergilius.htm

Addition to Acts of Philip.
... And the executioners ran to the house of Stachys, and laid hold of Philip, and
Bartholomew, and Mariamme, with the leopard and the kid of the goats, and ...
/.../unknown/the acts of philip/addition to acts of philip.htm

It was a Clear Morning and the Tenth Day Before the Kalends of ...
... rest. With a hand quick as the paw of a leopard, Vergilius whirled it away
and caught the wrist of the Jew and flung him down. While ...
//christianbookshelf.org/bacheller/vergilius/chapter 22 it was a.htm

To those who are Altogether Reprobate, and Unrepentant, who ...
... To those who are altogether reprobate, and unrepentant, who possess the Ethiopian's
unchanging skin, [2287] and the leopard's spots, it shall be said, as it ...
/.../peter/the writings of peter of alexandria/canon iv to those who.htm

The Ten-Horned Beast.
... And the wild beast, which I saw was like a leopard, and his feet were like those
of a bear, and his mouth like the mouth of a lion: and the dragon gave him his ...
/.../bliss/a brief commentary on the apocalypse/the ten-horned beast.htm

On Daniel. Ii. The Interpretation by Hippolytus, (Bishop) of Rome ...
... Then comes the third beast, "a leopard," which means the Greeks; for after the Persians,
Alexander of Macedon had the power, when Darius was overthrown, which ...
/.../on daniel ii the interpretation.htm

Period iv. The Age of the Consolidation of the Church: 200 to 324 ...
... Therefore, in the beginning of the exhibition he and Revocatus made trial of the
leopard, and, moreover, upon the scaffold they were harassed by the bear. ...
/.../ayer/a source book for ancient church history/period iv the age of.htm

On the Animals
... The leopard is the devil, or the untrustworthy sinner in death; in the prophet:
as an Ethiopian cannot change his skin nor a leopard his spots. ...
/.../eucherius/the formulae of st eucherius of lyons/iv on the animals.htm

Concerning Peaceableness
... a lamb-like gentleness. The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb and the
leopard shall lie down with the kid . . .' (Isaiah 11:6-9 ...
/.../the beatitudes an exposition of matthew 51-12/18 concerning peaceableness.htm

Smith's Bible Dictionary

(Heb. namer) is invariably given by the Authorized Version as the translation of the Hebrew word, which occurs in the seven following passages: (Solomon 4:8; Isaiah 11:6; Jeremiah 5:6; 13:23; Daniel 7:6; Hosea 13:7); Habb 1:8 Leopard occurs also in Ecclus. 28:23 and in (Revelation 13:2) From (Solomon 4:8) we learn that the hilly ranges of Lebanon were in ancient times frequented by these animals. They are now not uncommonly seen in and about Lebanon and the southern maritime mountains of Syria. Under the name namer , which means "spotted," it is not improbable that another animal, namely the cheetah (Gueparda jubata), may be included; which is tamed by the Mohammedans of Syria, who employ it in hunting the gazelle.

Scripture Alphabet Of Animals

The leopard is a beautiful animal, though very savage and cruel. It is about as large as the largest of our dogs, but it looks much more like a cat than a dog. You have watched kittens at their play a hundred times, and you know how very quick, and pretty, and graceful all their motions are. It is just so with the leopard; and it can creep along too, as softly as a cat, and run up a tree after a monkey, as easily as a cat does after a bird. It lives mostly upon young antelopes and deer, and it often lies still a long time watching one till it comes near, and then springs out upon it. The Bible says in one place, "A leopard shall watch over their cities; every one that goeth out thence shall be torn in pieces;" and in another, "Therefore will I be to them as a lion; as a leopard by the way will I observe (or watch for) them." The leopard runs very swiftly when it is trying to overtake any animal: the Bible says, "Their horses are swifter than leopards."

Its color is a clear, handsome yellow, spotted with black; the spots are found in little groups, two, or three, or four together, and the skin is very smooth and shining. There is such a great difference between the color of the spots and the rest of the skin, that you would think it a very curious looking animal. Jeremiah 12:23: " Can the Ethiopian change his skin or the leopard his spots? Then may ye also do good that are accustomed to do evil." It would be no easy thing to wash away the leopard's black spots; indeed nothing but God's power could do it. So it is not easy to do right when we have been used to do wrong, and have loved to do it: this is why we need to pray that God will "create a clean heart and renew a right spirit within" us. Should we not be careful about every sinful habit? Remember, dear child, that such a habit in you may become fixed, almost like the leopard's spots; and pray God to help you love every thing that is "pure, and lovely, and of good report."

What a peaceful and happy time that will be, when Jesus our Savior shall reign in all the earth-when all men shall love him and each other-when " the leopard (fierce and cruel as it is now) shall lie down with the kid; and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead them." That bright day is coming; and if you love Christ, even you-a child-can do something to prepare for it.

ATS Bible Dictionary

A fierce wild beast of the feline genus, beautifully spotted with a diversity of colors; it has small eyes, wide jaws, sharp teeth, round ears, a large tail; five claws on the fore feet, and four on those behind. It is swift, craft, and cruel; dangerous to all domestic cattle, and even to man, Jeremiah 5:6 13:23 Daniel 10:6 Hosea 13:7 Habakkuk 1:8. Its name, leopard, implies that it has something of the lion and of the panther in its nature. It seems from Scripture that the leopard could not be rare in Palestine. Its Hebrew name occurs significantly in several names of places; as Beth-nimrah, the haunt of leopards, Numbers 32:36. So in Nimrah, Nimrim, and perhaps Nimrod the mighty hunter. Isaiah, describing the happy reign of the Messiah, says, Isaiah 11:6, "The leopard shall lie down with the kid, and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together." The spouse in the Canticles speaks of the mountains of the leopards, So 4:8; that is to say, such as Lebanon and Hermon, where wild beasts dwelt.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
(Hebrews namer, so called because spotted, Cant. 4:8), was that great spotted feline which anciently infested the mountains of Syria, more appropriately called a panther (Felis pardus). Its fierceness (Isaiah 11:6), its watching for its prey (Jeremiah 5:6), its swiftness (Habakkuk 1:8), and the spots of its skin (Jeremiah 13:23), are noticed. This word is used symbolically (Dan. 7:6; Revelation 13:2).
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
(n.) A large, savage, carnivorous mammal (Felis leopardus). It is of a yellow or fawn color, with rings or roselike clusters of black spots along the back and sides. It is found in Southern Asia and Africa. By some the panther (Felis pardus) is regarded as a variety of leopard.
Leopard (6 Occurrences)
... It is found in Southern Asia and Africa. By some the panther (Felis pardus) is regarded
as a variety of leopard. Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. LEOPARD. ...
/l/leopard.htm - 13k

... MOLE (which see) not found in Palestine CHIROPTERA: Bat CARNIVORA (a) Felidae, Cat,
Lion, Leopard (b) Hyaenidae, Hyena (c) Canidae, Dog (including Greyhound ...
/z/zoology.htm - 18k

Gopher (1 Occurrence)
... as, the gray gopher (Spermophilus Franklini) and the striped gopher (S.
tridecemlineatus); -- called also striped prairie squirrel, leopard marmot, and ...
/g/gopher.htm - 9k

Spot (42 Occurrences)
... 3. (n.) A small part of a different color from the main part, or from the ground
upon which it is; as, the spots of a leopard; the spots on a playing card. ...
/s/spot.htm - 24k

Lentils (4 Occurrences)

/l/lentils.htm - 9k

Lion (92 Occurrences)
... Therefore in prophetical references to the millennium, the lion, with the bear,
wolf, and leopard, is mentioned as living in peace with the ox, calf, kid, lamb ...
/l/lion.htm - 46k

Dominion (72 Occurrences)
... Revelation 13:2 The Wild Beast which I saw resembled a leopard, and had feet like
the feet of a bear, and his mouth was like the mouth of a lion; and it was to ...
/d/dominion.htm - 30k

Venture (10 Occurrences)
... Jeremiah 5:6 Wherefore a lion out of the forest shall slay them, and a wolf of the
evenings shall spoil them, a leopard shall watch over their cities: every ...
/v/venture.htm - 10k

Observe (216 Occurrences)
... 37:11, the King James Version "His father observed the saying" (the Revised Version
(British and American) "kept the saying in mind"); Hosea 13:7, "As a leopard...
/o/observe.htm - 38k

Ostrich (9 Occurrences)
... With its length and strength of leg and the weight of foot it could strike a blow
that saved it from attack by beasts smaller than a leopard. ...
/o/ostrich.htm - 18k

Bible Concordance
Leopard (6 Occurrences)

Revelation 13:2 The beast which I saw was like a leopard, and his feet were like those of a bear, and his mouth like the mouth of a lion. The dragon gave him his power, his throne, and great authority.

Isaiah 11:6 The wolf will live with the lamb, and the leopard will lie down with the young goat; The calf, the young lion, and the fattened calf together; and a little child will lead them.

Jeremiah 5:6 Therefore a lion out of the forest shall kill them, a wolf of the evenings shall destroy them, a leopard shall watch against their cities; everyone who goes out there shall be torn in pieces; because their transgressions are many, and their backsliding is increased.

Jeremiah 13:23 Can the Ethiopian change his skin, or the leopard his spots? then may you also do good, who are accustomed to do evil.

Daniel 7:6 After this I saw, and behold, another, like a leopard, which had on its back four wings of a bird; the animal had also four heads; and dominion was given to it.

Hosea 13:7 Therefore I am like a lion to them. Like a leopard, I will lurk by the path.



Leopard of Antichrist

Leopard of God in his Judgments

Leopard of the Macedonian Empire

Leopard: (Tamed) the Wicked Subdued by the Gospel

Leopard: A Carnivorous Animal

Leopard: Fierce and Cruel

Leopard: Fierceness of

Leopard: Figurative

Leopard: Inhabited Mountains of Canaan

Leopard: Lies in Wait for Its Prey

Leopard: Spotted

Leopard: Swift

Leopard: Taming of, the Triumph of the Gospel

Related Terms


Gopher (1 Occurrence)

Spot (42 Occurrences)

Lentils (4 Occurrences)

Lion (92 Occurrences)

Dominion (72 Occurrences)

Venture (10 Occurrences)

Observe (216 Occurrences)

Ostrich (9 Occurrences)

Owed (10 Occurrences)

Lurk (5 Occurrences)

Lurketh (2 Occurrences)

Leopardess (1 Occurrence)

Watcheth (6 Occurrences)

Wayside (16 Occurrences)

Fattened (19 Occurrences)

Fatted (17 Occurrences)

Fatling (4 Occurrences)

Resembled (18 Occurrences)

Ravage (9 Occurrences)

Evenings (15 Occurrences)

Doleful (2 Occurrences)

Deserts (18 Occurrences)

Markings (1 Occurrence)

Mamre (10 Occurrences)

Beth-nimrah (2 Occurrences)

Bethnimrah (2 Occurrences)

Backslidings (5 Occurrences)

Backsliding (19 Occurrences)

Bear's (1 Occurrence)

Apostasies (3 Occurrences)

Alexander (5 Occurrences)

Accustomed (15 Occurrences)

Skin (115 Occurrences)

Spotted (9 Occurrences)

Spots (6 Occurrences)

Hermon (16 Occurrences)

Sojourned (20 Occurrences)

Wolf (4 Occurrences)

Wide (206 Occurrences)

Cushite (15 Occurrences)

Bashan (54 Occurrences)

Woods (37 Occurrences)

Yearling (48 Occurrences)

Trained (37 Occurrences)

Transgressions (64 Occurrences)

Ethiopian (11 Occurrences)

Kid (42 Occurrences)

Beast (243 Occurrences)

Rebellion (51 Occurrences)

Ethiopia (26 Occurrences)

Wild (147 Occurrences)

Throne (181 Occurrences)

Numerous (88 Occurrences)

Multiplied (109 Occurrences)

Babel (3 Occurrences)

Bird (65 Occurrences)

Tear (97 Occurrences)

Watching (111 Occurrences)

Beheld (95 Occurrences)

Forest (67 Occurrences)

Writing (194 Occurrences)

Path (91 Occurrences)

Torn (100 Occurrences)

Guide (89 Occurrences)

Grass (92 Occurrences)

Seat (256 Occurrences)

Boy (94 Occurrences)

Wings (81 Occurrences)

Babylon (270 Occurrences)

Fowl (73 Occurrences)

Egypt (596 Occurrences)

Change (109 Occurrences)

Son (25967 Occurrences)

Goat (92 Occurrences)

Calf (39 Occurrences)

Man (26072 Occurrences)

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