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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

The word is the translation of three different Hebrew expressions: cheq (Proverbs 16:33), beghedh (2 Kings 4:39), and chotsen (Nehemiah 5:13, besides chatsen, Psalm 129:7). In all these passages the meaning is that of a part of oriental clothing, probably the folds of the garment covering the bosom or lap of a person. The flowing garments of Orientals invite the use of the same, on the part of speakers, in driving home certain truths enunciated by impressive gesticulation. Every reader of Roman history recalls the impressive incident of Quintus Fabius Maximus (Cunctator), who, in 219 B.C., was ambassador of Rome to Carthage, and who, before the city council, holding the folds of his toga in the shape of a closed pouch, declared that he held enclosed in the same both peace and war, whichever the Carthaginians should desire to choose. When the Carthaginians clamored for war, he opened the folds of his garment and said: "Then you shall have war!" Very much like it, Nehemiah, when pleading for united efforts for the improvement of social order, addressed the priests of Jerusalem to get a pledge of their cooperation: "Also I shook out my lap (chotsen), and said, So God shake out every man from his house, and from his labor, that performeth not this promise; even thus be he shaken out, and emptied" (Nehemiah 5:13).

In English Versions of the Bible the verb "to lap" is found, which has no etymological connection with the above-mentioned nouns. It is in Hebrew laqaq and refers to the loud licking up of water by dogs (1 Kings 21:19; 1 Kings 22:38 the King James Version), and in the story of Gideon's battle against the Midianites, of his 300 warriors (Judges 7:5).

H. L. E. Luering

2859. kolpos -- the bosom
... union). Word Origin a prim. word Definition the bosom NASB Word Usage bay
(1), bosom (4), lap (1). bosom, breast, bay. Apparently ...
// - 6k

2978. lailaps -- a hurricane
... intens. prefix lai- and a prim. root lap- Definition a hurricane NASB Word
Usage fierce gale (1), gale (1), storm (1). storm, tempest. ...
// - 6k

4179. pollaplasion -- many times more
... many times more. Part of Speech: Adjective Transliteration: pollaplasion Phonetic
Spelling: (pol-lap-las-ee'-ohn) Short Definition: many times more, manifold ...
// - 6k

Strong's Hebrew
3952. laqaq -- to lap, lick
... 3951, 3952. laqaq. 3953 . to lap, lick. Transliteration: laqaq Phonetic Spelling:
(law-kak') Short Definition: lapped. Word Origin a prim. ... lap, lick. ...
/hebrew/3952.htm - 5k

2436. cheq -- bosom
... Origin from an unused word Definition bosom NASB Word Usage arms (1), base (3),
bosom (26), bottom (1), care (1), cherish (1), cherishes (2), lap (2), within (1 ...
/hebrew/2436.htm - 6k

899. beged -- treachery
... Definition: apparel. apparel, clothes, garment, lap, rag, raiment, robe, very
treacherously, From bagad; a covering, ie Clothing; also ...
/hebrew/899.htm - 5k

2684. chotsen -- bosom
... arm, lap. A collateral form of chetsen, and meaning the same -- arm, lap. see HEBREW
chetsen. 2683, 2684. chotsen. 2685 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/2684.htm - 6k

3940. lappid -- a torch
lappid or lappid. 3939, 3940. lappid or lappid. 3941 . a torch. Transliteration:
lappid or lappid Phonetic Spelling: (lap-peed') Short Definition: torches. ...
/hebrew/3940.htm - 6k

5628. sarach -- to go free, be unrestrained, overrun, exceed
... sarach. 5629 . to go free, be unrestrained, overrun, exceed. Transliteration:
sarach Phonetic Spelling: (saw-rakh') Short Definition: lap. Word Origin a prim. ...
/hebrew/5628.htm - 6k

899b. beged -- a garment, covering
... Word Origin from bagad Definition a garment, covering NASB Word Usage cloth (8),
clothes (81), clothing (6), garment (39), garments (72), lap (1), robes (5 ...
/hebrew/899b.htm - 5k

3941. Lappidoth -- husband of Deborah
... 3940, 3941. Lappidoth. 3942 . husband of Deborah. Transliteration: Lappidoth
Phonetic Spelling: (lap-pee-doth') Short Definition: Lappidoth. ...
/hebrew/3941.htm - 6k

1290. berek -- the knee
... Word Origin from barak Definition the knee NASB Word Usage feeble* (1), knee
(1), kneeled* (1), kneels* (1), knees (20), lap (1). knee. ...
/hebrew/1290.htm - 6k


The Testament of Naphtali Concerning Natural Goodness.
... I was born from Bilhah; and because Rachel dealt craftily, and gave Bilhah in place
of herself to Jacob, and she bore me upon Rachel's lap, therefore was I ...
/.../viii the testament of naphtali concerning.htm

The Purification of Mary
... equipped for the journey. Joseph held the Child while she settled herself
comfortably; then he laid Him in her lap. She sat sideways ...
/.../emmerich/the life of the blessed virgin mary/xvi the purification of mary.htm

On the Taking Down from the Cross.
... sufficiently contemplate. Then did I take my tender Child on to my lap,
and look at Him. I looked at Him, and He was dead! I looked ...
/.../suso/a little book of eternal wisdom/chapter xix on the taking.htm

John Mark
... Many begin to run, but one after another, as 'lap' after 'lap' of the racecourse
is got over, has had enough of it, and drops on one side; a hundred started ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture the acts/john mark.htm

But Woe is Thee, Thou Torrent of Human Custom! who Shall Stand ...
... eloquence; most necessary to gain your ends, or maintain opinions." As if we should
have never known such words as "golden shower," "lap," "beguile," "temples ...
/.../augustine/the confessions of saint augustine/chapter xvi but woe is.htm

Fifth Tractate. Happiness and Extension of Time.
... This would be no more than taking it lap by lap to correspond with time-laps instead
of choosing to consider it as an indivisible, measurable only by the ...
/.../plotinus/the six enneads/fifth tractate happiness and extension.htm

My Readers Will not Wonder That, after This, I did My Very Best to ...
... There she placed him on her lap and began to hush him as if he were her own baby,
and Diamond was so entirely happy that he did not care to speak a word. ...
/.../macdonald/at the back of the north wind/chapter 36 my readers will.htm

The Long, Rough Road He Trod
... And no measuring stick has yet been whittled out that can tell that distance. We
want to look a bit at the last lap of the road, the earth-lap. ...
/.../gordon/quiet talks on following the christ/the long rough road he.htm

The Holy Spirit in the Mediator.
... When He lay in Mary's lap, or as a boy looked around in his stepfather's shop, He
was a child not only in appearance with the wisdom of a venerable, hoary head ...
/.../kuyper/the work of the holy spirit/xx the holy spirit in.htm

While Vergilius, Going Slowly, was Thinking of These Things...
... "Here, take these and bring me two violet ones, and that cushion of gauze filled
with rose leaves. I will have that in my lap when we are sitting here. ...
/...// 7 while vergilius going.htm

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) The loose part of a coat; the lower part of a garment that plays loosely; a skirt; an apron.

2. (n.) An edge; a border; a hem, as of cloth.

3. (n.) The part of the clothing that lies on the knees or thighs when one sits down; that part of the person thus covered; figuratively, a place of rearing and fostering; as, to be reared in the lap of luxury.

4. (n.) That part of any substance or fixture which extends over, or lies upon, or by the side of, a part of another; as, the lap of a board; also, the measure of such extension over or upon another thing.

5. (n.) The amount by which a slide valve at its half stroke overlaps a port in the seat, being equal to the distance the valve must move from its mid stroke position in order to begin to open the port. Used alone, lap refers to outside lap. See Outside lap (below).

6. (n.) The state or condition of being in part extended over or by the side of something else; or the extent of the overlapping; as, the second boat got a lap of half its length on the leader.

7. (n.) One circuit around a race track, esp. when the distance is a small fraction of a mile; as, to run twenty laps; to win by three laps. See Lap, to fold, 2.

8. (n.) In card playing and other games, the points won in excess of the number necessary to complete a game; -- so called when they are counted in the score of the following game.

9. (n.) A sheet, layer, or bat, of cotton fiber prepared for the carding machine.

10. (n.) A piece of brass, lead, or other soft metal, used to hold a cutting or polishing powder in cutting glass, gems, and the like, or in polishing cutlery, etc. It is usually in the form of wheel or disk, which revolves on a vertical axis.

11. (v. t.) To rest or recline in a lap, or as in a lap.

12. (v. t.) To cut or polish with a lap, as glass, gems, cutlery, etc. See 1st Lap, 10.

13. (n.) To fold; to bend and lay over or on something; as, to lap a piece of cloth.

14. (n.) To wrap or wind around something.

15. (n.) To enfold; to hold as in one's lap; to cherish.

16. (n.) To lay or place over anything so as to partly or wholly cover it; as, to lap one shingle over another; to lay together one partly over another; as, to lap weather-boards; also, to be partly over, or by the side of (something); as, the hinder boat lapped the foremost one.

17. (n.) To lay together one over another, as fleeces or slivers for further working.

18. (v. i.) To be turned or folded; to lie partly upon or by the side of something, or of one another; as, the cloth laps back; the boats lap; the edges lap.

19. (v. i.) To take up drink or food with the tongue; to drink or feed by licking up something.

20. (v. i.) To make a sound like that produced by taking up drink with the tongue.

21. (v. t.) To take into the mouth with the tongue; to lick up with a quick motion of the tongue.

22. (n.) The act of lapping with, or as with, the tongue; as, to take anything into the mouth with a lap.

23. (n.) The sound of lapping.

Lap (12 Occurrences)
... knees or thighs when one sits down; that part of the person thus covered; figuratively,
a place of rearing and fostering; as, to be reared in the lap of luxury ...
/l/lap.htm - 15k

Knee (12 Occurrences)
... of leprosy. In Job 3:12 the "knees" seem to be used for the lap, as the
place where a child receives its first care. Three times ...
/k/knee.htm - 12k

Kneel (10 Occurrences)
... of leprosy. In Job 3:12 the "knees" seem to be used for the lap, as the
place where a child receives its first care. Three times ...
/k/kneel.htm - 11k

Land (19790 Occurrences)
... estate. 10. (n.) The lap of the strakes in a clinker-built boat; the lap
of plates in an iron vessel; -- called also landing. 11. ...
/l/land.htm - 21k

La-odice'ans (1 Occurrence)
La-odice'ans. Laodiceans, La-odice'ans. Lap . Multi-Version Concordance ...
(See RSV). Laodiceans, La-odice'ans. Lap . Reference Bible.
/l/la-odice'ans.htm - 6k

Lick (8 Occurrences)
... 1. (vt) To draw or pass the tongue over; as, a dog licks his master's hand. 2.
(vt) To lap; to take in with the tongue; as, a dog or cat licks milk. ...
/l/lick.htm - 10k

Lapidoth (1 Occurrence)

/l/lapidoth.htm - 6k

Lapwing (2 Occurrences)
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. LAPWING. lap'-wing (dukhiphath; epops): A translation
used in early VSS, now universally admitted to be incorrect. ...
/l/lapwing.htm - 8k

Lappidoth (1 Occurrence)
...lap'-i-doth, -doth (lappidhoth, "flames," "torches"; the King James Version, Lapidoth):
Deborah's husband (Judges 4:4). The Hebrew name is a feminine plural ...
/l/lappidoth.htm - 7k

Gourds (4 Occurrences)
... 2 Kings 4:39 One went out into the field to gather herbs, and found a wild vine,
and gathered of it wild gourds his lap full, and came and shred them into the ...
/g/gourds.htm - 7k

Bible Concordance
Lap (12 Occurrences)

Luke 6:38 give, and gifts shall be bestowed on you. Full measure, pressed, shaken down, and running over, shall they pour into your laps; for with the same measure that you use they shall measure to you in return."

Exodus 26:12 The overhanging part that remains of the curtains of the tent, the half curtain that remains, shall hang over the back of the tabernacle.
(See NAS)

Exodus 26:13 The cubit on the one side, and the cubit on the other side, of that which remains in the length of the curtains of the tent, shall hang over the sides of the tabernacle on this side and on that side, to cover it.
(See NAS)

Judges 7:5 So he brought down the people to the water; and Yahweh said to Gideon, "Everyone who laps of the water with his tongue, like a dog laps, you shall set him by himself; likewise everyone who bows down on his knees to drink."

Judges 16:19 She made him sleep on her knees; and she called for a man, and shaved off the seven locks of his head; and she began to afflict him, and his strength went from him.
(See NIV)

Ruth 4:16 Naomi took the child, and laid it in her bosom, and became nurse to it.

2 Kings 4:20 When he had taken him, and brought him to his mother, he sat on her knees until noon, and then died.

2 Kings 4:39 One went out into the field to gather herbs, and found a wild vine, and gathered of it wild gourds his lap full, and came and shred them into the pot of stew; for they didn't recognize them.

Nehemiah 5:13 Also I shook out my lap, and said, So God shake out every man from his house, and from his labor, that doesn't perform this promise; even thus be he shaken out, and emptied. All the assembly said, Amen, and praised Yahweh. The people did according to this promise.

Proverbs 6:27 Can a man scoop fire into his lap, and his clothes not be burned?

Proverbs 16:33 The lot is cast into the lap, but its every decision is from Yahweh.

Ecclesiastes 7:9 Be not quick to let your spirit be angry; because wrath is in the heart of the foolish.
(See NIV)



Related Terms

Knee (12 Occurrences)

Kneel (10 Occurrences)

Land (19790 Occurrences)

La-odice'ans (1 Occurrence)

Lick (8 Occurrences)

Lapidoth (1 Occurrence)

Lapwing (2 Occurrences)

Lappidoth (1 Occurrence)

Gourds (4 Occurrences)

Fold (23 Occurrences)

Flashing (12 Occurrences)

Triumph (52 Occurrences)

Earnings (6 Occurrences)

Emptied (20 Occurrences)

Disposing (2 Occurrences)

Pottage (7 Occurrences)

Performeth (6 Occurrences)

Bottom (33 Occurrences)

Bosom (47 Occurrences)

Cover (254 Occurrences)

Colocynths (3 Occurrences)

Chance (78 Occurrences)

Apparel (38 Occurrences)

Sliced (1 Occurrence)

Shake (68 Occurrences)

Stew (7 Occurrences)

Scoop (2 Occurrences)

Shred (1 Occurrence)

Shook (33 Occurrences)

Fly (33 Occurrences)

Shaken (62 Occurrences)

Pot (46 Occurrences)

Recognize (52 Occurrences)

Wholly (67 Occurrences)

Praised (101 Occurrences)

Lebanon (66 Occurrences)

Labour (119 Occurrences)

Empty (84 Occurrences)

Fulfill (80 Occurrences)

Possessions (84 Occurrences)

Cloak (73 Occurrences)

Amen (74 Occurrences)

Vine (76 Occurrences)

Herbs (24 Occurrences)

Providence (3 Occurrences)

Lapping (2 Occurrences)

Lapped (2 Occurrences)

Labor (181 Occurrences)

Garment (143 Occurrences)

Promise (112 Occurrences)

Wild (147 Occurrences)

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