Jump to: Hitchcock'sSmith'sATSISBEEaston'sWebster'sConcordanceThesaurusGreekLibrarySubtopicsTerms
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

joo'-pi-ter, ju'-pi-ter (Zeus): "Jupiter" is mentioned in 2 Maccabees 6:2; Acts 14:12, 13, with "Zeus" in the Revised Version margin in all cases. In addition the Greek stem appears in diopetous, in Acts 19:35, English Versions of the Bible "which fell down from Jupiter"; but the word means "from the clear sky" (compare "from heaven" in the Revised Version margin). "Jupiter" was considered the Latin equivalent of the Greek "Zeus," the highest god in the developed Greek pantheon, and Zeus in turn, in accord with the syncretism of the period, was identified with countless deities in the local cults of Asia Minor and elsewhere. So in Acts 14:12, 13, "Zeus" and "Hermes" are local deities that had been renamed. On the other hand, the Zeus of 2 Maccabees 6:2 is the genuine Greek deity, who had been adopted as a special patron by Antiochus Epiphanes and to whose temple in Athens Antiochus had contributed largely. The title "Olympius" (2 Maccabees 6:2) is derived from the early worship on Mt. Olympus, but had come to be thought one of the god's highest appellations; Xenios, "protector of strangers," was a title in a cult particularly popular with travelers.


Burton Scott Easton



2203. Zeus -- Zeus, the greatest of the pagan Gk. gods
... Spelling: (dzyooce) Short Definition: Zeus Definition: Zeus, the Greek god of the
sky in all its manifestations, corresponding to the Roman Jupiter and to the ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2203.htm - 6k

1356. diopetes -- fallen from heaven
... which fell down from Jupiter. From the alternate of Zeus and the alternate of pipto;
sky-fallen (ie An aerolite) -- which fell down from Jupiter. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/1356.htm - 6k

1359. Dioskouroi -- the Dioscuri, twin sons of Zeus (Castor and ...
... Castor and Pollux. From the alternate of Zeus and a form of the base of korasion;
sons of Jupiter, ie The twins Dioscuri -- Castor and Pollux. see GREEK Zeus. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/1359.htm - 6k


... V."Jupiter. This Jupiter was born to Saturn in the island of Breta; and when
he was grown up, he deprived his father of the kingdom. ...
/.../commodianus/the instructions of commodianus/v jupiter.htm

Concerning the Power of Jupiter, and a Comparison of Jupiter with ...
... Book VII. Chapter 9."Concerning the Power of Jupiter, and a Comparison
of Jupiter with Janus. But they also show whom they would ...
/.../augustine/city of god/chapter 9 concerning the power of.htm

Doings of Jupiter.
... Book X. Chapter XX."Doings of Jupiter. "But enough ... Juno bears Vulcan; but,
as they relate, Jupiter was not his father. However, by ...
/.../unknown/recognitions of clement /chapter xx doings of jupiter.htm

Jupiter is Troubled Enough, Being Overwhelmed with Fear, and ...
... Book V. 21 Jupiter is troubled enough, being overwhelmed with fear, and
cannot find means to soothe the� Jupiter is troubled enough ...
/.../21 jupiter is troubled enough.htm

The Actions of Jupiter are Related from the Historian Euhemerus.
... The Epitome of the Divine Institutes. Addressed to His Brother Pentadius. Chap.
XIII."The Actions of Jupiter are Related from the Historian Euhemerus. ...
/.../lactantius/the divine institutes/chap xiii the actions of jupiter.htm

Of the Same Jupiter's Thunderbolt.
... VI."Of the Same Jupiter's Thunderbolt. Ye say, O fools, Jupiter thunders. ... Thou
art then a fool, to believe that it is Jupiter that thunders. ...
/.../the instructions of commodianus/vi of the same jupiters thunderbolt.htm

Concerning the Surnames of Jupiter, which are Referred not to Many ...
... Book VII. Chapter 11."Concerning the Surnames of Jupiter, Which are Referred
Not to Many Gods, But to One and the Same God. They ...
/.../augustine/city of god/chapter 11 concerning the surnames of.htm

Should Wish, Therefore, to See Jupiter, the Father of the Gods...
... Book V. 23 I should wish, therefore, to see Jupiter, the father of the
gods� I should wish, therefore, to see Jupiter, the father ...
/.../the seven books of arnobius against the heathen/23 i should wish therefore.htm

Wickedness of Jupiter.
... Homily IV. Chapter XVI."Wickedness of Jupiter. ... And Jupiter himself bound his own
father, and imprisoned him in Tartarus; and he also punishes the other gods. ...
/.../unknown/the clementine homilies/chapter xvi wickedness of jupiter.htm

If Jupiter Sought to have his Games Celebrated...
... Book VII. 43 If Jupiter sought to have his games celebrated� [4978] If Jupiter
sought to have his games celebrated, and that afresh ...
/.../the seven books of arnobius against the heathen/43 if jupiter sought to.htm

Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary

the father that helpeth

Smith's Bible Dictionary

(a father that helps), the Greek Zeus. The Olympian Zeus was the national god of the Hellenic race, as well as the supreme ruler of the heathen world, and as such formed the true opposite to Jehovah. Jupiter or Zeus is mentioned in two passages of the New Testament, on the occasion of St. Paul's visit to Lystra, (Acts 14:12,13) where the expression "Jupiter, which was before their city," means that his temple was outside the city. Also in (Acts 19:35)

ATS Bible Dictionary

The supreme god of the heathen Greeks and Romans. He was called the son of Saturn and Ops, and was said to have been born in Crete. The character attributed to him in pagan mythology was a compound of all that is wicked, obscene, and beastly in the catalogue of human crime. Still he was ever described as of noble and dignified appearance and bearing. Barnabas was supposed by the people of Lystra to represent him, Acts 14:12,13; 19:35.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
The principal deity of the ancient Greeks and Romans. He was worshipped by them under various epithets. Barnabas was identified with this god by the Lycaonians (Acts 14:12), because he was of stately and commanding presence, as they supposed Jupiter to be. There was a temple dedicated to this god outside the gates of Lystra (14:13).
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) The supreme deity, king of gods and men, and reputed to be the son of Saturn and Rhea; Jove. He corresponds to the Greek Zeus.

2. (n.) One of the planets, being the brightest except Venus, and the largest of them all, its mean diameter being about 85,000 miles. It revolves about the sun in 4,332.6 days, at a mean distance of 5.2028 from the sun, the earth's mean distance being taken as unity.

Jupiter (3 Occurrences)
... Barnabas was identified with this god by the Lycaonians (Acts 14:12), because he
was of stately and commanding presence, as they supposed Jupiter to be. ...
/j/jupiter.htm - 10k

Mercury (1 Occurrence)
... mur'-ku-ri, mer-ku'ri-us: The translation of Hermes, in Acts 14:12: "They called
Barnabas, Jupiter; and Paul, Mercury, because he was the chief speaker ...
/m/mercury.htm - 9k

Zeus (3 Occurrences)
... (n.) The chief deity of the Greeks, and ruler of the upper world (cf. Hades). He
was identified with Jupiter. Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. ZEUS. ...
/z/zeus.htm - 8k

Mercurius (1 Occurrence)
... The Hermes (ie, "the speaker") of the Greeks (Acts 14:12), a heathen God represented
as the constant attendant of Jupiter, and the god of eloquence. ...
/m/mercurius.htm - 8k

... OLYMPIUS. o-lim'-pi-us (Olumpios): An epithet of JUPITER or ZEUS (which see) from
Mt. Olympus in Thessaly, where the gods held court presided over by Zeus. ...
/o/olympius.htm - 6k

... Noah Webster's Dictionary (n.) The god of wine, son of Jupiter and Semele.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. BACCHUS. bak'-us Dionusos ...
/b/bacchus.htm - 12k

Diana (5 Occurrences)
... (n.) The daughter of Jupiter and Latona; a virgin goddess who presided over hunting,
chastity, and marriage; -- identified with the Greek goddess Artemis. Int. ...
/d/diana.htm - 15k

Jurisdiction (4 Occurrences)

/j/jurisdiction.htm - 9k

Great (10383 Occurrences)
... 6. Founding of Alexandria and Visit to the Shrine of Jupiter Ammon: When he
entered Egypt, the whole country submitted without a struggle. ...
/g/great.htm - 35k

Barnabas (33 Occurrences)
... at Lystra named Paul, because of his fervid oratory, Mercurius, while the quiet
dignity and reserved strength of Barnabas gave him the title of Jupiter (Acts 14 ...
/b/barnabas.htm - 25k

Bible Concordance
Jupiter (3 Occurrences)

Acts 14:12 They called Barnabas "Jupiter," and Paul "Mercury," because he was the chief speaker.

Acts 14:13 The priest of Jupiter, whose temple was in front of their city, brought oxen and garlands to the gates, and would have made a sacrifice along with the multitudes.

Acts 19:35 And when the townclerk had appeased the people, he said, Ye men of Ephesus, what man is there that knoweth not how that the city of the Ephesians is a worshipper of the great goddess Diana, and of the image which fell down from Jupiter?



Jupiter and Mercury

Jupiter: Equivalent to Zeus, a Greek and Roman Deity

Related Terms

Mercury (1 Occurrence)

Zeus (3 Occurrences)

Mercurius (1 Occurrence)



Diana (5 Occurrences)

Jurisdiction (4 Occurrences)

Great (10383 Occurrences)

Barnabas (33 Occurrences)

Gad (78 Occurrences)


Year (4027 Occurrences)

Knoweth (152 Occurrences)

No (18543 Occurrences)

Oxen (176 Occurrences)

Opposition (22 Occurrences)

Juniper-tree (2 Occurrences)

Lystra (6 Occurrences)

Gates (156 Occurrences)

Garland (6 Occurrences)

Garlands (4 Occurrences)

Worshipper (15 Occurrences)

Wreaths (9 Occurrences)

Worshiper (5 Occurrences)

Flowers (42 Occurrences)

Town-clerk (1 Occurrence)

Townclerk (1 Occurrence)

Temple-keeper (1 Occurrence)

Talker (3 Occurrences)

Triumph (52 Occurrences)

Tribute (67 Occurrences)

Doors (149 Occurrences)

Moon (70 Occurrences)

Pleiades (3 Occurrences)



Belt (32 Occurrences)

Bulls (68 Occurrences)

Capitol (1 Occurrence)



Appeased (11 Occurrences)

Abomination (78 Occurrences)

Speaker (10 Occurrences)

Secretary (34 Occurrences)

Rome (12 Occurrences)

Alexander (5 Occurrences)

Wanted (73 Occurrences)

Offering (850 Occurrences)

Empire (8 Occurrences)

Outside (215 Occurrences)

Front (327 Occurrences)

Star (16 Occurrences)

Crowds (62 Occurrences)

Multitudes (72 Occurrences)

Magi (4 Occurrences)

Roman (26 Occurrences)

Lead (192 Occurrences)

Gods (310 Occurrences)




Along (500 Occurrences)

Between (2624 Occurrences)

Babel (3 Occurrences)




Image (126 Occurrences)

Babylon (270 Occurrences)

Dispersion (4 Occurrences)

Priest (500 Occurrences)

New (1850 Occurrences)

Temple (614 Occurrences)

Paul (207 Occurrences)

Sacrifice (300 Occurrences)

Religion (23 Occurrences)

Testament (13 Occurrences)

Bible ConcordanceBible DictionaryBible EncyclopediaTopical BibleBible Thesuarus
Top of Page
Top of Page