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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

ish-bo'-sheth ('ish-bosheth, "man of shame" Iesbosthe): Called 'eshba`al, "man of Baal" (1 Chronicles 8:33), and yishwi, "man of Yahweh" (?), perhaps for 'isheyo (1 Samuel 14:49). Compare ESHBAAL and ISHVI (the King James Version "Ishui"). We probably have the right meaning of the name in Eshbaal and Ishvi, the words Baal and Yahweh being frequently interchanged. The change to Ish-bosheth, "man of shame," in 2 Samuel, where the story of his shameful murder is related, may be better explained as reference to this (see MEPHIBOSHETH, whose name was also changed from Merib-baal for similar reasons), than to find here a suggestion of Baal-worship, but see HPN, 121, where the change is explained as a correction of the scribes, in consequence of prophetic protests.

One of the sons of Saul (1 Chronicles 8:33; 1 Chronicles 9:39 1 Samuel 14:49) who, when his father and brothers were slain in the battle of Gilboa (1 Samuel 31:1), was proclaimed king over Israel by Abner, the captain of Saul's host, at Mahanaim (2 Samuel 2:8). Ishbosheth was 40 years old at this time and reigned over Israel 2 years (2 Samuel 2:10). Judah, however, proclaimed David its king. The consequence was war (2 Samuel 2:12). The house of David prevailed against the house of Saul (2 Samuel 3:1), but the war did not come to a close until Abner, angry on account of the rebuke he suffered from Ish-Bosheth for his unlawful intimacy with Rizpah, Saul's concubine, joined David (2 Samuel 3:6). David's condition to return to him Michal, his wife before peace could be made, was fulfilled by Ish-Bosheth (2 Samuel 3:14 f), but it was not until after Abner's death that Ish-Bosheth seems to have given up hopes of retaining his power (2 Samuel 4:1). The shameful murder of Ish-Bosheth by his own captains is recorded in 2 Samuel 4:5. David punished the murderers who had expected reward and buried Ish-Bosheth in the grave of Abner at Hebron (2 Samuel 4:12 f).

Arthur L. Breslich

Strong's Hebrew
792. Eshbaal -- "man of Baal," a son of Saul
... Eshbaal. From 'iysh and Ba'al; man of Baal; Eshbaal (or Ishbosheth), a son of Saul --
Eshbaal. see HEBREW 'iysh. see HEBREW Ba'al. 791, 792. Eshbaal. 793 . ...
/hebrew/792.htm - 6k

That Upon the Slaughter of Ishbosheth by the Treachery of his ...
... CHAPTER 2. That Upon The Slaughter Of Ishbosheth By The Treachery Of His Friends,
David Received The Whole Kingdom. 1. When Ishbosheth ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 2 that upon the.htm

The History of David
... And Abner prince of the host of Saul, and other servants of Saul, took Ishbosheth
the son of Saul, and led him about, and made him king over Israel, except the ...
/.../wells/bible stories and religious classics/the history of david.htm

One Fold and one Shepherd
... conquest is marked, not only by Abner's flight to Mahanaim, but by the reckoning
that David reigned for seven and a half years and Ishbosheth two; for these ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture f/one fold and one shepherd.htm

How David Reigned Over one Tribe at Hebron While the Son Of
... other sons, were fallen in the battle, he made haste into the camp; and taking away
with him the remaining son of Saul, whose name was Ishbosheth, he passed ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 1 how david reigned.htm

The Kingdom of all Israel.
... For seven years David reigned only in his own tribe of Judah, while the brave Abner
kept the rest of the kingdom for Saul's son, Ishbosheth, until, taking ...
// chosen people/lesson vi the kingdom of.htm

The King.
... made it the nucleus of a feeble and lingering opposition to David, headed by Saul's
cousin Abner, and rallying round his incompetent son Ishbosheth.[Q] The ...
// life of david/ix the king.htm

The Reign of David.
... seven and one-half years. During this period Ishbosheth, son of Saul, reigned
over Israel in the North. It is probable that both ...
/.../tidwell/the bible period by period/chapter xi the reign of.htm

David and Jonathan's Son
... Saul and three of his four sons had fallen on the fatal field of Gilboa; the fourth,
the weak Ishbosheth, had been murdered after his abortive attempt at ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture f/david and jonathans son.htm

The Bright Dawn of a Reign
... case. The puppet king is named Ishbosheth in the lesson, but 1 Chronicles
8:33 and ix.39 show that his real name was Esh-baal. The ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture f/the bright dawn of a.htm

... 13. What was the end of Saul? 14. Who reigned over the rest of Israel? 15. What
became of Ishbosheth? 16. What were David's conquests? 17. ...
// chosen people/questions.htm

Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary

a man of shame

Smith's Bible Dictionary

(man of shame) the youngest of Saul's four sons, and his legitimate successor. (B.C. 1068.) Ish-bosheth was "forty years old when he began to reign over Israel, and reigned two years." (2 Samuel 3:10) During these two years he reigned at Mahanaim, though only in name. The wars and negotiations with David were entirely carried on by Abner (2 Samuel 2:12; 3:6,12) The death of Abner deprived the house of Saul of its last remaining support. When Ish-bosheth heard of it, "his hands were feeble, and all the Israelites were troubled." He was murdered in his bed.

ATS Bible Dictionary

Son and successor of Saul. Abner, Saul's kinsman and general so managed that Ishbosheth was acknowledged king at Mahanaim by the greater part of Israel, while David reigned at Hebron over Judah. He was forty-four years of age when he began to reign, and he reigned two years peaceably; after which he was involved in a long and unsuccessful war against David. Being abandoned by Abner, whom he had provoked, he became more and more feeble, and was at last assassinated, 2 Samuel 2:8-11 3:1-4:12. See ESHBAAL.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Man of shame or humiliation, the youngest of Saul's four sons, and the only one who survived him (2 Samuel 2-4). His name was originally Eshbaal (1 Chronicles 8:33; 9:39). He was about forty years of age when his father and three brothers fell at the battle of Gilboa. Through the influence of Abner, Saul's cousin, he was acknowledged as successor to the throne of Saul, and ruled over all Israel, except the tribe of Judah (over whom David was king), for two years, having Mahanaim, on the east of Jordan, as his capital (2 Samuel 2:9). After a troubled and uncertain reign he was murdered by his guard, who stabbed him while he was asleep on his couch at mid-day (2 Samuel 4:5-7); and having cut off his head, presented it to David, who sternly rebuked them for this cold-blooded murder, and ordered them to be immediately executed (9-12).
Ishbosheth (13 Occurrences)
... in the battle of Gilboa (1 Samuel 31:1), was proclaimed king over Israel by Abner,
the captain of Saul's host, at Mahanaim (2 Samuel 2:8). Ishbosheth was 40 ...
/i/ishbosheth.htm - 14k

Mahanaim (15 Occurrences)
... Here Saul's son Ishbosheth reigned (2 Samuel 2:8, 12), while David reigned
at Hebron. Here also, after a troubled reign, Ishbosheth...
/m/mahanaim.htm - 18k

Rechab (13 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary Horseman, or chariot. (1.) One of Ishbosheth's "captains
of bands" or leaders of predatory troops (2 Samuel 4:2). ...
/r/rechab.htm - 15k

Baanah (10 Occurrences)
... He and his brother Rechab assassinated Ishbosheth (2 Samuel 4:2), and were on this
account slain by David, and their mutilated bodies suspended over the pool ...
/b/baanah.htm - 10k

Abner (54 Occurrences)
... the fuller form, 'abhiner, Abiner; compare Abiram by the side of Abram; meaning,
"my father is a lamp"): Captain of the host under Saul and Ishbosheth (Eshbaal ...
/a/abner.htm - 30k

Saul's (79 Occurrences)
... 2 Samuel 2:8 Now Abner the son of Ner, captain of Saul's army, had taken Ishbosheth
the son of Saul, and brought him over to Mahanaim; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY ...
/s/saul's.htm - 31k

Ish-bosheth (14 Occurrences)
Ish-bosheth. Ishbosheth, Ish-bosheth. Ish-bo'sheth . Easton's Bible Dictionary ...
(ASV BBE JPS WBS YLT NAS NIV). Ishbosheth, Ish-bosheth. Ish-bo'sheth . ...
/i/ish-bosheth.htm - 15k

Ner (17 Occurrences)
... 2 Samuel 2:8 Now Abner the son of Ner, captain of Saul's army, had taken Ishbosheth
the son of Saul, and brought him over to Mahanaim; (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV ...
/n/ner.htm - 13k

Rizpah (4 Occurrences)
... Her marriage to Abner was the occasion of a quarrel between him and Ishbosheth,
which led to Abner's going over to the side of David (2 Samuel 3:17-21). Int. ...
/r/rizpah.htm - 10k

Ba'anah (9 Occurrences)
... 2 Samuel 4:2 Ishbosheth, Saul's son, had two men who were captains of bands: the
name of the one was Baanah, and the name of the other Rechab, the sons of ...
/b/ba'anah.htm - 8k

Bible Concordance
Ishbosheth (13 Occurrences)

2 Samuel 2:8 Now Abner the son of Ner, captain of Saul's army, had taken Ishbosheth the son of Saul, and brought him over to Mahanaim;

2 Samuel 2:10 Ishbosheth, Saul's son, was forty years old when he began to reign over Israel, and he reigned two years. But the house of Judah followed David.

2 Samuel 2:12 Abner the son of Ner, and the servants of Ishbosheth the son of Saul, went out from Mahanaim to Gibeon.

2 Samuel 2:15 Then they arose and went over by number: twelve for Benjamin, and for Ishbosheth the son of Saul, and twelve of the servants of David.

2 Samuel 3:7 Now Saul had a concubine, whose name was Rizpah, the daughter of Aiah: and Ishbosheth said to Abner, "Why have you gone in to my father's concubine?"

2 Samuel 3:8 Then was Abner very angry for the words of Ishbosheth, and said, "Am I a dog's head that belongs to Judah? Today I show kindness to the house of Saul your father, to his brothers, and to his friends, and have not delivered you into the hand of David; and yet you charge me this day with a fault concerning this woman!

2 Samuel 3:14 David sent messengers to Ishbosheth, Saul's son, saying, "Deliver me my wife Michal, whom I pledged to be married to me for one hundred foreskins of the Philistines."

2 Samuel 3:15 Ishbosheth sent, and took her from her husband, even from Paltiel the son of Laish.

2 Samuel 4:1 When Ishbosheth, Saul's son, heard that Abner was dead in Hebron, his hands became feeble, and all the Israelites were troubled.

2 Samuel 4:2 Ishbosheth, Saul's son, had two men who were captains of bands: the name of the one was Baanah, and the name of the other Rechab, the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, of the children of Benjamin (for Beeroth also is reckoned to Benjamin:

2 Samuel 4:5 The sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, Rechab and Baanah, went, and came about the heat of the day to the house of Ishbosheth, as he took his rest at noon.

2 Samuel 4:8 They brought the head of Ishbosheth to David to Hebron, and said to the king, "Behold, the head of Ishbosheth, the son of Saul, your enemy, who sought your life! Yahweh has avenged my lord the king this day of Saul, and of his seed."

2 Samuel 4:12 David commanded his young men, and they killed them, and cut off their hands and their feet, and hanged them up beside the pool in Hebron. But they took the head of Ishbosheth, and buried it in the grave of Abner in Hebron.



Related Terms

Mahanaim (15 Occurrences)

Rechab (13 Occurrences)

Baanah (10 Occurrences)

Abner (54 Occurrences)

Saul's (79 Occurrences)

Ish-bosheth (14 Occurrences)

Ner (17 Occurrences)

Rizpah (4 Occurrences)

Ba'anah (9 Occurrences)

Beerothite (4 Occurrences)

Avenged (34 Occurrences)

Aiah (7 Occurrences)

Hebron (71 Occurrences)

Rimmon (22 Occurrences)

Enemy (134 Occurrences)

Tried (96 Occurrences)

Gibeon (39 Occurrences)

Sought (199 Occurrences)

Noon (30 Occurrences)

Noonday (13 Occurrences)

Jezreel (37 Occurrences)

Jerubbaal (15 Occurrences)

Joab (128 Occurrences)

Laish (8 Occurrences)

Loyal (15 Occurrences)

Loyalty (18 Occurrences)

La'ish (5 Occurrences)

Ish'bi-be'nob (1 Occurrence)

Involving (2 Occurrences)

Foreskins (7 Occurrences)

Raiding (11 Occurrences)

Reproachest (2 Occurrences)

Espoused (7 Occurrences)

Dog's (3 Occurrences)

Dismayed (69 Occurrences)

Disturbed (30 Occurrences)

Demanding (6 Occurrences)

Paltiel (3 Occurrences)

Pertained (18 Occurrences)

Phaltiel (2 Occurrences)

Pledged (19 Occurrences)

Be-er'othite (2 Occurrences)

Beeroth (7 Occurrences)

Be-er'oth (8 Occurrences)

Chargest (1 Occurrence)

Alarmed (28 Occurrences)

Abishai (25 Occurrences)

Ai'ah (5 Occurrences)

Ashhur (2 Occurrences)

Commanders (93 Occurrences)

Concubine (21 Occurrences)

Accuse (34 Occurrences)

Hanged (36 Occurrences)

Michal (18 Occurrences)

Captains (159 Occurrences)

Offense (44 Occurrences)

Failed (58 Occurrences)

Reigned (206 Occurrences)

Commander (111 Occurrences)

Dog (19 Occurrences)

Hang (37 Occurrences)

Reckoned (98 Occurrences)

Sepulchre (57 Occurrences)

Gilead (130 Occurrences)

Fault (42 Occurrences)

Courage (74 Occurrences)

Grave (128 Occurrences)

Lost (85 Occurrences)

Buried (125 Occurrences)

Bands (130 Occurrences)

Count (85 Occurrences)

Tomb (70 Occurrences)

Counted (122 Occurrences)

Philistine (63 Occurrences)

Feeble (147 Occurrences)

Leaders (167 Occurrences)

Arrived (129 Occurrences)

Hung (27 Occurrences)

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