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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

hi-pok'-ri-si, hip'-o-krit (choneph, chaneph; hupokrisis, hupokrites):

(1) "Hypocrisy" occurs only once in the Old Testament as the translation of choneph (Isaiah 32:6, the Revised Version (British and American) "profaneness"); chaneph, from which it is derived, means properly "to cover," "to hide," or "becloud," hence, to pollute, to be polluted or defiled, to make profane, to seduce; as a substantive it is translated "hypocrite" (Job 8:13; Job 13:16; Job 15:34; Job 17:8; Job 20:5; 27:08:00; 34:30:00; 36:13, in all which instances the Revised Version (British and American) has "godless man," "godless men," "godless"; Proverbs 11:9, the Revised Version (British and American) "the godless man"; Isaiah 9:17, the Revised Version (British and American) "profane"; Isaiah 33:14, the Revised Version (British and American) "the godless ones"); it is rendered "hypocritical," in Psalm 35:16 Isaiah 10:6, the Revised Version (British and American) "profane."

(2) "Hypocrisy," "hypocrite" are frequent in the New Testament, chiefly in Christ's discourses in the Gospels. The word hupokrisis (primarily, "an answer," "response") meant generally, in classical Greek, stageplaying, acting, the histrionic art; hence, it came to mean acting a part in life, etc. We find hupokrisis in this sense in 2 Maccabees 6:25, the Revised Version (British and American) "dissimulation," and hupokrinomai, "to pretend," "to feign," etc. Ecclesiasticus 1:29; 32:15:00; 33:2, translated "hypocrite"; 2 Maccabees 5:25, "pretending peace," the Revised Version (British and American) "playing the man of peace"; 6:21, the Revised Version (British and American) "to make as if." Hupokrites (literally, "an actor") is the Septuagint for chaneph (Job 34:30; Job 36:13), equivalent to bad, wicked, godless, which is perhaps included in some of our Lord's uses of the words, e.g. Matthew 23:27, "full of hypocrisy and iniquity" (compare 23:29; 24:51); but, in general, the meaning is acting a part, false, deceptive and deceived, formally and outwardly religious and good, but inwardly insincere and unrighteous; the hypocrite may come to deceive himself as well as others, but "the hypocrite's hope shall perish" (Job 8:13 the King James Version). On no class did our Lord pronounce such severe condemnation as on the hypocrites of His day.

"Hypocrisy" (hupokrisis) occurs in Matthew 23:28 Mark 12:15 Luke 12:1 1 Timothy 4:2; 1 Peter 2:1 (in Galatians 2:13 it is rendered "dissimulation"); "hypocrite" (hupokrites), Matthew 6:2, 5, 16; Matthew 7:5; Matthew 15:7; Matthew 22:18; Matthew 23:13, 15, 23, 25, 29; 24:51:00; Mark 7:6 Luke 12:56; Luke 13:15; in James 3:17, anupokritos is "without hypocrisy," so the Revised Version (British and American), Romans 12:9 ("unfeigned," 2 Corinthians 6:6 1 Timothy 1:5; 2 Timothy 1:5 1 Peter 1:22).

W. L. Walker

5272. hupokrisis -- a reply, answer, playacting, hypocrisy
... a reply, answer, playacting, hypocrisy. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration:
hupokrisis Phonetic Spelling: (hoop-ok'-ree-sis) Short Definition ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/5272.htm - 7k

505. anupokritos -- unhypocritical, unfeigned
... of Speech: Adjective Transliteration: anupokritos Phonetic Spelling: (an-oo-pok'-
ree-tos) Short Definition: unfeigned, without hypocrisy Definition: unfeigned ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/505.htm - 7k

4942. sunupokrinomai -- to play a part with
... Word Origin from sun and hupokrinomai Definition to play a part with NASB Word Usage
joined...in hypocrisy (1). dissemble with, join in hypocrisy. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/4942.htm - 6k

2743. kauteriazo -- sear with a hot iron.
... endings.". 2743 ("seared") is used only in 1 Tim 4:2: "By means of the
hypocrisy of liars in their own conscience (2743 )" (). 2743 ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2743.htm - 7k

1506. eilikrines -- judged by sunlight, unalloyed, pure
... therefore, (). 1506 () naturally refers to something , free from hypocrisy
(deceit, wickedness) which of God's approval. This term ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/1506.htm - 7k

Strong's Hebrew
2612. choneph -- profaneness
... hypocrisy. From chaneph; moral filth, ie Wickedness -- hypocrisy. see HEBREW
chaneph. 2611, 2612. choneph. 2613 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/2612.htm - 6k

2519. chalaqlaqqoth -- smoothness
... chalaqlaqqoth. 2520 . smoothness. Transliteration: chalaqlaqqoth Phonetic Spelling:
(khal-ak-lak-kaw') Short Definition: hypocrisy. Word Origin by redupl. ...
/hebrew/2519.htm - 6k

3585. kachash -- lying, leanness
... leanness, lies, lying. From kachash; literally, a failure of flesh, ie Emaciation;
figuratively, hypocrisy -- leanness, lies, lying. see HEBREW kachash. ...
/hebrew/3585.htm - 6k


... Hypocrisy. A Sermon (No.237). ... CH SPURGEON. At the Music Hall, Royal Surrey Gardens.
"Beware ye of the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy.""Luke 12:1. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 5 1859/hypocrisy.htm

... Book First XXXI HYPOCRISY. As are those apples, pleasant to the eye, ... Each sin some
colour hath it to adorn; Hypocrisy, almighty GOD doth scorn. ...
/...//christianbookshelf.org/palgrave/the treasury of sacred song/xxxi hypocrisy.htm

Whether Hypocrisy is Contrary to the virtue of Truth?
... OF DISSIMULATION AND HYPOCRISY (FOUR ARTICLES) Whether hypocrisy is contrary
to the virtue of truth? Objection 1: It seems that ...
/.../aquinas/summa theologica/whether hypocrisy is contrary to.htm

... SERMON XXXVII. HYPOCRISY. Matthew xvi.3. Oh ... Would there not be hypocrisy
and play-acting in that, my friends? Now, my dear friends ...
/.../kingsley/town and country sermons/sermon xxxvii hypocrisy.htm

Whether Hypocrisy is the Same as Dissimulation?
same as dissimulation? Objection 1: It seems that hypocrisy ...
/.../aquinas/summa theologica/whether hypocrisy is the same.htm

Whether Hypocrisy is Always a Mortal Sin?
... OF DISSIMULATION AND HYPOCRISY (FOUR ARTICLES) Whether hypocrisy is always a mortal
sin? Objection 1: It seems that hypocrisy is always a mortal sin. ...
/.../aquinas/summa theologica/whether hypocrisy is always a.htm

A Warning against Hypocrisy
... Lesson 7 A Warning Against Hypocrisy. [This chapter is based on Acts 4:32
to 5:11.] As ... brethren. But God hates hypocrisy and falsehood. ...
/.../white/the acts of the apostles/lesson 7 a warning against.htm

Sincerity and Hypocrisy.
... DEVOUT EXERCISES. 456. " Sincerity and Hypocrisy. 456. CM Watts. Sincerity
and Hypocrisy. 1 God is a spirit just and wise, He ...
/.../adams/hymns for christian devotion/456 sincerity and hypocrisy.htm

Of Dissimulation and Hypocrisy (Four Articles)
... OF DISSIMULATION AND HYPOCRISY (FOUR ARTICLES). In due sequence we must consider
dissimulation and hypocrisy. ... (2) Whether hypocrisy is dissimulation? ...
/.../aquinas/summa theologica/of dissimulation and hypocrisy four.htm

Psalm 50:4. LM Hypocrisy Exposed.
... THE Psalms of David, In Metre. Psalm 50:4. LM Hypocrisy exposed. 1 The
Lord, the Judge, his churches warns, Let hypocrites attend ...
/.../christianbookshelf.org/watts/the psalms of david/psalm 50 4 0 l m hypocrisy.htm

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
(n.) Professing beliefs that one does notpractice; feigning to be what one is not; or to feel what one does not feel; a dissimulation, or a concealment of one's real character, disposition, or motives; especially, the assuming of false appearance of virtue or religion; a simulation of goodness.
Topical Bible Verses
Matthew 6:24
No man can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. You cannot serve God and mammon.

Luke 16:13
No servant can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. You cannot serve God and mammon.

Matthew 7:21-23
Not every one that said to me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that does the will of my Father which is in heaven.

James 1:26
If any man among you seem to be religious, and bridles not his tongue, but deceives his own heart, this man's religion is vain.

1 John 1:6
If we say that we have fellowship with him, and walk in darkness, we lie, and do not the truth:

1 John 4:20
If a man say, I love God, and hates his brother, he is a liar: for he that loves not his brother whom he has seen, how can he love God whom he has not seen?

1 John 2:9
He that said he is in the light, and hates his brother, is in darkness even until now.

1 John 2:4
He that said, I know him, and keeps not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him.

Matthew 15:7-9
You hypocrites, well did Esaias prophesy of you, saying,

Matthew 22:18
But Jesus perceived their wickedness, and said, Why tempt you me, you hypocrites?

Hypocrisy (11 Occurrences)
... virtue or religion; a simulation of goodness. Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia.
HYPOCRISY; HYPROCRITE. hi-pok'-ri-si, hip'-o-krit ...
/h/hypocrisy.htm - 14k

... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia HYPOCRISY; HYPROCRITE. hi-pok'-ri-si,
hip'-o-krit (choneph, chaneph; hupokrisis, hupokrites): (1 ...
/h/hyprocrite.htm - 10k

Hypocrite (10 Occurrences)
... Our Lord severely rebuked the scribes and Pharisees for their hypocrisy (Matthew
6:2, 5, 16). "The hypocrite's hope shall perish" (Job 8:13). ...
/h/hypocrite.htm - 10k

Insincerity (5 Occurrences)
... (WEY). Galatians 2:13 And the rest of the Jews joined him in his hypocrisy; so that
even Barnabas was carried away with their hypocrisy. (See RSV). ...
/i/insincerity.htm - 8k

Insincerely (3 Occurrences)
... Insincerely (3 Occurrences). Galatians 2:13 And the rest of the Jews joined him
in his hypocrisy; so that even Barnabas was carried away with their hypocrisy. ...
/i/insincerely.htm - 7k

... La Rochefoucauld said: "Hypocrisy is a sort of homage which vice pays
to virtue." There is hypocrisy beneath the word polygamy. ...
/p/polygamy.htm - 19k

Hypocritical (3 Occurrences)
... Noah Webster's Dictionary (a.) of or pertaining to a hypocrite, or to hypocrisy;
as, a hypocritical person; a hypocritical look; a hypocritical action. ...
/h/hypocritical.htm - 7k

Ananias (11 Occurrences)
... When his hypocrisy was denounced by Peter, Ananias fell down dead; and three hours
later his wife met the same doom. The following points are of interest. ...
/a/ananias.htm - 19k

Astray (116 Occurrences)
... (WEY). Galatians 2:13 And the rest of the Jews joined him in his hypocrisy; so that
even Barnabas was carried away with their hypocrisy. (See NIV). ...
/a/astray.htm - 36k

Joined (146 Occurrences)
... (DBY). Galatians 2:13 And the rest of the Jews joined him in his hypocrisy; so that
even Barnabas was carried away with their hypocrisy. (WEB NAS NIV). ...
/j/joined.htm - 36k

Bible Concordance
Hypocrisy (11 Occurrences)

Matthew 23:28 Even so you also outwardly appear righteous to men, but inwardly you are full of hypocrisy and iniquity.

Mark 12:15 Shall we give, or shall we not give?" But he, knowing their hypocrisy, said to them, "Why do you test me? Bring me a denarius, that I may see it."

Luke 12:1 Meanwhile, when a multitude of many thousands had gathered together, so much so that they trampled on each other, he began to tell his disciples first of all, "Beware of the yeast of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy.

Romans 12:9 Let love be without hypocrisy. Abhor that which is evil. Cling to that which is good.

Galatians 2:13 And the rest of the Jews joined him in his hypocrisy; so that even Barnabas was carried away with their hypocrisy.

1 Timothy 4:2 through the hypocrisy of men who speak lies, branded in their own conscience as with a hot iron;

James 3:17 But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceful, gentle, reasonable, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy.

James 5:12 But above all things, my brothers, don't swear, neither by heaven, nor by the earth, nor by any other oath; but let your "yes" be "yes," and your "no," "no;" so that you don't fall into hypocrisy.

1 Peter 2:1 Having put aside, then, all evil, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envyings, and all evil speakings,

Isaiah 32:6 For the vile person will speak villany, and his heart will work iniquity, to practise hypocrisy, and to utter error against the LORD, to make empty the soul of the hungry, and he will cause the drink of the thirsty to fail.

Daniel 11:34 Now when they shall fall, they shall be helped with a little help; but many shall join themselves to them with flatteries.
(See NAS)



Hypocrisy: Ahaz

Hypocrisy: Ananias and Sapphira

Hypocrisy: Balaam

Hypocrisy: Chief Priests

Hypocrisy: Delilah, the Wife of Samson

Hypocrisy: Ehud

Hypocrisy: False Teachers at Ephesus

Hypocrisy: General Scriptures Concerning

Hypocrisy: Herod

Hypocrisy: Ishmael

Hypocrisy: Ith

Hypocrisy: Jacob, in Impersonating Esau and Deceiving his Father

Hypocrisy: Jacob's Sons, in Deceiving Their Father Concerning Joseph

Hypocrisy: Jael

Hypocrisy: Johanan

Hypocrisy: Joseph's Deceiving his Brothers

Hypocrisy: Judaizing Christians in Galatia

Hypocrisy: Judas

Hypocrisy: Peter and Other Christians at Antioch

Hypocrisy: Pharaoh

Hypocrisy: Pilate

Hypocrisy: Priests and Levites

Hypocrisy: Rabshakeh

Hypocrisy: Simon Magus

Hypocrisy: Spies Sent to Entrap Jesus

Hypocrisy: The False Prophets

Hypocrisy: The Pharisees

Hypocrisy: The Ruler

Related Terms


Hypocrite (10 Occurrences)

Insincerity (5 Occurrences)

Insincerely (3 Occurrences)


Hypocritical (3 Occurrences)

Ananias (11 Occurrences)

Astray (116 Occurrences)

Joined (146 Occurrences)

Carried (327 Occurrences)

Pharisees (86 Occurrences)

Barnabas (33 Occurrences)

Yeast (48 Occurrences)

Villany (4 Occurrences)

Unwavering (4 Occurrences)

Outwardly (7 Occurrences)

Lies (208 Occurrences)

Liars (14 Occurrences)

Lawlessness (13 Occurrences)

Genuine (9 Occurrences)

Godless (31 Occurrences)

Within (400 Occurrences)

Wickedness (232 Occurrences)

Innumerable (12 Occurrences)

Intreated (17 Occurrences)

Insomuch (24 Occurrences)

Inwardly (12 Occurrences)

Indeed (628 Occurrences)

Iscariot (11 Occurrences)

Impartial (1 Occurrence)

Falsely (72 Occurrences)

Trode (8 Occurrences)

Trampling (8 Occurrences)

Tempt (18 Occurrences)

Tens (17 Occurrences)

Thousands (65 Occurrences)

Try (84 Occurrences)

Test (105 Occurrences)

Trying (68 Occurrences)

Trampled (41 Occurrences)

Trap (35 Occurrences)

Trod (14 Occurrences)

Tread (60 Occurrences)

Reasonable (6 Occurrences)

Righteous (407 Occurrences)

Refuse (103 Occurrences)

Ensnare (15 Occurrences)

Easy (14 Occurrences)

Dissimulation (3 Occurrences)

Denary (8 Occurrences)

Denarius (8 Occurrences)

Meantime (2 Occurrences)

Meanwhile (38 Occurrences)

Myriads (24 Occurrences)

Iniquity (299 Occurrences)

Proceeded (72 Occurrences)

Penny (14 Occurrences)

Partiality (26 Occurrences)

Pretensions (2 Occurrences)

Peaceable (9 Occurrences)

Peaceful (19 Occurrences)

Beware (51 Occurrences)

Branding (3 Occurrences)

Branded (2 Occurrences)

Circumstances (19 Occurrences)

Crooked (31 Occurrences)

Consciences (12 Occurrences)

Cling (35 Occurrences)

Canting (1 Occurrence)

Cauterised (1 Occurrence)

Coin (9 Occurrences)

Abhor (23 Occurrences)

Seared (2 Occurrences)

Submissive (12 Occurrences)


Sincere (18 Occurrences)

Stepping (13 Occurrences)

Sincerity (17 Occurrences)

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