International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
his (sharaq): "To hiss" has two applications:
(1) to call,
(2) to express contempt or scorn.
(1) It is the translation of sharaq, a mimetic word meaning to hiss or whistle, to call (bees, etc.), (a) Isaiah 5:26, "I will hiss unto them from the ends of the earth," the Revised Version (British and American) "hiss for them (margin "him") from the end of the earth"; 7:18, "Yahweh will hiss for the fly that is in the uttermost part of the rivers of Egypt, and for the bee that is in the land of Assyria"; namely, Egyptians whose land was noted for flies (18:1) and Assyrians whose country was pre-eminently one of bees. Dangerous enemies are compared to bees in Deuteronomy 1:44 Psalm 118:12 (Skinner's Isaiah): Zechariah 10:8, "I will hiss for them, and gather them" (His own people, who will come at His call).
(2) More often, to hiss is to express contempt or derision (1 Kings 9:8 Job 27:23 Jeremiah 19:8, etc.). In this sense we have also frequently a hissing (2 Chronicles 29:8 Jeremiah 19:8; Jeremiah 25:9, 18; 29:18:00; 51:37 Micah 6:16, shereqah); Jeremiah 18:16, sheriqoth or sheruqoth; Ecclesiasticus 22:1, "Every one will hiss him (the slothful man) out in his disgrace" (eksurisso, "to hiss out"); The Wisdom of Solomon 17:9, "hissing of serpents" (surigmos).
W. L. Walker