International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
hag'-rits (haghri'im): An Arab tribe, or confederation of tribes (1 Chronicles 5:10, 19, 20 the King James Version "Hagarites"; 1 Chronicles 27:31 the King James Version "Hagerite"; Psalm 83:6 "Hagarenes"), against which the Reubenites fought in the days of Saul. In Genesis 25:12-18 are recorded the descendants, "generations," of Ishmael, "whom Hagar the Egyptian Sarah's handmaid, bare unto Abraham." Two, and possibly three, of these tribes, Jetur, Naphish and Kedemah (25:15), appear to be identical with the 3 tribes whom the Reubenites and the other Israelite tribes East of the Jordan conquered and dispossessed (1 Chronicles 5). The correspondence of names in Genesis and 1 Chronicles leaves little doubt that "Hagrite" is a generic term roughly synonymous with "Ishmaelite," designating the irregular and shifting line of desert tribes stretching along the East and South of Palestine. Those "East of Gilead," "Jetur, Naphish and Nodah," were overcome by Reuben: "The Hagrites were delivered into their hand, and all that were with them.. And they took away their cattle. they dwelt in their stead until the captivity" (1 Chronicles 5:20-22).