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International Standard Bible EncyclopediaCLAY
kla (chomer, chacaph, TiT, meleT, `abhi, ma`abheh, abhTiT; pelos, "wet clay," "mud"): True clay, which is a highly aluminous soil, is found in certain localities in Palestine, and is used in making pottery. The Hebrew and Greek words, as well as the English "clay," are, however, used loosely for any sticky mud. In making mud bricks, true clay is not always used, but ordinary soil is worked up with water and mixed with straw, molded and left to dry in the sun. Chomer (compare chmar, "slime" or "bitumen") is rendered both "clay" and "mortar." TiT is rendered "clay" or "mire." In Isaiah 41:25 we have: "He shall come upon rulers as upon mortar (chomer), and as the potter treadeth clay" (TiT). In Nahum 3:14, "Go into the clay (TiT), and tread the mortar (chomer); make strong the brickkiln" (i.e. make the walls ready to withstand a siege). Chacaph is the clay of the image in Nebuchadnezzar's dream (Daniel 2:33). MeleT occurs only in Jeremiah 43:9, where we find: the King James Version, "Take great stones. and hide them in the clay in the brickkiln"; the Revised Version (British and American), "hide them in mortar in the brickwork"; the Revised Version, margin, "lay them with mortar in the pavement." In Habakkuk 2:6, `abhTiT (found only here) is rendered in the King James Version "thick clay," as if from `abhi and TiT, but the Revised Version (British and American) has "pledges," referring the word to the root `abhaT, "to give a pledge." In 1 Kings 7:46, ma`abheh ha-'adhamah (compare 2 Chronicles 4:17, `abhi ha-'adhamah) is the compact or clayey soil in the plain of Jordan between Succoth and Zarethan, in which Hiram cast the vessels of brass for Solomon's temple. In John 9:6, 11, 14, Thayer gives "made mud of the spittle"; in Romans 9:21, "wet clay."
Greek4081. pelos -- clay
... pelos. 4082 . clay. Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: pelos Phonetic
Spelling: (pay-los') Short Definition: clay, mud Definition: clay, mud. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/4081.htm - 6k
3749. ostrakinos -- earthen
2764. keramikos -- earthen
4112. plastos -- formed, molded
4973. sphragis -- a seal, a signet
4111. plasso -- to form
2985. lampas -- a torch
2766. keramos -- a tile
Strong's Hebrew2916. tit -- mud, mire, clay
... 2915, 2916. tit. 2917 . mud, mire, clay. Transliteration: tit Phonetic
Spelling: (teet) Short Definition: mire. ... clay, dirt, mire. ...
/hebrew/2916.htm - 6k
2635. chasaph -- clay, potsherd
2563. chomer -- cement, mortar, clay
2563a. chomer -- cement, mortar, clay
2917. tin -- clay
4568. maabeh -- thickness, compactness
4423. melet -- mortar, cement
5645. ab -- dark cloud, cloud mass, thicket
5671. abtit -- weight of pledges, heavy debts
3843. lebenah -- brick, tile
The Potter and the Clay
The Earthy Material of which Flesh is Created Wonderfully Improved ...
Not the Lowliness of the Material, but the Dignity and Skill of ...
Human Generation, and the Work of God Therein Set Forth.
John and Daniel have Predicted the Dissolution and Desolation of ...
Contention Over the Man Born Blind.
John ix. 6, 7
A King's Strange Dream
Sight Given to the Blind.
The Charge of Worshipping a Cross the Heathens Themselves Made ...
Smith's Bible DictionaryClay
As the sediment of water remaining in pits or in streets, the word is used frequently in the Old Testament. (Psalms 18:42; Isaiah 57:20; Jeremiah 38:6) and in the New Testament, (John 9:6) a mixture of sand or dust with spittle. It is also found in the sense of potter's clay. (Isaiah 41:25) The great seat of the pottery of the present day in Palestine is Gaza, where are made the vessels in dark-blue clay so frequently met with. Another use of clay was for sealing. (Job 38:14) Our Lord's tomb may have been thus sealed, (Matthew 27:66) as also the earthen vessel containing the evidences of Jeremiah's purchase. (Jeremiah 32:14) The seal used for public documents was rolled on the moist clay, and the tablet was then placed in the fire and baked.
ATS Bible DictionaryClay
Designed for earthenware was trodden by the feet to mix it well, Isaiah 41:25, was molded on a wheel, and then baked in a kiln, Jeremiah 18:3 43:9. The potter's art is referred to in Scripture to illustrate man's dependence upon God, Isaiah 64:8 Romans 9:21. See POTTER. Clay seems to have been also used in sealing, as wax is with us, Job 38:14. The bricks of Babylon are found marked with a large seal or stamp, and modern travellers find the locks of doors in eastern khans and granaries sealed on the outside with clay.
Easton's Bible DictionaryThick clay
(Habakkuk 2:6) is correctly rendered in the Revised Version "pledges." The Chaldean power is here represented as a rapacious usurer, accumulating the wealth that belonged to others.
This word is used of sediment found in pits or in streets (Isaiah 57:20; Jeremiah 38:60), of dust mixed with spittle (John 9:6), and of potter's clay (Isaiah 41:25; Nahum 3:14; Jeremiah 18:1-6; Romans 9:21). Clay was used for sealing (Job 38:14; Jeremiah 32:14). Our Lord's tomb may have been thus sealed (Matthew 27:66). The practice of sealing doors with clay is still common in the East. Clay was also in primitive times used for mortar (Genesis 11:3). The "clay ground" in which the large vessels of the temple were cast (1 Kings 7:46; 2 Chronicles 4:17) was a compact loam fitted for the purpose. The expression literally rendered is, "in the thickness of the ground,", meaning, "in stiff ground" or in clay.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary1. (n.) A soft earth, which is plastic, or may be molded with the hands, consisting of hydrous silicate of aluminium. It is the result of the wearing down and decomposition, in part, of rocks containing aluminous minerals, as granite. Lime, magnesia, oxide of iron, and other ingredients, are often present as impurities.
2. (n.) Earth in general, as representing the elementary particles of the human body; hence, the human body as formed from such particles.
3. (v. t.) To cover or manure with clay.
ThesaurusClay (50 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary Thick clay. ...Clay was used for sealing (Job 38:14; Jeremiah
32:14). Our Lord's tomb may have been thus sealed (Matthew 27:66). ...
/c/clay.htm - 25k
Clay-ground (2 Occurrences)
Signet-clay (1 Occurrence)
Tablets (31 Occurrences)
Tell (3056 Occurrences)
Sawest (20 Occurrences)
Miry (6 Occurrences)
Artemis (5 Occurrences)
Bible ConcordanceClay (50 Occurrences)
John 9:6 When he had thus spoken, he spat on the ground, and made clay of the spittle, and he anointed the eyes of the blind man with the clay,
John 9:11 He answered and said, A man that is called Jesus made clay, and anointed mine eyes, and said unto me, Go to the pool of Siloam, and wash: and I went and washed, and I received sight.
John 9:14 And it was the sabbath day when Jesus made the clay, and opened his eyes.
John 9:15 Then again the Pharisees also asked him how he had received his sight. He said unto them, He put clay upon mine eyes, and I washed, and do see.
Romans 9:21 Or hasn't the potter a right over the clay, from the same lump to make one part a vessel for honor, and another for dishonor?
2 Corinthians 4:7 But we have this treasure in clay vessels, that the exceeding greatness of the power may be of God, and not from ourselves.
2 Timothy 2:20 Now in a large house there are not only vessels of gold and of silver, but also of wood and of clay. Some are for honor, and some for dishonor.
Revelation 2:27 He will rule them with a rod of iron, shattering them like clay pots; as I also have received of my Father:
Exodus 1:14 and they embittered their life with hard labour in clay and bricks, and in all manner of labour in the field: all their labour with which they made them serve was with harshness.
Exodus 16:29 See, for that Jehovah hath given you the sabbath, therefore he giveth you on the sixth day the bread of two days; abide ye every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.
Leviticus 11:33 Every earthen vessel, into which any of them falls, all that is in it shall be unclean, and you shall break it.
Leviticus 14:5 The priest shall command them to kill one of the birds in an earthen vessel over running water.
Leviticus 14:41 and the house he doth cause to be scraped within round about, and they have poured out the clay which they have scraped off, at the outside of the city, at an unclean place;
Leviticus 14:42 and they have taken other stones, and brought 'them' in unto the place of the stones, and other clay he taketh and hath daubed the house.
Leviticus 14:45 And he hath broken down the house, its stones, and its wood, and all the clay of the house, and he hath brought 'them' forth unto the outside of the city, unto an unclean place.
Leviticus 14:50 He shall kill one of the birds in an earthen vessel over running water.
Leviticus 15:12 "'The earthen vessel, which he who has the discharge touches, shall be broken; and every vessel of wood shall be rinsed in water.
Numbers 5:17 and the priest shall take holy water in an earthen vessel; and of the dust that is on the floor of the tabernacle the priest shall take, and put it into the water.
1 Kings 7:46 In the plain of the Jordan did the king cast them, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zarethan.
2 Chronicles 4:17 In the plain of the Jordan did the king cast them, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zeredah.
Job 4:19 How much more, those who dwell in houses of clay, whose foundation is in the dust, who are crushed before the moth!
Job 10:9 Remember, I beg you, that you have fashioned me as clay. Will you bring me into dust again?
Job 13:12 Your memorable sayings are proverbs of ashes, Your defenses are defenses of clay.
Job 27:16 Though he heap up silver as the dust, and prepare clothing as the clay;
Job 33:6 Behold, I am toward God even as you are. I am also formed out of the clay.
Job 38:14 It is changed as clay under the seal, and stands forth as a garment.
Job 41:30 Under him 'are' sharp points of clay, He spreadeth gold on the mire.
Psalms 12:6 The words of Yahweh are flawless words, as silver refined in a clay furnace, purified seven times.
Psalms 40:2 He brought me up also out of a horrible pit, out of the miry clay. He set my feet on a rock, and gave me a firm place to stand.
Isaiah 10:6 Against a profane nation I send him, And concerning a people of My wrath I charge him, To spoil spoil, and to seize prey, And to make it a treading-place as the clay of out places.
Isaiah 29:16 You turn things upside down! Should the potter be thought to be like clay; that the thing made should say about him who made it, "He didn't make me;" or the thing formed say of him who formed it, "He has no understanding?"
Isaiah 41:25 "I have raised up one from the north, and he has come; from the rising of the sun, one who calls on my name; and he shall come on rulers as on mortar, and as the potter treads clay.
Isaiah 45:9 Woe to him who strives with his Maker- a clay pot among the clay pots of the earth! Shall the clay ask him who fashions it,'What are you making?' or your work,'He has no hands?'
Isaiah 64:8 But now, Yahweh, you are our Father; we are the clay, and you our potter; and we all are the work of your hand.
Jeremiah 18:4 When the vessel that he made of the clay was marred in the hand of the potter, he made it again another vessel, as seemed good to the potter to make it.
Jeremiah 18:6 House of Israel, can't I do with you as this potter? says Yahweh. Behold, as the clay in the potter's hand, so are you in my hand, house of Israel.
Jeremiah 19:1 Thus said Yahweh, Go, and buy a potter's earthen bottle, and take of the elders of the people, and of the elders of the priests;
Jeremiah 32:14 Thus says Yahweh of Armies, the God of Israel: Take these deeds, this deed of the purchase which is sealed, and this deed which is open, and put them in an earthen vessel; that they may continue many days.
Jeremiah 43:9 Take great stones in thine hand, and hide them in the clay in the brickkiln, which is at the entry of Pharaoh's house in Tahpanhes, in the sight of the men of Judah;
Lamentations 4:2 The precious sons of Zion, comparable to fine gold, How are they esteemed as earthen pitchers, the work of the hands of the potter!
Daniel 2:33 its legs of iron, its feet part of iron, and part of clay.
Daniel 2:34 You saw until a stone was cut out without hands, which struck the image on its feet that were of iron and clay, and broke them in pieces.
Daniel 2:35 Then was the iron, the clay, the brass, the silver, and the gold, broken in pieces together, and became like the chaff of the summer threshing floors; and the wind carried them away, so that no place was found for them: and the stone that struck the image became a great mountain, and filled the whole earth.
Daniel 2:41 Whereas you saw the feet and toes, part of potters' clay, and part of iron, it shall be a divided kingdom; but there shall be in it of the strength of the iron, because you saw the iron mixed with miry clay.
Daniel 2:42 As the toes of the feet were part of iron, and part of clay, so the kingdom shall be partly strong, and partly broken.
Daniel 2:43 Whereas you saw the iron mixed with miry clay, they shall mingle themselves with the seed of men; but they shall not cling to one another, even as iron does not mingle with clay.
Daniel 2:45 Because you saw that a stone was cut out of the mountain without hands, and that it broke in pieces the iron, the brass, the clay, the silver, and the gold; the great God has made known to the king what shall happen hereafter: and the dream is certain, and its interpretation sure.
Nahum 3:14 Draw water for the siege. Strengthen your fortresses. Go into the clay, and tread the mortar. Make the brick kiln strong.
Habakkuk 2:6 Shall not all these take up a parable against him, and a taunting proverb against him, and say, Woe to him that increaseth that which is not his! how long? and to him that ladeth himself with thick clay!
Habakkuk 3:15 Thou hast proceeded through the sea with Thy horses -- the clay of many waters.
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