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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

klo'-di-us (Klaudios): Fourth Roman emperor. He reigned for over 13 years (41-54 A.D.), having succeeded Caius (Caligula) who had seriously altered the conciliatory policy of his predecessors regarding the Jews and, considering himself a real and corporeal god, had deeply offended the Jews by ordering a statue of himself to be placed in the temple of Jerusalem, as Antiochus Epiphanes had done with the statue of Zeus in the days of the Maccabees (2 Maccabees 6:2). Claudius reverted to the policy of Augustus and Tiberius and marked the opening year of his reign by issuing edicts in favor of the Jews (Ant., XIX, 5), who were permitted in all parts of the empire to observe their laws and customs in a free and peaceable manner, special consideration being given to the Jews of Alexandria who were to enjoy without molestation all their ancient rights and privileges. The Jews of Rome, however, who had become very numerous, were not allowed to hold assemblages there (Dio LX, vi, 6), an enactment in full correspondence with the general policy of Augustus regarding Judaism in the West. The edicts mentioned were largely due to the intimacy of Claudius with Herod Agrippa, grandson of Herod the Great, who had been living in Rome and had been in some measure instrumental in securing the succession for Claudius. As a reward for this service, the Holy Land had a king once more. Judea was added to the tetrarchies of Philip and Antipas; and Herod Agrippa I was made ruler over the wide territory which had been governed by his grandfather. The Jews' own troubles during the reign of Caligula had given "rest" (the American Standard Revised Version "peace") to the churches "throughout all Judea and Galilee and Samaria" (Acts 9:31). But after the settlement of these troubles, "Herod the king put forth his hands to afflict certain of the church" (Acts 12:1). He slew one apostle and "when he saw that it pleased the Jews, he proceeded to seize" another (Acts 12:3). His miserable death is recorded in Acts 12:20-23, and in Ant, XIX, 8. This event which took place in the year 44 A.D. is held to have been coincident with one of the visits of Paul to Jerusalem. It has proved one of the chronological pivots of the apostolic history.

Whatever concessions to the Jews Claudius may have been induced out of friendship for Herod Agrippa to make at the beginning of his reign, Suetonius records (Claud. chapter 25) "Judaeos impulsore Chresto assidue tumultuantes Roma expulit," an event assigned by some to the year 50 A.D., though others suppose it to have taken place somewhat later. Among the Jews thus banished from Rome were Aquila and Priscilla with whom Paul became associated at Corinth (Acts 18:2). With the reign of Claudius is also associated the famine which was foretold by Agabus (Acts 11:28). Classical writers also report that the reign of Claudius was, from bad harvest or other causes, a period of general distress and scarcity over the whole world (Dio LX, 11; Suet. Claud. xviii; Tac. Ann. xi. 4; xiii0.43; see Mommsen, Provinces of the Roman Empire, chapter ix; and Conybeare and Howson, Life and Epistles of Paul, I).

J. Hutchison


klo'-di-us lis'-i-as (Klaudios Lysias): A chief captain who intervened when the Jews sought to do violence to Paul at Jerusalem (Acts 21:31; Acts 24:22). Lysias, who was probably a Greek by birth (compare Acts 21:37), and who had probably assumed the Roman forename Claudius (Acts 23:26) when he purchased the citizenship (Acts 22:28), was a military tribune or chiliarch (i.e. leader of 1,000 men) in command of the garrison stationed in the castle overlooking the temple at Jerusalem. Upon learning of the riot instigated by the Asiatic Jews, he hastened down with his soldiers, and succeeded in rescuing Paul from the hands of the mob. As Paul was the apparent malefactor, Lysias bound him with two chains, and demanded to know who he was, and what was the cause of the disturbance. Failing amid the general tumult to get any satisfactory reply, he conducted Paul to the castle, and there questioned him as to whether he was the "Egyptian," an postor that had lately been defeated by Felix (Josephus, BJ, II, xiii, 5; Ant, XX, viii, 6). Upon receiving the answer of Paul that he was a "Jew of Tarsus," he gave him permission to address the people from the stairs which connected the castle and the temple. As the speech of Paul had no pacifying effect, Lysias purposed examining him by scourging; but on learning that his prisoner was a Roman citizen, he desisted from the attempt and released him from his bonds. The meeting of the Sanhedrin which Lysias then summoned also ended in an uproar, and having rescued Paul with difficulty he conducted him back to the castle. The news of the plot against the life of one whom he now knew to be a Roman citizen decided for Lysias that he could not hope to cope alone with so grave a situation. He therefore dispatched Paul under the protection of a bodyguard to Felix at Caesarea, along with a letter explaining the circumstances (Acts 23:26-30. The genuineness of this letter has been questioned by some, but without sufficient reason.) In this letter he took care to safeguard his own conduct, and to shield his hastiness in binding Paul. There is evidence (compare Acts 24:22) that Lysias was also summoned to Caesarea at a later date to give his testimony, but no mention is made of his arrival there. It is probable, however, that he was among the chief captains who attended the trial of Paul before King Agrippa and Festus (compare Acts 25:22). For the reference to him in the speech of Tertullus (see Acts 24:7 the Revised Version, margin), see TERTULLUS.

C. M. Kerr

2804. Klaudios -- Claudius, the name of an Emperor, also an army ...
... Claudius, the name of an Emperor, also an army officer. Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine
Transliteration: Klaudios Phonetic Spelling: (klow'-dee-os) Short ...
// - 6k

3079. Lusias -- Lysias, a Roman
... Lysias, a Roman. Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: Lusias Phonetic
Spelling: (loo-see'-as) Short Definition: Claudius Lysias Definition: Claudius ...
// - 6k


... Claudius. Claudius, Matthias, the son of a Lutheran Pastor, was born at Reinfeld,
near Lubeck, August 15, 1740. He entered the university ...
// writers of the church/claudius.htm

How Claudius was Seized Upon and Brought Out of his House and ...
... CHAPTER 3. How Claudius Was Seized Upon And Brought Out Of His House And Brought
To The Camp; And How The Senate Sent An Embassage To Him. ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 3 how claudius was.htm

How Claudius, the Second of the Romans who came into Britain ...
... III. How Claudius, the second of the Romans who came into Britain, brought the islands
Orcades into subjection to the Roman empire; and Vespasian, sent by hint ...
/.../bede/bedes ecclesiastical history of england/chap iii how claudius the.htm

Concerning the Government of Claudius, and the Reign of Agrippa. ...
... CHAPTER 11. Concerning The Government Of Claudius, And The Reign Of Agrippa.
Concerning The Deaths Of Agrippa And Of Herod And What ...
/.../chapter 11 concerning the government.htm

How Claudius Restored to Agrippa his Grandfathers Kingdoms and ...
... CHAPTER 5. How Claudius Restored To Agrippa His Grandfathers Kingdoms And Augmented
His Dominions; And How He Published An Edict In Behalf. ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 5 how claudius restored.htm

Epistle cxx. To Claudius in Spain .
... Epistle CXX. To Claudius in Spain . To Claudius in Spain [78] . Gregory
to Claudius, &c. The renown of good deeds being fragrant ...
/.../gregory/the epistles of saint gregory the great/epistle cxx to claudius in.htm

Claudius Apollinaris, Bishop of Hierapolis, and Apologist.
... Fragments from His Five Books of Commentaries on the Acts of the Church.
Claudius Apollinaris, Bishop of Hierapolis, and Apologist. ...
/.../unknown/the decretals/claudius apollinaris bishop of hierapolis.htm

The Famine which Took Place in the Reign of Claudius.
... Book II. Chapter VIII."The Famine which took Place in the Reign of Claudius. ...
24, ad 41, and was succeeded by his uncle Claudius. ...
/.../pamphilius/church history/chapter viii the famine which took.htm

What Things King Agrippa did for Claudius; and How Claudius when ...
... CHAPTER 4. What Things King Agrippa Did For Claudius; And How Claudius When He Had
Taken The Government Commanded The Murderers Of Caius To Be Slain. ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 4 what things king.htm

After what Manner Upon the Death of Claudius, Nero Succeeded in ...
... CHAPTER 8. After What Manner Upon The Death Of Claudius, Nero Succeeded
In The Government; As Also What Barbarous Things He Did. ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 8 after what manner.htm

Smith's Bible Dictionary

(lame), fourth Roman emperor, reigned from 41 to 54 A.D. He was nominated to the supreme power mainly through the influence of Herod Agrippa the First. In the reign of Claudius there were several famines, arising from unfavorable harvests, and one such occurred in Palestine and Syria. (Acts 11:28-30) Claudius was induced by a tumult of the Jews in Rome to expel them from the city. cf. (Acts 18:2) The date of this event is uncertain. After a weak and foolish reign he was poisoned by his fourth wife, Agrippina, the mother of Nero, October 13, A.D. 54.

Easton's Bible Dictionary

(1.) The fourth Roman emperor. He succeeded Caligula (A.D. 41). Though in general he treated the Jews, especially those in Asia and Egypt, with great indulgence, yet about the middle of his reign (A.D. 49) he banished them all from Rome (Acts 18:2). In this edict the Christians were included, as being, as was supposed, a sect of Jews. The Jews, however soon again returned to Rome.

During the reign of this emperor, several persecutions of the Christians by the Jews took place in the dominions of Herod Agrippa, in one of which the apostle James was "killed" (12:2). He died A.D. 54.

(2.) Claudius Lysias, a Greek who, having obtained by purchase the privilege of Roman citizenship, took the name of Claudius (Acts 21:31-40; 22:28; 23:26).

Lysias, Claudius

The chief captain (chiliarch) who commanded the Roman troops in Jerusalem, and sent Paul under guard to the procurator Felix at Caesarea (Acts 21:31-38; 22:24-30). His letter to his superior officer is an interesting specimen of Roman military correspondence (23:26-30). He obtained his Roman citizenship by purchase, and was therefore probably a Greek. (see CLAUDIUS.)

Claudius (3 Occurrences)
... (2.) Claudius Lysias, a Greek who, having obtained by purchase the privilege of
Roman citizenship, took the name of Claudius (Acts 21:31-40; 22:28; 23:26). ...
/c/claudius.htm - 15k

Claudius's (1 Occurrence)
...Claudius's (1 Occurrence). ... He and his wife Priscilla had recently come from Italy
because of Claudius's edict expelling all the Jews from Rome. ...
/c/claudius's.htm - 6k

... Josephus (Ant., XX, i, 2), however, employs epitropos (procurator) for the time
of Claudius, and it is convenient to follow common usage and assume that this ...
/p/procurator.htm - 13k

Lysias (3 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary Lysias, Claudius. ... He obtained his Roman citizenship by
purchase, and was therefore probably a Greek. (see CLAUDIUS.). Int. ...
/l/lysias.htm - 12k

Aquila (7 Occurrences)
... on his first visit to Corinth (Acts 18:2). Along with his wife Priscilla he had
fled from Rome in consequence of a decree (AD 50) by Claudius commanding all ...
/a/aquila.htm - 13k

Narcissus (2 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary Daffodil, a Roman whom Paul salutes (Romans 16:11). He
is supposed to have been the private secretary of the emperor Claudius. ...
/n/narcissus.htm - 9k

Gallio (3 Occurrences)
... He was "deputy", ie, proconsul, as in Revised Version, of Achaia, under the
emperor Claudius, when Paul visited Corinth (Acts 18:12). ...
/g/gallio.htm - 10k

Agabus (2 Occurrences)
... 11:27, we find him at Antioch foretelling "a great famine over all the world,"
"which," adds the historian, "came to pass in the days of Claudius." This visit ...
/a/agabus.htm - 9k

Felix (11 Occurrences)
... fe'-liks, an-to'-ni-us (Phelix, from Latin felix, "happy"): A Roman procurator of
Judea, appointed in succession to Cumanus by the emperor Claudius. ...
/f/felix.htm - 15k

Claudia (1 Occurrence)
... she was a British maiden, the daughter of king Cogidunus, who was an ally of Rome,
and assumed the name of the emperor, his patron, Tiberius Claudius, and that ...
/c/claudia.htm - 8k

Bible Concordance
Claudius (3 Occurrences)

Acts 11:28 One of them named Agabus stood up, and indicated by the Spirit that there should be a great famine all over the world, which also happened in the days of Claudius.

Acts 18:2 He found a certain Jew named Aquila, a man of Pontus by race, who had recently come from Italy, with his wife Priscilla, because Claudius had commanded all the Jews to depart from Rome. He came to them,

Acts 23:26 "Claudius Lysias to the most excellent governor Felix: Greetings.



Claudius Caesar

Claudius Felix

Claudius Lysias

Claudius Lysius: A Roman Military officer

Claudius Lysius: Sends Paul to Felix

Claudius: Emperor of Rome

Related Terms

Claudius's (1 Occurrence)


Lysias (3 Occurrences)

Aquila (7 Occurrences)

Narcissus (2 Occurrences)

Gallio (3 Occurrences)

Agabus (2 Occurrences)

Felix (11 Occurrences)

Claudia (1 Occurrence)


Iconium (6 Occurrences)

Italy (4 Occurrences)

Tiberius (1 Occurrence)

Dearth (11 Occurrences)

Puteoli (1 Occurrence)



Caesar (25 Occurrences)


Famine (99 Occurrences)


Clave (16 Occurrences)

Macedonia (23 Occurrences)

Rome (12 Occurrences)

Herod (45 Occurrences)

Visit (97 Occurrences)

Native (35 Occurrences)

Lys'ias (2 Occurrences)

Latin (2 Occurrences)

Lately (6 Occurrences)

Linus (1 Occurrence)

Lycia (1 Occurrence)

Greetings (48 Occurrences)

Gamaliel (7 Occurrences)

Wishes (37 Occurrences)

Inhabited (64 Occurrences)

Indicate (5 Occurrences)

Indicated (4 Occurrences)

Instructed (80 Occurrences)

Foretold (18 Occurrences)

Forum (1 Occurrence)

Recently (8 Occurrences)

Race (36 Occurrences)

Excellency (53 Occurrences)

Edict (22 Occurrences)

Expelling (4 Occurrences)

Egyptian (35 Occurrences)

Entire (119 Occurrences)

Excellent (52 Occurrences)

Directed (75 Occurrences)

Derbe (4 Occurrences)

Predicted (10 Occurrences)

Priscilla (7 Occurrences)

Paulus (1 Occurrence)

Pudens (1 Occurrence)

Publicly (31 Occurrences)


Paid (86 Occurrences)

Cesarea (17 Occurrences)

Citizenship (4 Occurrences)

Cesar (20 Occurrences)

Caesarea (20 Occurrences)

Appii (1 Occurrence)

Aquilas (6 Occurrences)

Aristobulus (1 Occurrence)

Abilene (1 Occurrence)

Ag'abus (2 Occurrences)

Agrippa (12 Occurrences)

Aq'uila (6 Occurrences)

Sergius (1 Occurrence)

Signified (5 Occurrences)

Speedy (5 Occurrences)

Severe (53 Occurrences)

Serious (31 Occurrences)

Signify (6 Occurrences)

Noble (61 Occurrences)

Finding (57 Occurrences)

Throughout (291 Occurrences)

Jew (34 Occurrences)

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