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chik'-'-n, chik'-in (Anglo-Saxon, cicen or cycen; Latin, Gallus ferrugineus; alektruon, masculine and fem.): A barnyard fowl of any age. The record is to be found in the books of the disciples, but Jesus is responsible for the only direct mention of chickens in the Bible. Matthew 23:37, contains this: "O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, that killeth the prophets, and stoneth them that are sent unto her! how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, and ye would not!" Luke's version of the same scene says: "Even as a hen gathereth her own brood under her wings" (Luke 13:34). There is no reference to chickens in the Old Testament sufficiently clear to specify our common domestic bird. The many references to "fatted fowl" in these older records, in accordance with the text and the history of the other nations, were pigeons, guineas, ducks, geese and swans. The importation of peafowl by Solomon is mentioned. The cock and hen are distinctive birds and would have been equally a marvel worth recording had they been introduced at that time. From the history of the bird in other countries it is a safe estimate to place their entrance into Palestine between five and six hundred years B.C. That would allow sufficient time for them to increase and spread until they would be well known and common enough to be used effectively in the ministry of Jesus Christ. Every historical fact and indication points to the capture and domestication of the red jungle fowl in Burma. The Chinese records prove that they first secured imported fowl from the West in 1400 B.C. Their use for food dated from 1200 to 800 B.C., in the Book of Manu, but it was specified that only those that ran wild were to be eaten. From these countries they were imported to Greece and Italy, and from there carried south into Palestine Homer ([?] 10; compare also alektruon, P 602) names a man Cock, alektor, which seems to indicate that he knew the bird. Pindar gives them slight mention; Aristophanes wrote of them as "Persian birds," which indicates that they worked their way westward by importation. I cannot find them in the records of Aristotle, but Aristophanes advanced the idea that not the gods, but the birds were rulers of men in ancient times, and compared the comb of the cock with the crown of a king, and pointed out that when he "merely crows at dawn all jump up to their work" (Aves, 489-90). They were common in Italy in the days of Pliny, who was ten years old at the time of the crucifixion of Christ. Pliny gave many rules for raising chickens, proving that much was known of their habits in his time. Yet so credulous was he and so saturated with superstition, that, mixed with his instructions for preserving eggs, brooding and raising chickens, is the statement that on account of the fighting power of the cocks the lions feared them. He wrote that a man named Galerius in the time of the consuls, Lepidus and Catulus, owned a barnyard fowl that spoke. He names Lenius Strabo as the first man to devise a "coupe" to keep fowl in and "cram" them to fatness. He gave the laws governing the use of fowl at table and recorded that in Egypt eggs were hatched in manure beds, which is conclusive proof that birds had been carried across the Mediterranean several centuries previous. The records of Babylon, 600 B.C., contain figures undoubtedly intended for cocks, and they were reproduced in marble in Lycia at that time, In all these reproductions the birds have the drooping tail of the wild, and there is no record of the date at which they erected the tail, lifted the head and assumed the upright bearing of today.

Gene Stratton-Porter

3556. nossion -- a young bird
... chicken. Diminutive of neossos; a birdling -- chicken. see GREEK neossos. (nossia) --
1 Occurrence. 3555, 3556. nossion. 3556a . Strong's Numbers.
// - 5k

There is a Popular Philosophical Joke Intended to Typify the ...
... a popular philosophical joke intended to typify the endless and useless arguments
of philosophers; I mean the joke about which came first, the chicken or the ...
/.../chesterton/whats wrong with the world/chapter 2 there is a.htm

Thou Shalt not Steal.
... But some say: "Yes, rely upon that, take no thought, and see whether a roasted chicken
will fly into your mouth!" I do not say that a man shall not labor and ...
/.../ treatise on good works/thou shalt not steal.htm

I Shall Explain to You Also How it is that the Soul is Transfused ...
... And again, if any one eats bread, he must needs also become bread and be eaten.
If one kills a chicken, [1508] he will be a chicken himself. ...
/.../the acts of the disputation with the heresiarch manes/9 i shall explain to.htm

The Ethics of Elfland
... But we cannot say why an egg can turn into a chicken any more than we can
say why a bear could turn into a fairy prince. As IDEAS ...
// the ethics of elfland.htm

The Disciple, -- Master, if Thou Wouldst Make a Special ...
... very good" (Genesis 1:31). 7. The human spirit abides in the body very
much as the chicken in the shell. If it were possible for ...
// the masters feet/section ii the disciple .htm

On the Words of the Gospel, Luke xi. 5, "Which of You Shall have a ...
... 7. There remains hope, which, as I think, is compared to an egg. For hope has not
yet arrived at attainment; and an egg is something, but not yet the chicken. ...
/.../sermons on selected lessons of the new testament/sermon lv on the words.htm

The Maniac
... To the insane man his insanity is quite prosaic, because it is quite true. A man
who thinks himself a chicken is to himself as ordinary as a chicken. ...
// the maniac.htm

The Lord Our Dwelling Place
... What would we think of the little chicken that would see the hawk coming, would
hear the mother calling, and see her outspread wings, but would stand outside ...
/...// god of all comfort/chapter 8 the lord our.htm

Early Life
... A story is told that seeing a lame chicken she wrapped it in her apron and took
it home and bandaged its leg neatly, tending it with such devotion that she ...
// a swain md/early life.htm

Vesalius the Anatomist {9}
... on well, and Don Carlos, having had a wholesome fright, is, according to Doctor
Olivarez, the medico de camara, a very good lad, and lives on chicken broth and ...
/.../kingsley/historical lectures and essays/vesalius the anatomist 9.htm

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) A young bird or fowl, esp. a young barnyard fowl.

2. (n.) A young person; a child; esp. a young woman; a maiden.

Topical Bible Verses
Isaiah 25:6
And in this mountain shall the LORD of hosts make to all people a feast of fat things, a feast of wines on the lees, of fat things full of marrow, of wines on the lees well refined.

Genesis 1:1-31
In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.

...CHICKEN. chik'-'-n, chik'-in (Anglo-Saxon, cicen or cycen; Latin, Gallus ferrugineus;
alektruon, masculine and fem.): A barnyard fowl of any age. ...
/c/chicken.htm - 10k

Peep (1 Occurrence)
... Noah Webster's Dictionary 1. (vi) To cry, as a chicken hatching or newly hatched;
to chirp; to cheep. ... 4. (n.) The cry of a young chicken; a chirp. ...
/p/peep.htm - 8k

Cock (12 Occurrences)
... Judea after the Roman conquest. See CHICKEN. The cock is several times ... me
thrice" (Mark 14:30). See CHICKEN. It is hardly necessary to ...
/c/cock.htm - 13k

Gier (2 Occurrences)
... large eyes and ears, the latter entirely on the outside, and long feet." It is common
in Egypt, where it is popularly called "Pharaoh's chicken" (the Neophron ...
/g/gier.htm - 7k

Foal (10 Occurrences)
... Testament word for "colt" is polos, akin to which is German Fohle and English "foal"
and "filly." The Latin pullus signifies either "foal" or "chicken," and in ...
/f/foal.htm - 11k

Pounce (2 Occurrences)
... 9. (vi) To fall suddenly and seize with the claws; -- with on or upon; as, a hawk
pounces upon a chicken. Also used figuratively. Multi-Version Concordance ...
/p/pounce.htm - 7k

Bird (65 Occurrences)
... Noah Webster's Dictionary. 1. (n.) Orig., a chicken; the young of a fowl; a young
eaglet; a nestling; and hence, a feathered flying animal (see 2). ...
/b/bird.htm - 28k

Colt (15 Occurrences)
... Testament word for "colt" is polos, akin to which is German Fohle and English "foal"
and "filly." The Latin pullus signifies either "foal" or "chicken," and in ...
/c/colt.htm - 12k

Chezib (1 Occurrence)

/c/chezib.htm - 7k

Chickens (1 Occurrence)

/c/chickens.htm - 6k



Related Terms

Peep (1 Occurrence)

Cock (12 Occurrences)

Gier (2 Occurrences)

Foal (10 Occurrences)

Pounce (2 Occurrences)

Bird (65 Occurrences)

Colt (15 Occurrences)

Chezib (1 Occurrence)

Chickens (1 Occurrence)

Singe (1 Occurrence)

Swoop (5 Occurrences)

Partridge (2 Occurrences)

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