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International Standard Bible EncyclopediaBROTHER
bruth'-er ('ach; adelphos = kin by birth, from the same parents or parent): Used extensively in both Old Testament and New Testament of other relations and relationships, and expanding under Christ's teaching to include the universal brotherhood of man. Chiefly employed in the natural sense, as of Cain and Abel (Genesis 4:8); of Joseph and his brethren (Genesis 42:3); of Peter and Andrew, of James and John (Matthew 10:2). Of other relationships:
(yabham, "brother-in-law"; epigambreuo; Late Latin levir): He was required (Deuteronomy 25:5-10 Matthew 22:24) "to perform the duty of a husband's brother" (yibbemah); that is, if his brother, living with him on the paternal estate, died without male issue, he should take the widow to wife, and "raise up seed unto his brother," the firstborn of the new marriage inheriting the deceased brother's estate. Refusal of the duty was possible, but entailed public ceremonial disgrace and lasting reproach. This provision for a specific case modified the general law which forbade the marriage of a sister-in-law (Leviticus 18:16, 18). It was a patriarchal custom (Genesis 38; Judah and Tamar), and is alluded to in Ruth 1:11-13. A related custom is found in Ruth 4:1, Boaz playing; however, the part, not of levir ("brother-in-law"), but of go`el ("redeemer"). It was at least theoretically in force in our Lord's time (Matthew 22:23-28; the question of the Sadducees concerning the resurrection). For the origin and object of this custom see FAMILY; MARRIAGE.
JUDAS, THE LORD'S BROTHER
Greek80. adelphos -- a brother
... a brother. Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: adelphos Phonetic Spelling:
(ad-el-fos') Short Definition: a brother Definition: a brother, member ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/80.htm - 7k
5569. pseudadelphos -- a false brother
4939. suntrophos -- one brought up with, ie a foster brother or an ...
2. Aaron -- Aaron, the brother of Moses
5361. philadelphos -- loving one's brother
1918. epigambreuo -- to marry
2385. Iakobos -- James, the name of several Israelites
5376. Philippos -- "horse-loving," Philip, two sons of Herod the ...
2890. Kouartos -- Quartus, a Christian at Rome
4504. Rhouphos -- "red," Rufus, a Christian at Rome
Strong's Hebrew251. ach -- a brother
... 250, 251. ach. 252 . a brother. Transliteration: ach Phonetic Spelling:
(awkh) Short Definition: brother. Word Origin from an unused ...
/hebrew/251.htm - 6k
2992. yabam -- to perform the duty of a husband's brother
2993. yabam -- husband's brother
252. ach -- a brother
256. Achab -- "father's brother," a king of Isr., also a false ...
300. Achishachar -- "brother of (the) dawn," a Benjamite
285. Achitub -- "my brother is goodness," two Israelites
292. Achinadab -- "my brother is noble," an official of Solomon
294. Achisamak -- "my brother has supported," an Israelite
288. Achimelek -- "brother of a king," an Israelite name, also a ...
The Sinning Brother.
Quartus a Brother
The Mystery of the Lost Brother
Of the Holy Brother James of Fallerone, and How, after his Death ...
How, by the Merits of Brother Giles, the Soul of the Friend of a ...
How Brother Giles, with Three Companions was Received into the ...
To Benincasa Her Brother when He was in Florence
That He who Loves his Brother, Loves God; Because He Loves Love ...
How Brother Giles Lived by the Labour of his Hands
Smith's Bible DictionaryBrother
The Hebrew word is used in various senses in the Old Testament, as,
ATS Bible DictionaryBrother
Signifies in Scripture the son of the same parent or parents, Matthew 1:2 Luke 6:14; a cousin or near kinsman, Genesis 13:8 14:16 John 7:3 Acts 1:14; one of the same stock or country, Matthew 5:47 Acts 3:22 Hebrews 7:5; a fellow-man, and equal, Matthew 5:23 7:3; one beloved, 2 Samuel 1:26; Christians, as sons of God, Acts 9:30 11:29. In Matthew 12:46-50 13:55,56 Mark 3:31-35, the brothers of Christ are so mentioned, in connection with his mother and sisters, as almost to require us to believe they were children of Joseph and Mary, younger than Jesus. Yet this is not quite certain, as it may be that the James, Joses, and Judas in Matthew 13:55, are the nephews of Christ alluded to in Matthew 27:56 Luke 6:15,16 John 19:25; Cleophas and Alphaeus being probably the same.
Easton's Bible Dictionary
(8.) One beloved or closely united with another in affection (2 Samuel 1:26; Acts 6:3; 1 Thessalonians 5:1). Brethren of Jesus (Matthew 1:25; 12:46, 50: Mark 3:31, 32; Galatians 1:19; 1 Corinthians 9:5, etc.) were probably the younger children of Joseph and Mary. Some have supposed that they may have been the children of Joseph by a former marriage, and others that they were the children of Mary, the Virgin's sister, and wife of Cleophas. The first interpretation, however, is the most natural.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary1. (n.) A male person who has the same father and mother with another person, or who has one of them only. In the latter case he is more definitely called a half brother, or brother of the half blood.
2. (n.) One related or closely united to another by some common tie or interest, as of rank, profession, membership in a society, toil, suffering, etc.; -- used among judges, clergymen, monks, physicians, lawyers, professors of religion, etc.
3. (n.) One who, or that which, resembles another in distinctive qualities or traits of character.
ThesaurusBrother-man (2 Occurrences)
Brother-man. Brotherly, Brother-man. Brother-prisoner .
Multi-Version Concordance Brother-man (2 Occurrences). James ...
/b/brother-man.htm - 7k
Brother's (46 Occurrences)
Brother-worker (1 Occurrence)
Brother (402 Occurrences)
Brother-in-law (5 Occurrences)
Brother-workers (3 Occurrences)
Brother-servant (2 Occurrences)
Brother-prisoner (2 Occurrences)
Brother-in-law's (1 Occurrence)
Countryman (19 Occurrences)
Bible ConcordanceBrother (402 Occurrences)
Matthew 4:18 Walking by the sea of Galilee, he saw two brothers: Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew, his brother, casting a net into the sea; for they were fishermen.
Matthew 4:21 Going on from there, he saw two other brothers, James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, in the boat with Zebedee their father, mending their nets. He called them.
Matthew 5:22 But I tell you, that everyone who is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment; and whoever shall say to his brother,' Raca!' shall be in danger of the council; and whoever shall say,'You fool!' shall be in danger of the fire of Gehenna.
Matthew 5:23 "If therefore you are offering your gift at the altar, and there remember that your brother has anything against you,
Matthew 5:24 leave your gift there before the altar, and go your way. First be reconciled to your brother, and then come and offer your gift.
Matthew 7:3 Why do you see the speck that is in your brother's eye, but don't consider the beam that is in your own eye?
Matthew 7:4 Or how will you tell your brother,'Let me remove the speck from your eye;' and behold, the beam is in your own eye?
Matthew 7:5 You hypocrite! First remove the beam out of your own eye, and then you can see clearly to remove the speck out of your brother's eye.
Matthew 10:2 Now the names of the twelve apostles are these. The first, Simon, who is called Peter; Andrew, his brother; James the son of Zebedee; John, his brother;
Matthew 10:21 "Brother will deliver up brother to death, and the father his child. Children will rise up against parents, and cause them to be put to death.
Matthew 12:50 For whoever does the will of my Father who is in heaven, he is my brother, and sister, and mother."
Matthew 14:3 For Herod had laid hold of John, and bound him, and put him in prison for the sake of Herodias, his brother Philip's wife.
Matthew 17:1 After six days, Jesus took with him Peter, James, and John his brother, and brought them up into a high mountain by themselves.
Matthew 18:15 "If your brother sins against you, go, show him his fault between you and him alone. If he listens to you, you have gained back your brother.
Matthew 18:21 Then Peter came and said to him, "Lord, how often shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? Until seven times?"
Matthew 18:35 So my heavenly Father will also do to you, if you don't each forgive your brother from your hearts for his misdeeds."
Matthew 22:24 saying, "Teacher, Moses said,'If a man dies, having no children, his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up seed for his brother.'
Matthew 22:25 Now there were with us seven brothers. The first married and died, and having no seed left his wife to his brother.
Matthew 22:26 In like manner the second also, and the third, to the seventh.
Mark 1:16 Passing along by the sea of Galilee, he saw Simon and Andrew the brother of Simon casting a net into the sea, for they were fishermen.
Mark 1:19 Going on a little further from there, he saw James the son of Zebedee, and John, his brother, who were also in the boat mending the nets.
Mark 3:17 James the son of Zebedee; John, the brother of James, and he surnamed them Boanerges, which means, Sons of Thunder;
Mark 3:35 For whoever does the will of God, the same is my brother, and my sister, and mother."
Mark 5:37 He allowed no one to follow him, except Peter, James, and John the brother of James.
Mark 6:3 Isn't this the carpenter, the son of Mary, and brother of James, Joses, Judah, and Simon? Aren't his sisters here with us?" They were offended at him.
Mark 6:17 For Herod himself had sent out and arrested John, and bound him in prison for the sake of Herodias, his brother Philip's wife, for he had married her.
Mark 6:18 For John said to Herod, "It is not lawful for you to have your brother's wife."
Mark 12:19 "Teacher, Moses wrote to us,'If a man's brother dies, and leaves a wife behind him, and leaves no children, that his brother should take his wife, and raise up offspring for his brother.'
Mark 13:12 "Brother will deliver up brother to death, and the father his child. Children will rise up against parents, and cause them to be put to death.
Luke 3:1 Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of the region of Ituraea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene,
Luke 3:19 but Herod the tetrarch, being reproved by him for Herodias, his brother's wife, and for all the evil things which Herod had done,
Luke 6:14 Simon, whom he also named Peter; Andrew, his brother; James; John; Philip; Bartholomew;
Luke 6:16 And Judas the brother of James, and Judas Iscariot, which also was the traitor.
Luke 6:41 Why do you see the speck of chaff that is in your brother's eye, but don't consider the beam that is in your own eye?
Luke 6:42 Or how can you tell your brother,'Brother, let me remove the speck of chaff that is in your eye,' when you yourself don't see the beam that is in your own eye? You hypocrite! First remove the beam from your own eye, and then you can see clearly to remove the speck of chaff that is in your brother's eye.
Luke 12:13 One of the multitude said to him, "Teacher, tell my brother to divide the inheritance with me."
Luke 15:27 He said to him,'Your brother has come, and your father has killed the fattened calf, because he has received him back safe and healthy.'
Luke 15:28 But he was angry, and would not go in. Therefore his father came out, and begged him.
Luke 15:32 But it was appropriate to celebrate and be glad, for this, your brother, was dead, and is alive again. He was lost, and is found.'"
Luke 17:3 Be careful. If your brother sins against you, rebuke him. If he repents, forgive him.
Luke 20:28 They asked him, "Teacher, Moses wrote to us that if a man's brother dies having a wife, and he is childless, his brother should take the wife, and raise up children for his brother.
John 1:40 One of the two who heard John, and followed him, was Andrew, Simon Peter's brother.
John 1:41 He first found his own brother, Simon, and said to him, "We have found the Messiah!" (which is, being interpreted, Christ).
John 6:8 One of his disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, said to him,
John 11:2 It was that Mary who had anointed the Lord with ointment, and wiped his feet with her hair, whose brother, Lazarus, was sick.
John 11:19 Many of the Jews had joined the women around Martha and Mary, to console them concerning their brother.
John 11:21 Therefore Martha said to Jesus, "Lord, if you would have been here, my brother wouldn't have died.
John 11:23 Jesus said to her, "Your brother will rise again."
John 11:32 Therefore when Mary came to where Jesus was, and saw him, she fell down at his feet, saying to him, "Lord, if you would have been here, my brother wouldn't have died."
Acts 1:13 And when they were come in, they went up into an upper room, where abode both Peter, and James, and John, and Andrew, Philip, and Thomas, Bartholomew, and Matthew, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon Zelotes, and Judas the brother of James.
Acts 9:17 Ananias departed, and entered into the house. Laying his hands on him, he said, "Brother Saul, the Lord, who appeared to you on the road by which you came, has sent me, that you may receive your sight, and be filled with the Holy Spirit."
Acts 12:2 He killed James, the brother of John, with the sword.
Acts 13:1 Now in the assembly that was at Antioch there were some prophets and teachers: Barnabas, Simeon who was called Niger, Lucius of Cyrene, Manaen the foster brother of Herod the tetrarch, and Saul.
Acts 21:20 They, when they heard it, glorified God. They said to him, "You see, brother, how many thousands there are among the Jews of those who have believed, and they are all zealous for the law.
Acts 22:13 came to me, and standing by me said to me,'Brother Saul, receive your sight!' In that very hour I looked up at him.
Acts 23:5 Paul said, "I didn't know, brothers, that he was high priest. For it is written,'You shall not speak evil of a ruler of your people.'"
Romans 14:10 But you, why do you judge your brother? Or you again, why do you despise your brother? For we will all stand before the judgment seat of Christ.
Romans 14:13 Therefore let's not judge one another any more, but judge this rather, that no man put a stumbling block in his brother's way, or an occasion for falling.
Romans 14:15 Yet if because of food your brother is grieved, you walk no longer in love. Don't destroy with your food him for whom Christ died.
Romans 14:21 It is good to not eat meat, drink wine, nor do anything by which your brother stumbles, is offended, or is made weak.
Romans 16:23 Gaius, my host and host of the whole assembly, greets you. Erastus, the treasurer of the city, greets you, as does Quartus, the brother.
1 Corinthians 1:1 Paul, called to be an apostle of Jesus Christ through the will of God, and our brother Sosthenes,
1 Corinthians 4:6 Now these things, brothers, I have in a figure transferred to myself and Apollos for your sakes, that in us you might learn not to think beyond the things which are written, that none of you be puffed up against one another.
1 Corinthians 4:7 Why, who gives you your superiority, my brother? Or what have you that you did not receive? And if you really did receive it, why boast as if this were not so?
1 Corinthians 5:11 But as it is, I wrote to you not to associate with anyone who is called a brother who is a sexual sinner, or covetous, or an idolater, or a slanderer, or a drunkard, or an extortioner. Don't even eat with such a person.
1 Corinthians 6:1 Dare any of you, having a matter against his neighbor, go to law before the unrighteous, and not before the saints?
1 Corinthians 6:5 I say this to move you to shame. Isn't there even one wise man among you who would be able to decide between his brothers?
1 Corinthians 6:6 But brother goes to law with brother, and that before unbelievers!
1 Corinthians 7:12 But to the rest I-not the Lord-say, if any brother has an unbelieving wife, and she is content to live with him, let him not leave her.
1 Corinthians 7:14 For, in such cases, the unbelieving husband has become--and is--holy through union with a Christian woman, and the unbelieving wife is holy through union with a Christian brother. Otherwise your children would be unholy, but in reality they have a place among God's people.
1 Corinthians 7:15 Yet if the unbeliever departs, let there be separation. The brother or the sister is not under bondage in such cases, but God has called us in peace.
1 Corinthians 8:11 And through your knowledge, he who is weak perishes, the brother for whose sake Christ died.
1 Corinthians 8:13 Therefore, if food causes my brother to stumble, I will eat no meat forevermore, that I don't cause my brother to stumble.
1 Corinthians 16:12 Now concerning Apollos, the brother, I strongly urged him to come to you with the brothers; and it was not at all his desire to come now; but he will come when he has an opportunity.
2 Corinthians 1:1 Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus through the will of God, and Timothy our brother, to the assembly of God which is at Corinth, with all the saints who are in the whole of Achaia:
2 Corinthians 2:13 I had no relief for my spirit, because I didn't find Titus, my brother, but taking my leave of them, I went out into Macedonia.
2 Corinthians 8:18 We have sent together with him the brother whose praise in the Good News is known through all the assemblies.
2 Corinthians 8:22 We have sent with them our brother, whom we have many times proved earnest in many things, but now much more earnest, by reason of the great confidence which he has in you.
2 Corinthians 12:18 I exhorted Titus, and I sent the brother with him. Did Titus take any advantage of you? Didn't we walk in the same spirit? Didn't we walk in the same steps?
Galatians 1:19 But of the other apostles I saw no one, except James, the Lord's brother.
Ephesians 6:21 But that you also may know my affairs, how I am doing, Tychicus, the beloved brother and faithful servant in the Lord, will make known to you all things;
Philippians 2:25 But I counted it necessary to send to you Epaphroditus, my brother, fellow worker, fellow soldier, and your apostle and servant of my need;
Colossians 1:1 Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus through the will of God, and Timothy our brother,
Colossians 3:13 Being gentle to one another and having forgiveness for one another, if anyone has done wrong to his brother, even as the Lord had forgiveness for you:
Colossians 4:7 All my affairs will be made known to you by Tychicus, the beloved brother, faithful servant, and fellow bondservant in the Lord.
Colossians 4:9 together with Onesimus, the faithful and beloved brother, who is one of you. They will make known to you everything that is going on here.
1 Thessalonians 3:2 and sent Timothy, our brother and God's servant in the Good News of Christ, to establish you, and to comfort you concerning your faith;
1 Thessalonians 4:6 that no one should take advantage of and wrong a brother or sister in this matter; because the Lord is an avenger in all these things, as also we forewarned you and testified.
1 Thessalonians 4:8 He therefore that in this disregards his brother, disregards, not man, but God, who has given also his Holy Spirit to you.
2 Thessalonians 3:6 Now we command you, brothers, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that you withdraw yourselves from every brother who walks in rebellion, and not after the tradition which they received from us.
2 Thessalonians 3:15 Don't count him as an enemy, but admonish him as a brother.
Philemon 1:1 Paul, a prisoner of Christ Jesus, and Timothy our brother, to Philemon, our beloved fellow worker,
Philemon 1:2 And to Apphia, our sister, and to Archippus, our brother in God's army, and to the church in your house:
Philemon 1:4 I give continual thanks to my God while making mention of you, my brother, in my prayers,
Philemon 1:7 For we have much joy and comfort in your love, because the hearts of the saints have been refreshed through you, brother.
Philemon 1:16 no longer as a slave, but more than a slave, a beloved brother, especially to me, but how much rather to you, both in the flesh and in the Lord.
Philemon 1:17 If then you take me to be your friend and brother, take him in as myself.
Philemon 1:20 Yes, brother, let me have joy from you in the Lord. Refresh my heart in the Lord.
Philemon 1:23 Greetings to you, my brother, from Epaphras my fellow prisoner for the sake of Christ Jesus;
Hebrews 8:11 They will not teach every man his fellow citizen, and every man his brother, saying,'Know the Lord,' for all will know me, from the least of them to the greatest of them.
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