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International Standard Bible EncyclopediaBESOR, THE BROOK
be'-sor, (nachal besor; Codex Alexandrinus, Bechor, Codex Vaticanus, Beana; 1 Samuel 30:9, 20, 21; Josephus, Ant, VI, xiv, 6): A torrent-bed (nachal) mentioned in the account of David's pursuit of the Amalekites. Thought to be Wady Ghazza, which enters the sea Southwest of Gaza.
brook (nachal, 'aphiq, ye'or, mikhal; cheimarrhos): In Palestine there are few large streams. Of the smaller ones many flow only during the winter, or after a heavy rain. The commonest Hebrew word for brook is nachal, which is also used for river and for valley, and it is not always clear whether the valley or the stream in the valley is meant (Numbers 13:23 Deuteronomy 2:13 2 Samuel 15:23). The Arabic wady, which is sometimes referred to in this connection, is not an exact parallel, for while it may be used of a dry valley or of a valley containing a stream, it means the valley and not the stream. 'Aphiq and ye'or are translated both "brook" and "river," ye'or being generally used of the Nile (Exodus 1:22, etc.), though in Daniel 12:5-7, of the Tigris. Cheirnarrhos, "winter-flowing," is applied in John 18:1 to the Kidron. Many of the streams of Palestine which are commonly called rivers would in other countries be called brooks, but in such a dry country any perennial stream assumes a peculiar importance.
BROOK OF EGYPT, THE
(nachal = "a flowing stream," "a valley"; best translated by the oriental word wady, which means, as the Hebrew word does, both a stream and its valley).
CHERITH, THE BROOK
ke'-rith (nachal kerith; Cheimarrhous Chorrhath): The place where Elijah hid and was miraculously fed, after announcing the drought to Ahab (1 Kings 17:3). It is described as being "before," that is "east," of Jordan. It cannot therefore be identified with Wady el-Kelt, to the West of Jericho. The retreat must be sought in some recess of the Gilead uplands with which doubtless Elijah had been familiar in his earlier days.
KIDRON, THE BROOK
(nachal qidhron; in John 18:1 (the King James Version Cedron), ho cheimarrhous ton Kedron, according to the Revised Version margin, the last two words are to be considered as meaning "of the cedars." The Hebrew word has been very generally accepted as from qadhar, "to become black," but it is an attractive suggestion (Cheyne) that it may be a phonetic variation of gidderon, "a spot for enclosures for cattle," of which latter there must have been many around the now buried caves which lay at the base of the cliffs around the spring Gihon):
MOCHMUR, THE BROOK
mok'-mur, ho cheimarrhos Mochmour): The torrent bed in a valley on which stood Chusi, not far from Ekrebel (Judith 7:18). The latter may be identified with `Aqrabeh, East of Nablus. Wady Makhfuriyeh runs to the South of `Aqrabeh, and probably represents the ancient Mochmur.
WILLOWS, THE BROOK OF THE
EGYPT, BROOK (RIVER, STREAM) OF
See BROOK OF EGYPT.
Greek2748. Kedron -- Kidron, a brook and wadi near Jer.
... Kedron. 2749 . Kidron, a brook and wadi near Jer. ... Word Origin of Hebrew origin
Qidron Definition Kidron, a brook and wadi near Jer. NASB Word Usage Kidron (1). ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2748.htm - 6k
5493. cheimarros -- flowing in winter, a torrent
4215. potamos -- a river
1068. Gethsemani -- Gethsemane, an olive orchard on the Mt. of ...
Strong's Hebrew4323. mikal -- a brook, stream
... 4322, 4323. mikal. 4324 . a brook, stream. Transliteration: mikal Phonetic
Spelling: (me-kawl') Short Definition: brook. Word Origin ...
/hebrew/4323.htm - 6k
3747. Kerith -- a brook where Elijah was hidden
5158. nachal -- torrent, torrent-valley, wadi
650. aphiq -- a channel
5158a. nachal -- torrent, torrent-valley, wadi
2975. yeor -- stream (of the Nile), stream, canal
2218. Zered -- a wadi East of the Dead Sea
6939. Qidron -- perhaps "dusky," a wadi East of Jer.
5158b. nachal -- nachal
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ATS Bible DictionaryBrook
Easton's Bible DictionaryA torrent.
(1.) Applied to small streams, as the Arnon, Jabbok, etc. Isaiah (15:7) speaks of the "book of the willows," probably the Wady-el-Asha.
(3.) In Isaiah 19:7 the river Nile is meant, as rendered in the Revised Version.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary1. (n.) A natural stream of water smaller than a river or creek.
2. (v. t.) To use; to enjoy.
3. (v. t.) To bear; to endure; to put up with; to tolerate; as, young men can not brook restraint.
ThesaurusBrook (75 Occurrences)
... 2. (vt) To use; to enjoy. 3. (vt) To bear; to endure; to put up with; to tolerate;
as, young men can not brook restraint. ... BESOR, THE BROOK. ...
/b/brook.htm - 45k
Kanah (3 Occurrences)
Wadi (11 Occurrences)
Ravine (26 Occurrences)
Kidron (11 Occurrences)
Willows (5 Occurrences)
Zered (3 Occurrences)
Besor (3 Occurrences)
Cherith (2 Occurrences)
Outgoings (21 Occurrences)
Bible ConcordanceBrook (75 Occurrences)
John 18:1 When Jesus had spoken these words, he went out with his disciples over the brook Kidron, where there was a garden, into which he and his disciples entered.
Genesis 32:23 And he took them, and sent them over the brook, and sent over that he had.
Leviticus 23:40 You shall take on the first day the fruit of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook; and you shall rejoice before Yahweh your God seven days.
Numbers 13:23 And they came unto the brook of Eshcol, and cut down from thence a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they bare it between two upon a staff; and they brought of the pomegranates, and of the figs.
Numbers 13:24 The place was called the brook Eshcol, because of the cluster of grapes which the children of Israel cut down from thence.
Numbers 34:5 and the border shall turn about from Azmon to the brook of Egypt, and the goings out of it shall be at the sea.
Deuteronomy 2:13 "Now rise up, and cross over the brook Zered." We went over the brook Zered.
Deuteronomy 2:14 The days in which we came from Kadesh Barnea, until we were come over the brook Zered, were thirty-eight years; until all the generation of the men of war were consumed from the midst of the camp, as Yahweh swore to them.
Deuteronomy 2:24 Rise ye, journey and pass over the brook Arnon; see, I have given into thy hand Sihon king of Heshbon, the Amorite, and his land; begin to possess, and stir up thyself against him 'in' battle.
Deuteronomy 2:36 From Aroer, which 'is' by the edge of the brook Arnon, and the city which 'is' by the brook, even unto Gilead there hath not been a city which 'is' too high for us; the whole hath Jehovah our God given before us.
Deuteronomy 2:37 Only, unto the land of the sons of Ammon thou hast not drawn near, any part of the brook Jabbok, and cities of the hill-country, and anything which Jehovah our God hath 'not' commanded.
Deuteronomy 3:8 And we take, at that time, the land out of the hand of the two kings of the Amorite, which is beyond the Jordan, from the brook Arnon unto mount Hermon;
Deuteronomy 3:12 And this land we have possessed, at that time; from Aroer, which 'is' by the brook Arnon, and the half of mount Gilead, and its cities, I have given to the Reubenite, and to the Gadite;
Deuteronomy 4:48 from Aroer, which 'is' by the edge of the brook Arnon, even unto mount Sion, which 'is' Hermon --
Deuteronomy 9:21 I took your sin, the calf which you had made, and burnt it with fire, and stamped it, grinding it very small, until it was as fine as dust: and I cast its dust into the brook that descended out of the mountain.
Joshua 12:1 And these 'are' kings of the land whom the sons of Israel have smitten, and possess their land, beyond the Jordan, at the sun-rising, from the brook Arnon unto mount Hermon, and all the plain eastward.
Joshua 12:2 Sihon, king of the Amorite, who is dwelling in Heshbon, ruling from Aroer which 'is' on the border of the brook Arnon, and the middle of the brook, and half of Gilead, and unto Jabok the brook, the border of the Bene-Ammon;
Joshua 13:9 from Aroer, which 'is' on the edge of the brook Arnon, and the city which 'is' in the midst of the brook, and all the plain of Medeba unto Dihon,
Joshua 13:16 and the border is to them from Aroer, which 'is' on the edge of the brook Arnon, and the city which 'is' in the midst of the brook, and all the plain by Medeba,
Joshua 15:4 and it passed along to Azmon, went out at the brook of Egypt; and the border ended at the sea. This shall be your south border.
Joshua 15:7 and the border went up to Debir from the valley of Achor, and so northward, looking toward Gilgal, that is over against the ascent of Adummim, which is on the south side of the river; and the border passed along to the waters of En-shemesh, and the goings out thereof were at En-rogel;
Joshua 15:47 Ashdod, its towns and its villages; Gaza, its towns and its villages; to the brook of Egypt, and the great sea with its coastline.
Joshua 16:8 From Tappuah the border went along westward to the brook of Kanah; and ended at the sea. This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Ephraim according to their families;
Joshua 17:9 The border went down to the brook of Kanah, southward of the brook. These cities belonged to Ephraim among the cities of Manasseh. The border of Manasseh was on the north side of the brook, and ended at the sea.
Joshua 19:11 Their border went up westward, even to Maralah, and reached to Dabbesheth. It reached to the brook that is before Jokneam.
Judges 4:7 And I will draw unto thee, to the river Kishon, Sisera, the captain of Jabin's army, with his chariots and his multitude; and I will deliver him into thy hand.
Judges 4:13 And Sisera gathered together all his chariots, even nine hundred chariots of iron, and all the people that were with him, from Harosheth of the Gentiles, unto the river Kishon.
Judges 5:21 The river Kishon swept them away, That ancient river, the river Kishon. O my soul, march on with strength.
1 Samuel 17:40 He took his staff in his hand, and chose for himself five smooth stones out of the brook, and put them in the shepherd's bag which he had, even in his wallet. His sling was in his hand; and he drew near to the Philistine.
1 Samuel 30:9 So David went, he and the six hundred men who were with him, and came to the brook Besor, where those who were left behind stayed.
1 Samuel 30:10 But David pursued, he and four hundred men; for two hundred stayed behind, who were so faint that they couldn't go over the brook Besor.
1 Samuel 30:21 David came to the two hundred men, who were so faint that they could not follow David, whom also they had made to stay at the brook Besor; and they went forth to meet David, and to meet the people who were with him. When David came near to the people, he greeted them.
2 Samuel 15:23 All the country wept with a loud voice, and all the people passed over: the king also himself passed over the brook Kidron, and all the people passed over, toward the way of the wilderness.
2 Samuel 17:13 And if unto a city he is gathered, then they have caused all Israel to bear unto that city ropes, and we have drawn it unto the brook till that there hath not been found there even a stone.'
2 Samuel 17:20 Absalom's servants came to the woman to the house; and they said, "Where are Ahimaaz and Jonathan?" The woman said to them, "They have gone over the brook of water." When they had sought and could not find them, they returned to Jerusalem.
2 Samuel 24:5 and they pass over the Jordan, and encamp in Aroer, on the right of the city that 'is' in the midst of the brook of Gad, and unto Jazer,
1 Kings 2:37 For on the day you go out, and pass over the brook Kidron, know for certain that you shall surely die: your blood shall be on your own head."
1 Kings 8:65 So Solomon held the feast at that time, and all Israel with him, a great assembly, from the entrance of Hamath to the brook of Egypt, before Yahweh our God, seven days and seven days, even fourteen days.
1 Kings 15:13 Also Maacah his mother he removed from being queen, because she had made an abominable image for an Asherah; and Asa cut down her image, and burnt it at the brook Kidron.
1 Kings 17:3 "Go away from here, turn eastward, and hide yourself by the brook Cherith, that is before the Jordan.
1 Kings 17:4 It shall be, that you shall drink of the brook. I have commanded the ravens to feed you there."
1 Kings 17:5 So he went and did according to the word of Yahweh; for he went and lived by the brook Cherith, that is before the Jordan.
1 Kings 17:6 The ravens brought him bread and flesh in the morning, and bread and flesh in the evening; and he drank of the brook.
1 Kings 17:7 It happened after a while, that the brook dried up, because there was no rain in the land.
1 Kings 18:40 Elijah said to them, "Seize the prophets of Baal! Don't let one of them escape!" They seized them. Elijah brought them down to the brook Kishon, and killed them there.
2 Kings 10:33 from the Jordan, at the sun-rising, the whole land of Gilead, of the Gadite, and the Reubenite, and the Manassahite (from Aroer, that 'is' by the brook Arnon), even Gilead and Bashan.
2 Kings 23:6 He brought out the Asherah from the house of Yahweh, outside of Jerusalem, to the brook Kidron, and burned it at the brook Kidron, and beat it to dust, and cast its dust on the graves of the common people.
2 Kings 23:12 The altars that were on the roof of the upper chamber of Ahaz, which the kings of Judah had made, and the altars which Manasseh had made in the two courts of the house of Yahweh, did the king break down, and beat them down from there, and cast the dust of them into the brook Kidron.
2 Kings 24:7 The king of Egypt didn't come again out of his land any more; for the king of Babylon had taken, from the brook of Egypt to the river Euphrates, all that pertained to the king of Egypt.
1 Chronicles 13:5 So David assembled all Israel together, from the Shihor the brook of Egypt even to the entrance of Hamath, to bring the ark of God from Kiriath Jearim.
2 Chronicles 7:8 So Solomon held the feast at that time seven days, and all Israel with him, a very great assembly, from the entrance of Hamath to the brook of Egypt.
2 Chronicles 15:16 Also Maacah, the mother of Asa the king, he removed from being queen, because she had made an abominable image for an Asherah; and Asa cut down her image, and made dust of it, and burnt it at the brook Kidron.
2 Chronicles 20:16 To morrow go ye down against them: behold, they come up by the cliff of Ziz; and ye shall find them at the end of the brook, before the wilderness of Jeruel.
2 Chronicles 29:16 The priests went in to the inner part of the house of Yahweh, to cleanse it, and brought out all the uncleanness that they found in the temple of Yahweh into the court of the house of Yahweh. The Levites took it, to carry it out abroad to the brook Kidron.
2 Chronicles 30:14 They arose and took away the altars that were in Jerusalem, and all the altars for incense took they away, and cast them into the brook Kidron.
2 Chronicles 32:4 So there was gathered much people together, and they stopped all the springs, and the brook that flowed through the midst of the land, saying, Why should the kings of Assyria come, and find much water?
Nehemiah 2:15 Then went I up in the night by the brook, and viewed the wall; and I turned back, and entered by the valley gate, and so returned.
Job 6:15 My brothers have dealt deceitfully as a brook, as the channel of brooks that pass away;
Job 40:22 The lotuses cover him with their shade. The willows of the brook surround him.
Psalms 74:15 Thou didst cleave fountain and flood: Thou driedst up mighty rivers.
Psalms 83:9 Do unto them as unto the Midianites; as to Sisera, as to Jabin, at the brook of Kison:
Psalms 110:7 He will drink of the brook in the way; therefore he will lift up his head.
Proverbs 18:4 The words of a man's mouth are like deep waters. The fountain of wisdom is like a flowing brook.
Isaiah 15:7 Therefore they will carry away the abundance they have gotten, and that which they have stored up, over the brook of the willows.
Isaiah 19:7 The paper reeds by the brooks, by the mouth of the brooks, and every thing sown by the brooks, shall wither, be driven away, and be no more.
Isaiah 19:8 The fishers also shall mourn, and all they that cast angle into the brooks shall lament, and they that spread nets upon the waters shall languish.
Isaiah 23:3 And in many waters 'is' the seed of Sihor, The harvest of the brook 'is' her increase, And she is a mart of nations.
Isaiah 23:10 Pass through thy land as a brook, Daughter of Tarshish, there is no more a girdle.
Isaiah 27:12 It will happen in that day, that Yahweh will thresh from the flowing stream of the Euphrates to the brook of Egypt; and you will be gathered one by one, children of Israel.
Isaiah 57:6 Among the smooth things of a brook 'is' thy portion, They -- they 'are' thy lot, Also to them thou hast poured out an oblation, Thou hast caused a present to ascend, For these things am I comforted?
Jeremiah 15:18 Why is my pain perpetual, and my wound incurable, which refuses to be healed? will you indeed be to me as a deceitful brook, as waters that fail?
Jeremiah 31:40 The whole valley of the dead bodies and of the ashes, and all the fields to the brook Kidron, to the corner of the horse gate toward the east, shall be holy to Yahweh; it shall not be plucked up, nor thrown down any more forever.
Ezekiel 47:19 The south side southward shall be from Tamar as far as the waters of Meriboth Kadesh, to the brook of Egypt, to the great sea. This is the south side southward.
Ezekiel 48:28 By the border of Gad, at the south side southward, the border shall be even from Tamar to the waters of Meribath Kadesh, to the brook of Egypt, to the great sea.
Amos 6:14 For, behold, I will raise up against you a nation, house of Israel," says Yahweh, the God of Armies; "and they will afflict you from the entrance of Hamath to the brook of the Arabah."
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