International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
BASEMATH; BASHEMATH; BASMATH
bas'-e-math, bash'-e-math, bas'-math (basemath, "fragrant"):
(1) Basemath, one of the wives of Esau, a daughter of Elon, the Hittite (Genesis 26:34; the King James Version Bashemath), probably identical with or a sister of Adah whom he also married (Genesis 36:2). Compare ADAH.
(2) Basemath (the King James Version Bashemath), another wife of Esau, a daughter of Ishmael and a sister of Nebaioth (Genesis 36:3, 4, 10, 13, 17). This wife is also called Mahalath (Genesis 28:9), and is of the house of Abraham. Esau married her because his father was not pleased with his other wives who were daughters of Canaan. Compare MAHALATH.
(3) Basemath (the King James Version Basmath), the daughter of Solomon, and wife of Ahimaaz, a commissariat-officer in the service of Solomon (1 Kings 4:15).
A. L. Breslich