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International Standard Bible EncyclopediaACHISH
a'-kish ('akhish): King of the city of Gath in the days of David. His father's name is given as Maoch (1 Samuel 27:2), and Maacah (1 Kings 2:39). David sought the protection of Achish when he first fled from Saul, and just after his visit to Nob (1 Samuel 21:10-15). Fearing rough treatment or betrayal by Achish, he feigned madness. But this made him unwelcome, whereupon he fled to the Cave of Adullam (1 Samuel 22:1). Later in his fugitive period David returned to Gath to be hospitably received by Achish (1 Samuel 27:1), who gave him the town of Ziklag for his home. A year later, when the Philistines invaded the land of Israel, in the campaign which ended so disastrously for Saul (1 Samuel 31), Achish wished David to participate (1 Samuel 28:1-2), but the lords of the Philistines objected so strenuously, when they found him and his men with the forces of Achish, that Achish was compelled to send them back. Achish must have been a young man at this time, for he was still ruling forty years later at the beginning of Solomon's reign (1 Kings 2:39). He is mentioned as Abimelech in the title of Psalm 34. See ABIMELECH.
Strong's Hebrew397. Akish -- king of Gath
... 396, 397. Akish. 398 . king of Gath. Transliteration: Akish Phonetic Spelling:
(aw-keesh') Short Definition: Achish. Word ... Achish. Of ...
/hebrew/397.htm - 5k
Making the Best of Trouble
A Song of Deliverance
The Bright Dawn of a Reign
The Exile Continued.
How David, when He had Twice the Opportunity of Killing Saul did ...
The Statute of David for the Sharing of the Spoil
Now Saul Upon God's not Answering Him Concerning the Fight with ...
The History of David
Historical Criticism of Mediæval Amplifications.
Hitchcock's Bible Names DictionaryAchish
Smith's Bible DictionaryAchish
(angry), a Philistine king of Gath, who in the title of the 34th Psalm is called Abimelech. David twice found a refuge with him when he fled from Saul. (B.C. 1061.) On the first occasion he was alarmed for his safety, feigned madness, and was sent away.
ATS Bible DictionaryAchish
Kin of Gath, a city of the Philistines, to whom David twice fled for protection from Saul. On the first occasion, being recognized by the king's officers, and thinking his life in danger, he feigned madness, and by this device escaped, 1 Samuel 21:10. Several years after, he returned with a band of 600 men, and was welcomed by Achish as an enemy of Saul and of Israel. Achish gave him Ziklag for a residence; and being deceived as to the views and operations of David, expected his assistance in a war with Israel, but was persuaded by his officers to send him home to Ziklag, 1 Samuel 27:1-29:11.
Easton's Bible DictionaryAngry, perhaps only a general title of royalty applicable to the Philistine kings.
(1.) The king with whom David sought refuge when he fled from Saul (1 Samuel 21:10-15). He is called Abimelech in the superscription of Psalm 34. It was probably this same king to whom David a second time repaired at the head of a band of 600 warriors, and who assigned him Ziklag, whence he carried on war against the surrounding tribes (1 Samuel 27:5-12). Achish had great confidence in the valour and fidelity of David (1 Samuel 28:1, 2), but at the instigation of his courtiers did not permit him to go up to battle along with the Philistine hosts (1 Samuel 29:2-11). David remained with Achish a year and four months.
(2.) Another king of Gath, probably grandson of the foregoing, to whom the two servants of Shimei fled. This led Shimei to go to Gath in pursuit of them, and the consequence was that Solomon put him to death (1 Kings 2:39-46).
ThesaurusAchish (20 Occurrences)
...Achish had great confidence in the valour and fidelity of David (1 Samuel 28:1,
2), but at the instigation of his courtiers did not permit him to go up to ...
/a/achish.htm - 16k
A'chish (17 Occurrences)
Gath (44 Occurrences)
Ziklag (13 Occurrences)
Maachah (19 Occurrences)
Maoch (1 Occurrence)
Abimelech (63 Occurrences)
Reconciliation (11 Occurrences)
Madness (13 Occurrences)
Bodyguard (23 Occurrences)
Bible ConcordanceAchish (20 Occurrences)
1 Samuel 21:10 David arose, and fled that day for fear of Saul, and went to Achish the king of Gath.
1 Samuel 21:11 The servants of Achish said to him, "Isn't this David the king of the land? Didn't they sing one to another about him in dances, saying,'Saul has slain his thousands, David his ten thousands?'"
1 Samuel 21:12 David laid up these words in his heart, and was very afraid of Achish the king of Gath.
1 Samuel 21:14 Then said Achish to his servants, "Look, you see the man is mad. Why then have you brought him to me?
1 Samuel 27:2 David arose, and passed over, he and the six hundred men who were with him, to Achish the son of Maoch, king of Gath.
1 Samuel 27:3 David lived with Achish at Gath, he and his men, every man with his household, even David with his two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the Carmelitess, Nabal's wife.
1 Samuel 27:5 David said to Achish, "If now I have found favor in your eyes, let them give me a place in one of the cities in the country, that I may dwell there. For why should your servant dwell in the royal city with you?"
1 Samuel 27:6 Then Achish gave him Ziklag that day: why Ziklag pertains to the kings of Judah to this day.
1 Samuel 27:9 David struck the land, and saved neither man nor woman alive, and took away the sheep, and the cattle, and the donkeys, and the camels, and the clothing; and he returned, and came to Achish.
1 Samuel 27:10 Achish said, "Against whom have you made a raid today?" David said, "Against the South of Judah, against the South of the Jerahmeelites, and against the South of the Kenites."
1 Samuel 27:12 Achish believed David, saying, "He has made his people Israel utterly to abhor him. Therefore he shall be my servant forever."
1 Samuel 28:1 It happened in those days, that the Philistines gathered their armies together for warfare, to fight with Israel. Achish said to David, "Know assuredly that you shall go out with me in the army, you and your men."
1 Samuel 28:2 David said to Achish, "Therefore you shall know what your servant will do." Achish said to David, "Therefore will I make you my bodyguard for ever."
1 Samuel 29:2 The lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands; and David and his men passed on in the rearward with Achish.
1 Samuel 29:3 Then said the princes of the Philistines, "What about these Hebrews?" Achish said to the princes of the Philistines, "Isn't this David, the servant of Saul the king of Israel, who has been with me these days, or rather these years, and I have found no fault in him since he fell away to this day?"
1 Samuel 29:6 Then Achish called David, and said to him, "As Yahweh lives, you have been upright, and your going out and your coming in with me in the army is good in my sight; for I have not found evil in you since the day of your coming to me to this day. Nevertheless, the lords don't favor you.
1 Samuel 29:8 David said to Achish, "But what have I done? What have you found in your servant so long as I have been before you to this day, that I may not go and fight against the enemies of my lord the king?"
1 Samuel 29:9 Achish answered David, "I know that you are good in my sight, as an angel of God. Notwithstanding the princes of the Philistines have said,'He shall not go up with us to the battle.'
1 Kings 2:39 It happened at the end of three years, that two of the servants of Shimei ran away to Achish, son of Maacah, king of Gath. They told Shimei, saying, "Behold, your servants are in Gath."
1 Kings 2:40 Shimei arose, and saddled his donkey, and went to Gath to Achish, to seek his servants; and Shimei went, and brought his servants from Gath.
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