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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

a'-kan (`akhan (in 1 Chronicles 2:7 Achar, `akhar, "troubler"): The descendant of Zerah the son of Judah who was put to death, in Joshua's time, for stealing some of the "devoted" spoil of the city of Jericho (Joshua 7). The stem `akhan is not used in Hebrew except in this name. The stem `akhar has sufficient use to define it. It denotes trouble of the most serious kind-Jacob's trouble when his sons had brought him into blood feud with his Canaanite neighbors, or Jephthah's trouble when his vow required him to sacrifice his daughter (Genesis 34:30 Judges 11:35). In Proverbs 11:17, 29; Proverbs 15:6, 27) the word is used with intensity to describe the results of cruelty, disloyalty, greed, wickedness. The record especially speaks of Achan's conduct as the troubling of Israel (1 Chronicles 2:7 Joshua 6:18; Joshua 7:24). In an outburst of temper Jonathan speaks of Saul as having troubled the land (1 Samuel 14:29). Elijah and Ahab accuse each the other of being the troubler of Israel (1 Kings 18:17, 18). The stem also appears in the two proper names ACHOR and OCHRAN (which see).

The crime of Achan was a serious one. Quite apart from all questions of supposable superstition, or even religion, the cherem concerning Jericho had been proclaimed, and to disobey the proclamation was disobedience to military orders in an army that was facing the enemy. It is commonly held that Achan's family were put to death with him, though they were innocent; but the record is not explicit on these points. One whose habits of thought lead him to expect features of primitive savagery in such a case as this will be sure to find what he expects; a person of different habits will not be sure that the record says that any greater cruelty was practiced on the family of Achan than that of compelling them to be present at the execution. Those who hold that the Deuteronomic legislation comes in any sense from Moses should not be in haste to think that its precepts were violated by Joshua in the case of Achan (see Deuteronomy 24:16). The record says that the execution took place in the arable valley of Achor, up from the Jordan valley. See ACHOR.

Willis J. Beecher

Strong's Hebrew
5912. Akan -- an Israelite name
... 5911, 5912. Akan. 5913 . an Israelite name. Transliteration: Akan Phonetic
Spelling: (aw-kawn') Short Definition: Achan. ... name NASB Word Usage Achan (6). Achan ...
/hebrew/5912.htm - 6k

Achan's Sin.
... ACHAN'S SIN. ... One of the Israelites, named Achan, saw among the spoil of Jericho,
a handsome garment, some silver, and a bar of gold, and coveted them. ...
/.../anonymous/mother stories from the old testament/achans sin.htm

Achan's Sin, Israel's Defeat
... THE BOOK OF JOSHUA ACHAN'S SIN, ISRAEL'S DEFEAT. 'But ... man. That Is a strange
'for' in verse 1--- the people did it; 'for' Achan did it. ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture f/achans sin israels defeat.htm

The Valley of Achor
... Their defeat was caused by the covetousness of Achan, who for the sake of some
miserable spoil which he found in a tent, broke God's laws, and drew down shame ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture a/the valley of achor.htm

Little Sins
... Satan always begins with us as he did with Achan. He showed Achan, first
of all, a goodly Babylonish garment, and a wedge of gold. ...
/.../ sermons volume 5 1859/little sins.htm

Restraining Prayer: is it Sin?
... In the story of Achan we have one of the strongest proofs in Scripture that it is
sin that robs God's people of His blessing, and that God will not tolerate it ...
/.../murray/the ministry of intercession/chapter vi restraining prayer is.htm

Confession of Sin --A Sermon with Seven Texts
... The Doubtful Penitent. ACHAN""I have sinned.""Joshua 7:20. IV. ... and the 20th
verse:""And Achan answered Joshua, indeed I have sinned.". ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 3 1857/confession of sina sermon with.htm

... This initial success was followed by a sharp and unexpected disaster at Ai, for
which Achan, by his violation of the law of the ban, was held guilty and ...
// to the old testament/joshua.htm

The First Season
... When Joshua called all the tribes of Israel to cast lots for the discovery of Achan,
doubtless Achan feared; when the tribe of Judah was taken, his fear ...
// keeping the heart/i the first season.htm

The Difference of Some Customs of the Galileans from those of ...
... therefore, when they cursed, they cursed to none but to God." And the Gemara of
Jerusalem thus; "Because they were fastened to the curse of Achan, it is said ...
/.../lightfoot/from the talmud and hebraica/chapter 86 the difference of.htm

Tenth Commandment
... "And Achan answered Joshua, and said, Indeed ... The covetous eye was what led Achan
up to the wicked deed that brought sorrow and defeat upon the camp of Israel. ...
// and wanting/tenth commandment.htm

Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary

or Achar, he that troubleth

Smith's Bible Dictionary

(troubler), an Israelite of the tribe of Judah, who, when Jericho and all that it contained were accursed and devoted to destruction, secreted a portion of the spoil in his tent. For this sin he was stoned to death with his whole family by the people, in a valley situated between Ai and Jericho, and their remains, together with his property, were burnt. (Joshua 7:19-26) From this event the valley received the name of Achor (i.e. trouble). [ACHOR, VALLEY OF] (B.C. 1450.)

ATS Bible Dictionary

The son of Carmi, who disobeyed the strict charge of the Lord, and purloined some of the spoils of Jericho which were doomed to destruction. This brought a curse and defeat upon the people. He was discovered by lot, and stoned with all his family in the valley of Achor, north of Jericho, Joshua 6:18; 7:1-26. He is called Achar in 1 Chronicles 2:7.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Called also Achar, i.e., one who troubles (1 Chronicles 2:7), in commemoration of his crime, which brought upon him an awful destruction (Joshua 7:1). On the occasion of the fall of Jericho, he seized, contrary to the divine command, an ingot of gold, a quantity of silver, and a costly Babylonish garment, which he hid in his tent. Joshua was convinced that the defeat which the Israelites afterwards sustained before Ai was a proof of the divine displeasure on account of some crime, and he at once adopted means by the use of the lot for discovering the criminal. It was then found that Achan was guilty, and he was stoned to death in the valley of Achor. He and all that belonged to him were then consumed by fire, and a heap of stones was raised over the ashes.
Achan (7 Occurrences)
... It was then found that Achan was guilty, and he was stoned to death in the
valley of Achor. ... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. ACHAN. ...
/a/achan.htm - 12k

Carmi (8 Occurrences)
... qv). (3.) The son of Zimri, and the father of Achan (Joshua 7:1), "the troubler
of Israel.". Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. CARMI. ...
/c/carmi.htm - 10k

Zabdi (17 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary Gift of Jehovah. (1.) An ancestor of Achan (Joshua
7:1, 17, 18). He is probably the "Zimri" of 1 Chronicles 2:6. ...
/z/zabdi.htm - 13k

Achor (5 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary Trouble, a valley near Jericho, so called in consequence
of the trouble which the sin of Achan caused Israel (Joshua 7:24, 26). ...
/a/achor.htm - 11k

Zerah (22 Occurrences)
... 7:1, 18, 24; Joshua 22:20 1 Chronicles 2:4, 6; 1 Chronicles 9:6; Nehemiah 11:24
Matthew 1:3, younger twin-son of Judah and Tamar, and an ancestor of Achan. ...
/z/zerah.htm - 19k

Mantle (35 Occurrences)
... Zechariah 13:4, RV). It is the word denoting the "goodly Babylonish garment"
which Achan coveted (Joshua 7:21). (2.) Hebrews me'il ...
/m/mantle.htm - 21k

Unfaithfully (19 Occurrences)
... Joshua 7:1 But the children of Israel committed a trespass in the devoted things;
for Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son of Zerah, of the tribe ...
/u/unfaithfully.htm - 12k

Wedge (3 Occurrences)
... WEDGE, OF GOLD. wej, (lashon zahabh, literally, "tongue of gold"): A piece of gold
in the form of a wedge found by Achan in the sack of Jericho. ...
/w/wedge.htm - 10k

Ban (12 Occurrences)
... Joshua 7:1 But the children of Israel committed a trespass in the devoted things;
for Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son of Zerah, of the tribe ...
/b/ban.htm - 11k

Covetousness (22 Occurrences)
... It was one of the first sins that broke out after Israel had entered into the promised
land (Achan, Jos 7); and also in the early Christian church immediately ...
/c/covetousness.htm - 18k

Bible Concordance
Achan (7 Occurrences)

Genesis 36:27 The children of Ezer are these; Bilhan, and Zaavan, and Achan.

Joshua 7:1 But the children of Israel committed a trespass in the devoted things; for Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, took some of the devoted things. Therefore Yahweh's anger burned against the children of Israel.

Joshua 7:18 He brought near his household man by man, and Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, was selected.

Joshua 7:19 Joshua said to Achan, "My son, please give glory to Yahweh, the God of Israel, and make confession to him. Tell me now what you have done! Don't hide it from me!"

Joshua 7:24 Joshua, and all Israel with him, took Achan the son of Zerah, the silver, the robe, the wedge of gold, his sons, his daughters, his cattle, his donkeys, his sheep, his tent, and all that he had; and they brought them up to the valley of Achor.

Joshua 22:20 Didn't Achan the son of Zerah commit a trespass in the devoted thing, and wrath fell on all the congregation of Israel? That man didn't perish alone in his iniquity.'"

1 Chronicles 2:7 And the sons of Carmi: Achan, the troubler of Israel, who did wrong about the cursed thing.



Achan: Sin and Punishment of

Self-Incrimination: Achan

Related Terms

Carmi (8 Occurrences)

Zabdi (17 Occurrences)

Achor (5 Occurrences)

Zerah (22 Occurrences)

Mantle (35 Occurrences)

Unfaithfully (19 Occurrences)

Wedge (3 Occurrences)

Ban (12 Occurrences)

Covetousness (22 Occurrences)

Achar (1 Occurrence)

Acted (98 Occurrences)

Zimri (16 Occurrences)

Accursed (26 Occurrences)

Urim (8 Occurrences)

Thummim (6 Occurrences)

Devoted (72 Occurrences)

Divination (25 Occurrences)

Cursed (115 Occurrences)

Commit (142 Occurrences)

Trespass (101 Occurrences)

Zerahites (5 Occurrences)

Unfaithfulness (27 Occurrences)

Lot (145 Occurrences)

Guilt (180 Occurrences)

Implore (14 Occurrences)

Expired (29 Occurrences)

Doors (149 Occurrences)

Donkeys (71 Occurrences)

Babylonish (1 Occurrence)

Captured (143 Occurrences)

Ai (32 Occurrences)

Acha'icus (1 Occurrence)

Stoning (16 Occurrences)

Selected (23 Occurrences)

Regarding (33 Occurrences)

Money (284 Occurrences)

Burneth (67 Occurrences)

Asses (68 Occurrences)

Anem (1 Occurrence)

Answereth (144 Occurrences)

Perished (76 Occurrences)

Burial (25 Occurrences)

Kindled (83 Occurrences)

Mass (65 Occurrences)

Deuteronomy (1 Occurrence)

Bar (27 Occurrences)

Confession (22 Occurrences)

Intercession (12 Occurrences)

Belonged (105 Occurrences)

Moving (117 Occurrences)

Gold (429 Occurrences)

Robe (142 Occurrences)

Render (95 Occurrences)

Hide (135 Occurrences)

Broke (153 Occurrences)

Thanks (151 Occurrences)

Sinned (156 Occurrences)

Iniquity (299 Occurrences)

Oxen (176 Occurrences)

Perish (186 Occurrences)

Joshua (211 Occurrences)

Garment (143 Occurrences)

Causing (248 Occurrences)

Community (77 Occurrences)

Committed (201 Occurrences)

Declare (346 Occurrences)

Ass (95 Occurrences)

Daughters (246 Occurrences)

Break (257 Occurrences)

Curse (211 Occurrences)

Judah (802 Occurrences)

Anger (387 Occurrences)


Minor (2 Occurrences)

Asia (22 Occurrences)

Valley (187 Occurrences)

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