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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
AB (1)

('abh, the Hebrew and Aramaic word for "father"): It is a very common word in the Old Testament; this article notes only certain uses of it. It is used both in the singular and in the plural to denote a grandfather or more remote ancestors (e.g. Jeremiah 35:16, 15). The father of a people or tribe is its founder, not, as is frequently assumed, its progenitor. In this sense Abraham is father to the Israelites (see, for example, Genesis 17:11-14, 27), Isaac and Jacob and the heads of families being fathers in the same modified sense. The cases of Ishmael, Moab, etc., are similar. The traditional originator of a craft is the father of those who practice the craft (e.g. Genesis 4:20, 21, 22). Sennacherib uses the term "my fathers" of his predecessors on the throne of Assyria, though these were not his ancestors (2 Kings 19:12). The term is used to express worth and affection irrespective of blood relation (e.g. 2 Kings 13:14). A ruler or leader is spoken of as a father. God is father. A frequent use of the word is that in the composition of proper names, e.g. Abinadab, "my father is noble." See ABI.

The Aramaic word in its definite form is used three times in the New Testament (Mark 4:6), the phrase being in each case "Abba Father," addressed to God. In this phrase the word "Father" is added, apparently, not as a mere translation, nor to indicate that Abba is thought of as a proper name of Deity, but as a term of pleading and of endearment. See also ABBA.

Willis J. Beecher

AB (2)

('abh): The name of the fifth month in the Hebrew calendar, the month beginning in our July. The name does not appear in the Bible, but Josephus gives it to the month in which Aaron died (Ant., IV, iv, 6; compare Numbers 33:38).

5. Abba -- Abba, father
... Abba, father. Part of Speech: Proper Noun, Indeclinable Transliteration: Abba Phonetic
Spelling: (ab-bah') Short Definition: Father Definition: Abba, Father. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/5.htm - 6k

4872. sunanabaino -- to go up with
... to go up with. Part of Speech: Verb Transliteration: sunanabaino Phonetic Spelling:
(soon-an-ab-ah'-ee-no) Short Definition: I go up with Definition: I go up ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/4872.htm - 6k

2602. katabole -- a laying down
... a laying down. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: katabole Phonetic
Spelling: (kat-ab-ol-ay') Short Definition: a foundation, depositing, sowing ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2602.htm - 7k

2603. katabrabeuo -- to give judgment against
... to give judgment against. Part of Speech: Verb Transliteration: katabrabeuo Phonetic
Spelling: (kat-ab-rab-yoo'-o) Short Definition: I decide against, condemn ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2603.htm - 7k

3848. parabates -- one who stands beside
... one who stands beside. Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: parabates
Phonetic Spelling: (par-ab-at'-ace) Short Definition: a transgressor Definition ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/3848.htm - 7k

11. Abraam -- Abraham, the Heb. patriarch
... patriarch. Part of Speech: Proper Noun, Indeclinable Transliteration: Abraam Phonetic
Spelling: (ab-rah-am') Short Definition: Abraham Definition: Abraham ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/11.htm - 6k

305. anabaino -- to go up, ascend
... to go up, ascend. Part of Speech: Verb Transliteration: anabaino Phonetic Spelling:
(an-ab-ah'-ee-no) Short Definition: I go up, mount, ascend Definition: I go ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/305.htm - 9k

4460. Rhaab -- Rahab, a Canaanitess and an ancestor of Christ
... Rahab, a Canaanitess and an ancestor of Christ. Part of Speech: Proper Noun,
Indeclinable Transliteration: Rhaab Phonetic Spelling: (hrah-ab') Short Definition ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/4460.htm - 6k

9. Abilene -- Abilene, territory northwest of Damascus
... Abilene, territory northwest of Damascus. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine
Transliteration: Abilene Phonetic Spelling: (ab-ee-lay-nay') Short Definition: Abilene ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/9.htm - 6k

3850. parabole -- to expose oneself to danger
... to expose oneself to danger. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: parabole
Phonetic Spelling: (par-ab-ol-ay') Short Definition: a parable, comparison ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/3850.htm - 7k

Strong's Hebrew
2. ab -- father
... 1, 2. ab. 3 . father. Transliteration: ab Phonetic Spelling: (ab) Short
Definition: father. Word Origin (Aramaic) corresponding ...
/hebrew/2.htm - 5k

5646. ab -- perhaps a landing
ab or ob. 5645, 5646. ab or ob. 5647 . perhaps a landing. Transliteration:
ab or ob Phonetic Spelling: (awb) Short Definition: threshold. ...
/hebrew/5646.htm - 6k

5645. ab -- dark cloud, cloud mass, thicket
... 5644, 5645. ab. 5646 . dark cloud, cloud mass, thicket. Transliteration: ab
Phonetic Spelling: (awb) Short Definition: clouds. ... 5644, 5645. ab. 5646 . ...
/hebrew/5645.htm - 6k

1. ab -- father
... 5624, 1. ab. 2 . father. Transliteration: ab Phonetic Spelling: (awb) Short
Definition: father. ... Compare names in "Abi-". 5624, 1. ab. 2 . Strong's Numbers
/hebrew/1.htm - 6k

53. Abishalom -- "my father is peace," two Israelites
... 52, 53. Abishalom. 54 . "my father is peace," two Israelites. Transliteration:
Abishalom Phonetic Spelling: (ab-ee-shaw-lome') Short Definition: Absalom. ...
/hebrew/53.htm - 6k

32. Abihayil -- "my father is might," an Israelite name
... "my father is might," an Israelite name. Transliteration: Abihayil or Abichayil
Phonetic Spelling: (ab-ee-hah'-yil) Short Definition: Abihail. ...
/hebrew/32.htm - 6k

29. Abiyyah -- "Yah is my father," an Israelite name
... 28, 29. Abiyyah. 30 . "Yah is my father," an Israelite name. Transliteration:
Abiyyah Phonetic Spelling: (ab-ee-yaw') Short Definition: Abijah. ...
/hebrew/29.htm - 6k

26. Abigayil -- "my father is joy," two Israelite women
... 25, 26. Abigayil. 27 . "my father is joy," two Israelite women. Transliteration:
Abigayil Phonetic Spelling: (ab-ee-gah'-yil) Short Definition: Abigail. ...
/hebrew/26.htm - 6k

52. Abishay -- "my father is Jesse," an Israelite name
... 51, 52. Abishay. 53 . "my father is Jesse," an Israelite name. Transliteration:
Abishay Phonetic Spelling: (ab-ee-shah'ee) Short Definition: Abishai. ...
/hebrew/52.htm - 6k

5688. aboth -- cord, rope, cordage
... aboth or aboth or abothah. 5689 . cord, rope, cordage. Transliteration: aboth
or aboth or abothah Phonetic Spelling: (ab-oth') Short Definition: cords. ...
/hebrew/5688.htm - 6k


Loca S. Scripturæ Ab Hæreticis in vituperium Matrimonii Adducta ...
... Caput VIII."Loca S. Scripturæ Ab Hæreticis in Vituperium Matrimonii Adducta Explicat;
Et Primo Verba Apostoli Romans 6:14, Ab Hæreticorum Perversa ...
/.../clement/the stromata or miscellanies/caput viii loca s scripturae ab.htm

Tenet Ecclesia Nostra, Tenuitque Semper Firmam Illam Et Immotam ...
... Tenet ecclesia nostra, tenuitque semper firmam illam et immotam Tertulliani regulam
"Id verius quod prius, id prius quod ab initio." Quo propius ad veritatis ...
/.../tenet ecclesia nostra tenuitque semper.htm

Appendix I (To 2 of Part I, Pp. 59 F. )
... hi verbum veritatis primum ab apostolo acceperunt, sed post discessum eius temptati
sunt a falsis apostolis, ut in legem et circumcisionem verterentur. ...
/.../harnack/the origin of the new testament/appendix i to 2.htm

Appendix iii. Rabbinic views as to the Lawfulness of Images ...
... of human beings as carry in their hand some symbol of power, such as a staff, bird,
globe, or as the Talmud adds, a sword, or even a signet-ring (Ab. ...
/.../the life and times of jesus the messiah/appendix iii rabbinic views as.htm

The Litany of the Saints
... Propitius esto, parce nobis Domine Propitius esto, exaudi nos Domine Ab omni
malo, libera nos Domine. Ab omni peccato, libera nos Domine. ...
/.../various/the st gregory hymnal and catholic choir book/no 224 the litany of.htm

Quatenus Plato Aliique E Veteribus Præiverint Marcionitis ...
... proprium, non sunt ex destinato animi proposito continentes, sed propter odium
conceptum adversum eum, qui creavit, nolentes iis uti, quæ ab ipso sunt creata. ...
/.../clement/the stromata or miscellanies/caput iii quatenus plato aliique e.htm

... 5. Send, 74 years. 6. Per-ab-sen or Ka-Ra (?). 7. Nefer-ka-Ra, 70 years. ... 2. Neferus,
4 years, 2 months, 1 day. 3. Ab-en-Ra I., 2 years, 1 month, 1 day. ...
/.../sayce/early israel and the surrounding nations/appendices.htm

Appendix K.
... Addam aliquid amplius,"partem eam fuisse Novi Testamenti, ab ipso Mose promulgati. ...
Hui! quam precul ab usitata Mosaicorum scriptorum vena! . . . . ...
//christianbookshelf.org/burgon/inspiration and interpretation/appendix k.htm

Carpocrates, Cerinthus, Ebion.
... [8373] Mundum. [8374] Mundum. [8375] "Ab illis" is perhaps an error for "ab angelis,"
by absorption of the first syllable. So Routh has conjectured before me. ...
/.../tertullian/against all heresies/chapter iii carpocrates cerinthus ebion.htm

... race. [15] Or with ab, as Bevan and Baddam, that is, ab Evan and ab Adam.
Map and mab, ap and ab, stand for "son.". [16] St. Peter ...
/.../footnotes .htm

Smith's Bible Dictionary

(father), an element in the composition of many proper names, of which Abba is a Chaldaic form, having the sense of "endowed with," "possessed of."

ATS Bible Dictionary

1. Father, found in many compound Hebrew proper names: as Abner, father of light; Absalom, father of peace.

2. The fifth month of the sacred, and the eleventh of the civil year among the Jews. It began, according to the latest authorities, with the new moon of August. It was a sad month in the Jewish calendar. On its first day, a fast was observed for the death of Aaron, Numbers 33:38; and on its ninth, another was held in memory of the divine edicts which excluded so many that came out of Egypt from entering the promised land; and also, of the overthrow of the first and second temple. See MONTH.

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
(n.) The fifth month of the Jewish year according to the ecclesiastical reckoning, the eleventh by the civil computation, coinciding nearly with August.
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. AB (1). ... Willis J. Beecher. AB (2). ('abh): The
name of the fifth month in the Hebrew calendar, the month beginning in our July. ...
/a/ab.htm - 8k

Eli'ab (19 Occurrences)
Eli'ab. Eliab, Eli'ab. Eliab's . Multi-Version Concordance Eli'ab (19 Occurrences).
Numbers 1:9 Of Zebulun, Eliab the son of Helon. (See RSV). ...
/e/eli'ab.htm - 11k

Ab'igail (16 Occurrences)
Ab'igail. Abigail, Ab'igail. Abigal . Multi-Version Concordance
Ab'igail (16 Occurrences). 1 Samuel 25:3 Now the name ...
/a/ab'igail.htm - 10k

Ab'arim (5 Occurrences)
Ab'arim. Abarim, Ab'arim. Abase . Multi-Version Concordance
Ab'arim (5 Occurrences). Numbers 27:12 Yahweh said to Moses ...
/a/ab'arim.htm - 7k

Ab'igal (1 Occurrence)
Ab'igal. Abigal, Ab'igal. Abihail . Multi-Version Concordance
Ab'igal (1 Occurrence). 2 Samuel 17:25 And Absalom had ...
/a/ab'igal.htm - 6k

Ab'ishag (5 Occurrences)
Ab'ishag. Abishag, Ab'ishag. Abishai . Multi-Version Concordance
Ab'ishag (5 Occurrences). 1 Kings 1:3 So they sought ...
/a/ab'ishag.htm - 7k

Ab'ihail (6 Occurrences)
Ab'ihail. Abihail, Ab'ihail. Abi-hebron . Multi-Version Concordance
Ab'ihail (6 Occurrences). Numbers 3:35 The prince ...
/a/ab'ihail.htm - 8k

Jo'ab (120 Occurrences)
Jo'ab. Joab, Jo'ab. Joab's . Multi-Version Concordance Jo'ab
(120 Occurrences). 2 Samuel 2:13 Joab the son of Zeruiah ...
/j/jo'ab.htm - 34k

Ab'salom (85 Occurrences)
Ab'salom. Absalom, Ab'salom. Absalom's . Multi-Version Concordance
Ab'salom (85 Occurrences). 2 Samuel 3:3 and his second ...
/a/ab'salom.htm - 29k

Jesheb'e-ab (1 Occurrence)
Jesheb'e-ab. Jeshebeab, Jesheb'e-ab. Jesher . Multi-Version
Concordance Jesheb'e-ab (1 Occurrence). 1 Chronicles 24:13 ...
/j/jesheb'e-ab.htm - 6k



Related Terms

Eli'ab (19 Occurrences)

Ab'igail (16 Occurrences)

Ab'arim (5 Occurrences)

Ab'igal (1 Occurrence)

Ab'ishag (5 Occurrences)

Ab'ihail (6 Occurrences)

Jo'ab (120 Occurrences)

Ab'salom (85 Occurrences)

Jesheb'e-ab (1 Occurrence)

Jo'ab's (8 Occurrences)

I'ye-Ab'arim (2 Occurrences)

Eli'ab's (1 Occurrence)

Chil'e-ab (1 Occurrence)

Ab'di-el (1 Occurrence)

Ab'salom's (5 Occurrences)

Pa'hath-mo'ab (5 Occurrences)

At'roth-beth-jo'ab (1 Occurrence)

Abigal (1 Occurrence)

Abihail (6 Occurrences)

Elamites (2 Occurrences)

Joab's (13 Occurrences)

Absalom's (16 Occurrences)

Elam (24 Occurrences)

Chileab (1 Occurrence)

Abishag (5 Occurrences)

Abarim (8 Occurrences)

Abigail (18 Occurrences)

Eliab (20 Occurrences)

Ulai (2 Occurrences)

Jeshebeab (1 Occurrence)

Iye-abarim (2 Occurrences)

Term (4 Occurrences)

Moabites (26 Occurrences)

Moabitess (7 Occurrences)




Abdon (8 Occurrences)



Abdiel (1 Occurrence)


Atroth-beth-joab (1 Occurrence)

Moab (162 Occurrences)

Abishai (25 Occurrences)

Eliada (4 Occurrences)

Chiliarch (17 Occurrences)

Abase (7 Occurrences)

Abdomen (4 Occurrences)




Hashabneiah (2 Occurrences)

Very (3073 Occurrences)

Vice (2 Occurrences)

Nostrils (22 Occurrences)

Unquenchable (5 Occurrences)


Oholiab (5 Occurrences)

Ozias (2 Occurrences)


Jesher (1 Occurrence)

Ladder (1 Occurrence)

Iyim (1 Occurrence)

Ijeabarim (2 Occurrences)

Iyeabarim (1 Occurrence)

Ivory (13 Occurrences)

Ije-abarim (2 Occurrences)

Fast (157 Occurrences)

Recognize (52 Occurrences)

Roman (26 Occurrences)

Eliab's (1 Occurrence)

Deceivableness (1 Occurrence)

Deceive (48 Occurrences)

Pahathmoab (6 Occurrences)

Pahath-moab (6 Occurrences)

Pai (1 Occurrence)

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